SAFFELL, MARY R., farmer's wife, Pike township, Lexington, Ohio;
was born November 22, 1818, in Frederick county, Maryland; 
daughter of Thomas H. and Melinda (Harrison) Miller. Mrs. Saffell was
raised a farmer's daughter and has lived on a farm all her life. Her
father brought her with the rest of his family to this State in an early
day, when there yet remained a few Indians, to be seen occasionally.
She was married January 11, 1838, to Samuel, son of Amos and Mary
(Lemon) Saffell, who died and left her a widow. Mrs. Saffell has lived
in this county since her marriage, and is now living on the Josiah Grimes
farm, that she is having farmed at this date. She has seventeen 
children by her only marriage, as follows: Mary J., Martha, Rhoda,
Jehu, Louisa, Caroline, Reuben, Harriet Ann, William Horace, 
Charlotte M., (with twin sister, who died in infancy), James C., Samuel
H., Silas A. and Rebecca E., are living, and Reuben, Jno. Thomas
and Velinda C. are dead. Mrs. Saffell's father, Thomas H. Mills, is
now living with her, and is ninety-four years of age, and one of the 
oldest residents in the county      
     SALTSMAN, MARIA, Pike township, New Lexington, Ohio; was
born January 26, 1832, in Somerset, this county; was married in 1851,
to Andrew Saltsman, of Jefferson county, Ohio. They are the parents
of two children,who are living, Charles Wesley and Nancy Jane. Mrs.
Saltsman has always been a citizen of her native county, and has lived
in New Lexington, Ohio, for the last ten years of her life, and lived on
a farm during her married life previous to her going to this city. Her
husband enlisted in the three years service during the late Rebellion,
and died in the hospital of typhoid fever in 1864. Her son enlisted
some nine years ago, from whom she has not heard up to the present


time. By economy she now enjoys a pleasant home of her own on
Railroad street, where she now lives with her daughter and son-in-law.
Few can boast of so much patriotism of their family as can Mrs. 
Saltsman, all of her support having been given that could be offered by her.
     SANDERS, BENJAMIN, farmer, Monroe township. Hemlock, Ohio;
was born January 5, 1823, in Columbiana county, Ohio; son of Jesse
and Epsie (Batton) Sanders. He was brought up on a farm and followed
agricultural pursuits until he was twenty-three or twenty-four years
of age, when he went to Ringold, Morgan county, Oho, and engaged
in the mercantile business, in which he remained about five years. Mr.
Sander's father brought him to this county when he was about seven
year's of age, and bought forty acres, and entered eighty acres of land
at the same time, but sold out in about six months afterward and went
to Morgan county, Ohio; after remaining in Morgan county about 
eighteen months he returned to this county, and again took possession of
the same farm because of the man who purchased it being unable to
meet the payments. After returning he made this his home as long as
he lived, and increased his possessions to five hundred acres of land, a
part of which is now owned by his son, Benjamin, who lived with him
until he went to Morgan county, Ohio, where he went into the mercantile 
business. Sold out in Morgan county in 1831, and returned to this
county, buying a part of his father's farm; engaged in agriculture and
stock dealing, for about twenty years. He then bought the grist mill
at Sulphur Springs and moved it to Hemlock. Has been the manager
of a store in Hemlock for the past four years, which he owns. Has also
been postmaster in Hemlock for the past five years. He now owns
about three hundred acres in Saltlick and Monroe townships, and 
formerly owned about five hundred acres, selling part of the same to the
Ohio Central Coal Company, that Buckingham is now built upon and
where shaft No. 19 is now being operated.  He was married
to Susanna (Wood) Smith, of Belmont county, Ohio, who was a
resident of this county at the time other marriage.  They are the 
parents of nine living children, viz.: William M., C. T., Spencer S.,
Sarah, Emeline, Elma, Almeda, Viola and Etta, and three dead, Epsie,
Cynthia and Louvina Alice.
     SANDERS, THOMAS M., proprietor of dry goods and family grocery
store, near depot, New Lexington, Ohio. Mr. Sanders was born February 
28, 1835, in Pike township; son of John and Mary (Fealty) Sanders, 
natives of Pennsylvania. Thomas M. was brought up on a farm,
but followed various occupations.   He railroaded in Wisconsin and
Minnesota, being employed in the latter State when she repudiated her
railroad bonds. Mr. Sanders began his present business in 1873, at
Rehoboth where he remained about four and one-half years, after which
he came to his present location, where he is doing a good business.
     SANDERS, WILLIAM MILES, merchant. Hemlock, Ohio; was born,
February 25, 1843, in Perry county, Ohio; son of Benjamin and Susannah 
(Smith) Sanders. Was brought up on a farm, and followed agricultural
pursuits until 1861, when he enlisted in Company C, Seventeenth 
Regiment, O. V. I.; served his term of enlistment in Virginia,
and was honorably discharged at Zanesville, Ohio. He then re-enlisted 
in Company D, Thirty-first Regiment, O. V. I., for three years or


during the war, and served until September, 1862, when he enlisted at
Nashville, Tennessee, in Company M, U. S.. Cavalry, for three years,
from which service he was discharged at San Antonia, Texas, December 
18, 1865. While in O. V. I., he was engaged in the following battles: 
Mill Springs, Siege of Corinth, Perryville, Shepherdsville, Cage's
Ford, battle of Stone River. While he was in the cavalry service, he
was in the following engagements: Chickamauga,and was on 
Sherman's march to the sea; and fell back to Nashville, and was in the
battle between Hood and Thomas; and in Wilson's famous cavalry
raid. His regiment captured Andersonville, took Wertz, the commander, 
prisoner; was captured April 18, and was held a prisoner at
Libby for six days, when he was paroled, and in about one month 
rejoined his company, with which he remained until he was discharged,
excepting one month, when he was put on detached duty as escort for
General Corse, to carry dispatches from Nashville, Tennessee, to a point
three hundred miles up Red River. Upon his discharge from the service, 
he returned home and remained four weeks, when he went to New
Pittsburg, Indiana, where he was married, August 31, 1866, to Miss
Elizabeth A., daughter of Allen Fowler. They are the parents of four
children, viz.: Spencer E., Martin L., Rasilla V., and Benjamin A.,
all born in Clark county, Iowa. In the fall of 1866, he went to Clark
county, Iowa, where he purchased a farm, upon which he lived until
1877, when he went to Johnson county, Nebraska. In the following
year he again moved to Rush County, Kansas, remaining until January,
1880, and returned by wagon to St. Louis, Missouri; then by boat to
Cincinnati, from where he drove home in a wagon to the old homestead,
reaching his destination August, 1880. In the following September he
purchased his present store. Mr. Sanders was the Greenback candidate 
of this county, in the fall of 1881, for Representative.
     SANDERS, SPENCER SMITH, miller, Saltlick township; post office,
Hemlock, Ohio; was born March 18, 1847, in Monroe township, this
county; son of Benjamin and Susannah (Smith) Sanders. Mr. Sanders 
was brought up on a farm, and followed agricultural pursuits until
about four years ago, when he took charge of the Hemlock mill, to
which he has given his attention up to this time. In the fall of 1864,
Mr. Sanders enlisted in Company G, Twenty-fifth Regiment, O. V. I.,
for one year,, and was in the battle of Honey Hill, where he received a
flesh wound in the arm, which disabled him for three months, when he was
in general hospital. Upon his recovery he rejoined his regiment, served
out his time and was discharged, by reason of expiration of term of 
enlistment, when he returned home and engaged in, farming, until as
above stated. He has served his township as trustee about four years.
Mr. Sanders was married August 29, 1867, to Victoria, daughter of
Reuben and Hester Ann (Cannon) Primrose, of this township formerly,
but was a resident of Nelsonville, Athens county, Ohio, at the time of
her marriage, where she was living with her brother, Isaac P. Primrose. 
They are the parents of five children, viz.: Anna Laura, Franklin 
Geddis, Edwin L., Olive Clyde, and Mattie M.
     SANSOM, R. C., post master, Shawnee, Ohio; was born December
21, 1837, in Tredegar, Wales; son of Richard and Elizabeth (Woods)
Sansom. Mr. Sansom emigrated to America with his parents in 1840,


who first settled in Montreal, Canada, where they abode some three
years, when they came to the United States of America, settling near
Cumberland, Alleghany county, Maryland, living at this place until
about 1857. At this time he went to Piedmont, Hampshire county,
West Virginia, where he learned the machinist's trade, serving three
years; and where he was at the time of the breaking out of the Rebellion, 
when he enlisted with the Eleventh Regiment, Indiana V. I., and
served during the three months' service, for which he received no pay;
and afterward enlisted with the Second Regiment, Maryland V. I., for
the term of three years, and served two or three months over his time,
in the armies of the Potomac and West Virginia, at which time he 
received an honorable discharge and returned home. During this service
he was once wounded at Snickers Gap, but which left no permanent injury. 
Yet he contracted a disease, which has since proven to be varicose 
veins of the limbs, and it so much disables him, that he is now unable 
to do much of any kind of business. He enlisted as a private, and
was discharged as first lieutenant. Upon receiving his discharge, he
returned home, and soon after he moved to Bedford county, 
Pennsylvania, where he engaged in farming, for about three years, and then
moved to Clearfield county, Pennsylvania, and was engaged as clerk
in a coal company's store, and as weighmaster for about two years and
six months. At this time he came to Shawnee, Ohio, and employed as
weighmaster and shipping clerk for the Shawnee Valley Coal and Iron
Company, from 1873 to 1881, when he was appointed postmaster at this
place. Was married June 5, 1867, to Mary E., daughter of Samuel
and Lucinda (Harden) Close. They are the parents of six children,
viz.: Samuel R. P., Elizabeth H., deceased; George T., Ida M.,
Charles W., and John T.
     SAWYER, CHARLES H., tonsorial artist. Corning, Ohio; was born
December 24, 1836, in Gillford county, North Carolina; son of William
and Merina (Mitchell) Sawyer. Charles H. was brought up on the farm
until fourteen years of age, when he went to his trade; and has worked
at it in most of the principal cities of Indiana and Ohio, also in the city
of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He came to his present location in May,
1880. Mr. Sawyer was married November 25, 1857, to Miss Eva C.,
daughter of William and Mary (Ludington) Townsend, of Oxford,
Butler county, Ohio. They are the parents of three children, viz.:
Ida B., Calvin, deceased, and Dora L.
     SAWYER, E. OGDEN, M. D., Corning, Ohio; was born November
29, 1851, in Cincinnati, Ohio; son of Joseph O., and Mary Elizabeth
(Stephens) Sawyer. The doctor was brought up in St. Louis, Missouri,
until the age of fourteen, after which time he resided in Cincinnati and
Columbus, Ohio. He began the study of medicine April 1, 1878, with
Dr. Halderman of Columbus, Ohio, and was graduated at Starling
Medical College, at Columbus, Ohio, in the spring of 1880. Practiced
first in Richmond, Indiana. Came to this place, January 2, 1882. Dr.
Sawyer was married April 28, 1880, to Sarah R. Hall, M. D., of Salem,
Columbiana county, Ohio. She is a graduate of the Friends' Seminary 
at Mt. Pleasant, Ohio; also attended two courses of lectures at the
Woman's Medical College at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and is at
present physician at the Girls' Industrial Home at Delaware, Ohio.


     SCALLON, THOMAS, born 1821, in Washington, D.C., where his
father, James, and his mother, Mary Scallon, arrived in 1819, from
Wexford county, Ireland. His mother was a daughter of Patrick 
Redmond, and the sister of George Redmond, former Treasurer of Perry
county, and of John Redmond, for many years a Justice of the Peace
in Muskingum county. Her sisters are Bridget and Ann, now the wife
of George Brehm, and Catharine, the deceased wife of the late 
venerable Miles Cluney; and Peggy, widow of the late John Dittoe. The
children of Mrs. Scallon are Thomas and Mrs. Mary Ann Echenrode,
late of this county, and the mother of Thomas and Mary Echenrode,
her only children. Thomas Scallon was married in 1843, to Miss Mary,
daughter of John Dittoe. His children are: Mary; James, a plasterer
by trade, post office, Lancaster; Rev. Thomas, a Dominican priest at
St. Joseph's; Helen, a nun of St. Francis De Sales, Newark, Ohio,
and known there as sister Genevieve; Miss Anna, and George, post
office, Somerset, Ohio. Thomas Scallon came to Perry county in 1829,
when only eight years of age, and has resided on the same farm over
fifty years, occupying the ancestral acres of his father, James Scallon,
who deceased seven years after his settlement thereon, in sight of 
Somerset. He has improved the old homestead with excellent buildings;
served for many years as township assessor, several times performing
all the work himself; so that faithfulness in office and to his duties as a
private citizen, are among the virtues unanimously accorded to him.
     SCHNEIDER, LOUIS, Bearfield township; post office, Portersville,
Ohio. He is a farmer now, and followed merchandising thirteen years
at Portersville. He was born in Baden, Germany, in 1825; son of
Francis P. and Mary (Euhert) Schneider. He emigrated to this country 
in 1854; located at Portersville; stayed in his brother's store the first
winter, and then he went into business for himself. Mr. Schneider now
owns four hundred and ninety-six acres of land, being one of the 
wealthiest and most successful farmers in the township. In 1855, he married
Mary C. Reimond, of Deavertown. They are the parents of the 
following named children: William F., Annie L., deceased; Frank J.,
Leo L., George Otto, and Charles Reimond. His wife died in 1872.
He married Ellen Cunningham, of Muskingum county, in 1873. They
have one child, Michael A.
     SCOTT, MARTIN F., merchant; born in Ohio county, West 
Virginia, in 1812.  Son of Mathew Scott, born in Kilkenney; and Elizabeth
Lacy Scott, born in Wicklow county, Ireland; came to this country in
1800. His father was an officer in the English Army, and was present
at the trial of Robert Emmett, an incident of his life to which he ever
after referred to with emotions of sorrow. He began mercantile life
in Baltimore, Maryland, and about the year 1808, removed to Wheeling, 
West Virginia, bought a farm on the Ohio side of the river, but 
resided on the Virginia side, where Martin was born.   This careful,
cautious, honest and successful man was bred to the mercantile life,
which he yet pursues in his old age. He came to Somerset in 1838,
after the death of his mother in 1837, intending to go to New Orleans.
He changed his course to Iowa, intending to purchase land, and turn
his occupation to that of a farmer. In the Des Moines valley he called at a
house; a woman with a child in her arms responded. He inquired of


her if there was any land to enter in this beautiful part of the State. "Are
you one of those land grabbers ?" was the greeting. " What does that
mean, madam ? " "One of those speculators who buy large tracts here
and prevent the settlement of the country." "No," said Mr. Scott,
"I intend settling here if I buy." And then, eyeing the woman more
closely, he said, "your name was Johnson and I sold you your wedding
dress." "Then your name is Martin Scott," exclaimed the lady, as
she rushed forward to welcome him. He selected a section of land.
Nothing but gold and silver and Missouri bank notes would be received 
at the land office; scores of buyers were there waiting for the sales
to open. Plowing around one acre and laying down four logs made a
squatter's claim, and many made these claims, sold out and then moved
on. The land sales were postponed, and Mr. Scott says, "That act of
Van Buren's administration turned my feet back to Somerset, and he
shall have the blame or the honor of my being here." While yet a
lad he was sent from Belmont county to St. Joseph's in Perry county,
to learn his catechism, the distance being over one hundred miles, and
the road from Somerset to the church, a path cut through the woods.
He was united in marriage with Cecelia Dittoe, daughter of Peter Dittoe, 
of Mt. Harrison, May 3, 1842. Their children are, viz.: Albert,
bred to the law, and who died at his father's residence, June 5, 1880,
leaving a widow and a son, Albert, both now in Washington. D. C.;
Thomas, commercial traveler, single; Lewis, married, residence 
Chi-wa-hua-hua, Mexico, (pronounced Che-wah-wah), merchant, banker
and miner; Philip, clerk, at home, single. The daughters are, Mary,
Lizzie and Dora, all single and at home. The family has had excellent
opportunities for education, and all his sons exhibit commendable
traits of business.
     SCOTT, JOHN W., collier, Shawnee, Ohio; was born April 13, 1860,
in Caxhoe, county of Durham, England; son of George and Isabel
(Richison) Scott. Mr. Scott was raised in his native county, and 
remained there until he was nineteen years of age, when he emigrated to
America, landing in New York October 3, 1879, and came direct to
Shawnee, where he mined eight or nine months, when he went to
Straitsville, and mined about one year, and from thence to Floodwood,
remaining a short time, after which he went to Rendville, where he has
been employed up to the present time, and is now engaged at Beard's
shaft. His parents still live in Crook, county Durham, England.
     SECRIST, ALEXANDER, engineer, Shawnee, Ohio; was born July
12, 1845, at Bloom Furnace, Lawrence county, Ohio; son of George
and Mary Jane (Woodruff) Secrist; was brought up about a furnace,
and has made furnace work the business of his life. At the age of nine
years, he ran an engine at the old Jackson Furnace, Jackson county,
Ohio, where he was engaged for five years. At this time he enlisted in
Company I, Fifth Regiment Virginia Volunteer Infantry, as fife Major,
remaining three years, and was taken prisoner between Winchester and
Bunker Hill, and was taken to Currantstown, above Winchester and
confined in an old mill, where he remained about six days, when he
slipped out of a hole, caused by some siding being broken off, un-
observed by the guard, and went down under the water-wheel, where he
remained until ten o'clock at night, when he passed out of the camp,


climbing over some of the sleeping enemy and traveling till near morning, 
when he hid under some hay in a barn. The enemy took hay from
the same mow that day, but did not discover him. The next night he
went to a house to get something to eat, when he discovered two Rebel
officers inside; he beat a hasty retreat and hid under a straw stack
until the next night, and for four days he only had blackberries and
roasted corn to eat. Upon again traveling, he reached North Mountain, 
and wandered night after night, often coming to camps and shunning 
them until he reached the Union lines. The first meal he got to
eat, after getting away from the mill, was given to him by a negro
woman who came to milk near a straw stack where he was hidden. When
he reached North Mountain a bushwhacker showed him the way across
the mountain, where he was captured by the Union forces, suspected as
a Rebel, and imprisoned at Cumberland for some length of time, when
he was sent to Harper's Ferry, where he remained until a part of his
company was brought there to receive their discharge, and, as he was
looking out of the prison window, he was recognized by his old 
comrades, identified, and discharged with them.  Returning home, he
located at Jackson, in 1866, and has since ran an engine at Jackson,
Bessimer and Shawnee, where he now remains. Mr. Secrist was
married May 2, 1872, to Miss Mary Ann, daughter of Felix and Rebecca
(Jones) Nash. They are the parents of three children, viz.: Edward
D., Harry Clay, deceased, and a infant not named.
     SECRIST, WILLIAM, engineer; Shawnee, Ohio; was born January
10, 1854, in Jackson county, Ohio; son of George and Mary Jane
(Woodruff) Secrist; was brought up in the county of his nativity, where
he remained to the age of twenty years. While a youth he learned the
trade of engineering, at first engaging with George Hoop, at Jackson,
running a grist mill engine eighteen months, and then to Orange 
Furnace, in same town, running the engine for three years. Since having
learned his trade, he has been engaged in the following places; In
Lawrence county, Ohio, at Olive Furnace, running engine one year;
Iron Valley Furnace, Vinton county, Ohio, dug ore and ran engine
eighteen months; Hocking county, Ohio, mined coal five or six
months; New Plymouth, Vinton county, Ohio, running portable 
sawmill engine, one year; Gore furnace, Hocking county, blacksmithing
and running engine about three years; in Straitsville, as furnace top
filler, three months, and in this place, at Fannie Furnace, since, 
running engine for about three years past, in turn with his brother. He
was married October 11, 1874, to Eliza, daughter of Jonathan and
Mary Jane (Decker) Moody. They are the parents of four children,
viz.:  Charles M., Minnie May, George A., and an infant not named.
     SELBY, THOMAS, farmer, Pike township, P. O. New Lexington, Ohio;
was born November 12, 1804, in Anne Arundel county, Maryland; son
Eli and Ruth (Shipley) Selby. Mr. Selby was raised a farmer, but
learned the blacksmith trade with Jacob Knowls, of Somerset, Perry
county, Ohio, serving four years as an apprentice, which business he
followed for thirty years, turning by forge many an ax, long before the
introduction of the patent ax. Mr. Selby was united in marriage with
Julia A., daughter of Thomas and Margaret (Ankney) Wright, February 
10, 1831. They are the parents of the following children, viz.: John


N., Eli M., Jeremiah B., Joshua F., Eliza Ann, Margaret M., Harriet
L., Alpheus B., William Cook, and three dying in infancy. Mr. Selby 
came to Perry county in March, 1814, with his father, who settled 
in Pike township, entering three quarter-sections of land, the same
that is now owned by Thomas, the subject of this sketch, and his heirs,
who own six hundred acres of land. When the settlement was made,
bears and wolves were plenty, and the land a desolate wilderness. In
1843, Mr. Selby supplanted his log cabin by a fine, large brick 
mansion, which he now lives in. He has been a successful and an 
enterprising business man, raising at one time the best sheep that were ever
raised in Perry county, one that sheared thirty-three pounds of wool at
one clipping. He now, in his old age, takes delight in raising thoroughbred 
cattle, and at one time owned a calf ninety-five days old, that
weighs three hundred and eighty-five pounds, gaining a little over three
pounds per day.
     SELBY, S. F., farmer and stock dealer; post office, New Lexington,
Ohio; born in Pike township, Perry county, in 1837; son of Thomas
and Julia A. (Wright) Selby; grandson of Eli and Ruth (Shipley) Selby, 
and Thomas, and Margaret (Ankney) Wright. He was married in
1873, to Miss Elizabeth Koots, daughter of Ephriam and Eliza
(McKeever) Koots.
     SELLERS, H. P., farmer, and breeder of thoroughbred Atwood
sheep, registered in Vermont Atwood Club. Post office, New Lexington; 
Clayton township. Perry county, Ohio; born in Perry county in
1842; son of Jacob and Julia E. (Reem) Sellers, grandson of John and
Margaret (McMullen) Sellers. Married June 29, 1870, to Miss Harriet 
Roberts, daughter of H. H. and Carrie Roberts. They have four
children, viz.: Stilla L., Herbert C., W. L. A., and Whitfield.
     SHEARER, SAMUEL, was born in 1815, on the farm where he now
resides, the place never having been out of the Shearer ownership. It
lies in sight of Somerset, and the land maintains a reasonable state of
fertility. At the age of nineteen he went to work at the carpenter
trade, and in the winter worked at cabinet making, and from there on
to the age of forty-five years pursued this occupation exclusively. At
the age of forty-two he changed his bachelor life by his marriage to
Sarah A. Brandt, whose maiden name was Sarah A. Cann, and who
was the mother of one son, named James Brandt, at the date of her
second marriage. The children by this marriage are, Emma E., Mary
C., Laura T., Sallie E., all of whom are living except the first named.
He was never clamorous for the eight hour law when working at his
trade---he worked from sun to sun. When working by the month his
wages, after his apprenticeship, ranged from eighteen to twenty-four
dollars. He was counted a superior workman, and the Moeller corner,
now the Brown corner, in Somerset, stands a witness to the skill which
took the wood from the stump and fashioned it therein. After his marriage 
he worked on his farm and occasionally at his trade; the demand
for his services often withdrawing him from the farm. His cutting box
costing $6, dispensed with the old rake and knife and cuts by hand,
utilizing an old scythe for a knife, and one man, in a single hour, can
easily cut enough hay or fodder to feed three cows for a week. He
feeds his beeves on chopped feed, and a sorrel mare, now thirty years


old, looks and acts so much as if hardly half this age, as to testify to the
value of a good and cheap cutting box on the barn. and to the kindness.
and humanity of her owner. This celebrated animal will not even
now, bear a whip, or allow angry, loud words to be spoken to her.
Mr. Shearer is an honest, honorable citizen, who prefers to speak well
of others or remain silent. His life and successful management is a
beautiful eulogy upon the sphere he fills in society and the institutions
of his country. From early years, in consequence of sickness, his 
hearing is impaired, but not so much as to exclude him from social and
conversational enjoyment. He is a firm friend of education for usefulness, 
and all his children have enjoyed, or are enjoying, the blessings
of domestic and literary training.
     SHEARER, JOHN H., was born in Perry county, Ohio, in the year
1816, and though trained to life on the farm to the age of nineteen, he
has, since 1836, devoted his life to the business of printing and publishing 
newspapers, comprising a period of forty-six years, and thus establishing 
his claim to being the oldest printer and editor now living in
Ohio. He is a son of Daniel Shearer, who emigrated to Ohio as early
as the year 1805. His mother's maiden name was Martha Miller, who
dates the citizenship of her father in Ohio back to 1806. In 1836 John
Shearer began learning his trade as a printer in the Western Post office
in Somerset, with McAfee as proprietor. In 1839, having completed
his apprenticeship, he became half owner with that gentleman, who, in
nine months after, sold his half to Alexander Miller, and again, in 1841,
A. T. M. Filler bought the interest of Miller, which he held until 1844.
Mr. Shearer then bought out Filler's half and became sole proprietor,
and so ran the office until 1846, when he rented the establishment to J.
W. Shirley for three years. In 1849 Mr. Shearer resumed sole control
and changed the name to the Somerset Post. In 1855 he sold out to
Mr. E. S. Colborn, and the Post became merged with Mr. Colborn's
paper, and both took the name of the Perry County American. In
1857 the office passed back to Mr. Shearer, and its name was changed
to Somerset Review. About this time Mr. Shearer became involved as
surety for Ottoe H. Miller and others, and sold out the Review to Judge
R. F. Hickman. All the accumulations of the previous twenty years
of his young and vigorous manhood were swept away, together with
real estate, that cost him $2,800, sacrificed at $800 to pay bail debts.
It was a terrible blow, but not to his faith in God or his hope of ultimate
recovery. In August, 1858, broken in heart and fortune, he visited
Marysville, Ohio, and bargained for the Tribune office, by which he
bound himself to pay $500 within a year, balance when he could, and
in October of the same year took possession, and, after the removal of
his family, found only $9 left in his pocket-book to start his business
and face a strange community. Luck, backed with unflagging energy
and the favor of friends, enabled him to pay $900 on the contract, when
his old creditors began to grow clamorous. He informed the late lion.
C. S. Hamilton of the situation, as he had done at the beginning. This
gentleman (afterwards killed by an insane son) replied: "Stop paying
me, and pay your Perry county creditors." These were noble words,
uttered from a noble heart. John Shearer pulled through, paid all
claims against him, and became sole owner of the Marysville Tribune,


which is valued at $10,000, being the best equipped county office in
Ohio, and which, added to his real estate and other assets, at a reasonable 
estimate, allows him $27,000 for the last twenty years service, and
turns the frowns of 1857 and the sacrifices of 1858 into the smiles and
sunshine of life's afternoon. The first twenty-three years of his printer's 
life were ended by the destruction, of his fortune, and the last twenty-
three have not only recovered all that was lost by the first, but added
a hundred-fold, and, in the evening of his days, assigned him to the
front rank as a successful printer and editor, and command his history
to be preserved in the annals of his native county, and his example to
cheer all those overtaken by financial reverses. He was first married
to Miss Matilda Ream, who died in 1865, leaving one son, Willie O.
Shearer, and one daughter, Lorietta, now the widow of Dr. A. F.
Zeigler, Columbus, Ohio. The second marriage was in 1868, to Mrs.
J. A. Johnson, of Delaware county, Ohio, who died in 1881, leaving one
son, John H. Shearer, Jr., now twelve years of age.
     SHEERAN, THOMAS, cutter in Peter Duffey's merchant tailoring room,
New Lexington, Ohio; born January 6, 1852, in Pike township; son
of James and Mary (Sharkey) Sheeran. Young Sheeran was brought
up on a farm, where he remained until about fifteen years old, when he
learned the plasterer's trade, and followed it about five years, then, in
company with his brother Frank, established a merchant tailoring store
at Athens, Ohio, where they remained about one year. He then learned
his present trade. Came to this place about the year 1867. He engaged 
in his present position in 1878. Mr. Sheeran was married January 
1, 1878, to Miss Margaret E., daughter of Anthony and Ellen
(Greene) Daugherty. They are the parents of three children, viz.:
Frank, deceased; Mary, and Margaret Ellen.
     SHEERN, PIUS, farmer, post office, New Lexington, Pike township,
Perry county, Ohio; was born March 15, 1848, in this township; son
of James and Mary (Shirkey) Sheern. Was raised a farmer, and followed 
agricultural pursuits until 1863, in December of which year he
enlisted in the army, in Company D, 30th O. V. I., for three years, or
during the war, and served until June 5, 1865, when he was discharged
by reason of the close of the war. Was engaged in the following 
battles: Dallas, Georgia; Kenesaw Mountain, Georgia; Nicojack Creek,
Georgia; Atlanta, Georgia; Jonesborough, Georgia; Savannah, 
Georgia; charge of Fort McAllister, Georgia, under General Hayes, and
Waynesburg, North Carolina. After being discharged he returned
home and engaged in farming until 1874, when he went to Colorado,
and where, in 1875, he enlisted in the regular army for five years, and
served three years and four months, being discharged at his own 
request. The hazardous task of carrying a dispatch from Bluff Creek
to Camp Supply on the frontier became urgent, and as an inducement
for some one to volunteer, the officer agreed that, to the man who would
carry it, should be granted any request he might make upon his return.
Mr. Sheeren performed the feat, and upon his return asked for his 
discharge, which was granted. During this service he waited upon Col.
Lewis at the time he was wounded, who was Colonel commanding the
19th United States Infantry. Was engaged in the battle of Sand Hill,
Kansas. Upon going to Colorado he prospected for gold and silver for


and again engaged in farming, which he has followed up to this time.
Was married September 23, 1879, to Ellen, daughter of Edward and
Biddie Maloy, of this township. They are the parents of one child,
     SHERIDAN, JOHN L., was born in Somerset April 2, 1837, and is one
of the three surviving sons of John and Mary Miner Sheridan. He
was admitted to the bar in 1866, and the same year united in marriage
to Miss Katharine Gallin, a daughter of the late venerable and 
lamented James Gallin, and sister of Mr. John Gallin, now in active and
successful business in Somerset. He visited Texas and Mexico, 
immediately after his marriage, and beheld the setting sun of Maxamilian
on the west and the rising sun of Reconstructed Union on the east of
the Rio Grande. He served as register of the land office at Fairplay,
Colorado. Was one of the speakers sent by the Republican State 
committee of Ohio, in 1868; Republican candidate for State Senator in
the district composed of Perry and Muskingum counties, and is now
employed at Fort Supply, Indian Territory, returning home frequently
to visit his family, consisting now of his mother, wife and two
daughters. His homeward visits include a call at Chicago, where
his brothers. General Philip Sheridan and Colonel M. V. Sheridan
have their headquarters. Eminently social, and sometimes even 
convivial, the conversational powers of John L., make him the centre of
social life, and no son of Somerset is more heartily welcomed to her
precincts by his friends and acquaintances.
     SHERIDAN, GEN. PHILIP H., was born in Somerset, March 6, 1831.
His parents were Irish, and had recently emigrated from county Cavan,
in the northern part of their native land. They were members of the
strong Roman Catholic community that had settled in this vicinity, and
young Phil was reared in this faith at St. Joseph's Church. He secured
a fair common school education, and having within him the promise of
better things than the life of an ordinary villager, he obtained a clerkship 
in the hardware store of Mr. Talbot, the best position open to an
aspiring youth in a small town. He proved energetic, faithful and 
intelligent, and his leisure moments were occupied with the study of
mathematic and history, under the kind tutilage of his employer. A
better position with another storekeeper, Henry Dittoe, was offered him
and accepted, but the gifted youth aspired to something better than
selling goods behind the counter of a village store, and faithfully 
continued his studies. A vacancy existed at West Point in the cadetship
of this district, and Gen. Thomas Ritchey, then Congressman from
Perry county, received many applications for the position, supported by
numerous recommendations and, testimonials. He finally received a
simple, straightforward letter, asking that the place be given the writer,
signed by Phil Sheridan. The Representative knew the sturdy lad and
gave him the appointment. Phil was seventeen years old when he bade
farewell to his companions and friends at Somerset and entered West
Point. He graduated with the class of 1853 in his twenty-third year,
and was assigned to duty in that year as Brevet Second Lieutenant on
the frontier of Texas. Until 1861 he served in that State and in Oregon,


except a short time when he was in the East as recruiting officer. When
the great civil strife opened, Lieutenant Sheridan, with the impetuous
eagerness of a young officer, was anxious for the fray, but was quite
modest in his expectations of promotion. The goal of his ambition he
confides to a friend: "Who knows," he writes, "perhaps I may have
a chance to earn a Major's commission."From Oregon he was transferred 
to Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, but the duties to which he was
assigned were civil rather than military in their character, and though
not conforming to his ardent wishes, were performed with faithfulness
and zeal. He audited the claims arising from the operations of the
army in Missouri, and was then sent to Wisconsin to buy horses. In
May, 1862. he was made Colonel of the Second Michigan Cavalry.
His first engagement at Booneville with a greatly superior force under
Gen. Chalmers, in July, 1862, foreshadowed in its brilliant success his
future renown as a military leader, and won for him a commission of
Brigadier-General of volunteers. A volume would scarcely be sufficient
to contain his record during the war. His brilliant and rapid career
and rise to the front rank of the nation's few great chieftains have lifted
him without the narrow limits of Perry county and made him one of
the favorite and honored sons of the whole country. His history and
gallant achievements in the service of his country are as familiar to the
citizens of California and Maine as to the people of his own county and
State. At Perryville and at Stone River his vigor and dash was
strikingly displayed; his rank as Major-General of Volunteers dates
from this latter battle. At Chickamauga, Mission Ridge, and other
engagements, too numerous even to mention, his wonderful capacity
was repeatedly revealed, and "Little Phil Sheridan" had gained the
plaudits of his countrymen, and among the soldiers bore the reputation
of a capital fighter.  It was not till towards the close of the war that his
greatest success was attained. In March, 1864, he was appointed 
Commander of the Cavalry Corps of the Army of the Potomac, and in this
capacity his military genius shone and made him the greatest Cavalry
General in the war. During the twelve months following, he swept the
valley of Virginia, capturing within that period more than two hundred
battle flags, one hundred and seventy field pieces in open fight, and
war munitions and public property of all kinds captured and destroyed
to the value of more than $3,000,000. His command fought seventy-
six battles in eleven months. In August, 1864, he was placed in 
command of the Army of Shenandoah, a position in which his skill in
handling troops, the combination of caution and audacity, the celerity
of movement and fertility of resource which he possessed, had ample
field for exercise. The crowning achievement of his career was at
Cedar Creek. He had been called to Washington, October 13, 1864,
to a military consultation. The enemy, under Longstreet and Early,
had arranged to mass their forces and make a desperate effort to crush
his command. They stealthily approached and fell suddenly upon his
army, which, after a strong resistance, fell back and was in full retreat
when met by their commander on his return from the capital. His famous
ride from Winchester has been immortalized by a distinguished poet.
Meeting his disorganized and fleeing troops, he realized the disastrous
situation at a glance. To the first fugitives he exclaimed, "Face the


other way, boys; face the other way ! We are going to lick them out
of their boots!" His presence restored the confidence of his wearied
men, and inspired them with an enthusiasm to renew the conflict. Hastily 
reforming the shattered lines, he buried them against the advancing
foe and won the most glorious victory of the war. The effect on the
whole army of the East was such, that in sight of Richmond General
Grant ordered a salute of one hundred guns in honor of the event. A
vacancy just then occurring, Sheridan was commissioned Major-
General of the Regular Army, the highest military rank then within the
power of the government to bestow. Subsequently General Sheridan
was transferred to the Southwest, where order and quiet followed all his
movements, and later to the Western frontier. When General Grant
was elected President, and Lieutenant-General Sherman succeeded him
as General, this latter rank fell to Sheridan. In physique he is deep-
chested, short and stout, and his appearance on horseback is most 
striking. "Dashing Phil Sheridan," as he was known, is no less popular
with his men and officers than in society. He was married in 1875.
     SHERMAN, D. H., farmer, born in 1843, in Licking county, Ohio,
post office Thornville; son of John Sherman, who came to Perry county
when his only child, David H., was six years of age. His grandfather,
Eli Sherman, died in Licking county, Ohio. His great grandfather
was Joel Sherman, native of Connecticut, who lost his life at the hands
of the savage while hunting cows on the border, near Marietta. His
great grandfather, Joel, sleeps in peace in the Marietta cemetery. The
grandmother of David H. was Peggy Findlay, and his great grand
mother, the widow of him killed by Indians, lived to be near one
hundred years of age. She married a Mr. Shoeman after the death of
Sherman. The mother of David H. Sherman was Elizabeth Hooper
daughter of Rev. James Hooper, of the Methodist Episcopal
Church. She is a grand daughter of Jacob Hooper, who came to Ohio
early. Rev. James Hooper was a soldier in the War of 1812. His
brothers were Philip, Samuel, Rev. Jacob, Ezekiel and John
Hooper. The brothers of Mrs. Sherman (the mother of David H.
were Jacob, William and David; sisters, Elsa Ortman, Fanny Wise
man and Mary J. Dunaway. Her mother, the wife of Rev. James
Hooper, was Polly Swayzie, and her grandmother's maiden name was
Elsie Milligan. She and her husband are still living in comfort, an
D. H., their only child does the farm work of the homestead, though
he owns a farm of his own adjoining it. This son was in the 126th
Regiment.   He became the husband of Miss Clara Cooper,
daughter of John, of Thorn township.  Her mother was Ruth
Eliza Price, daughter of the venerable Thomas Price, of Hopewell
now in his ninety-first year. Her grandmother was Sarah Freeman,
The father of Thomas Price fought on the British side, but deserted
and fought on the side of liberty, and tradition says by so doing 
forfeited not only his life but a large fortune in England. His life was
spared. He became separated from his brother, Alexander, for many
years; by accident they were restored to each other, the accident
being this: In 1812, Rebecca Hite, of Zanesville, Ohio, took
care of a soldier, sick with measles.  This soldier spoke of one
Alexander Price, who, it happened, was an uncle of Mrs. Hite,


and the lost was found. A good act is never thrown away. This 
woman's kindness to a strange sick soldier was rewarded.  D. A.
Sherman and wife have the following named children: William, John,
Arthur, Alice, Sarah and Ruth---three sons and three daughters. To
school these children, Mr. Sherman erected a school house on his own
land and carved a part of the school district out of Fairfield and a part
out of Perry county. This was a feat in diplomacy no ordinary mind
would even undertake, much less accomplish, in Ohio. He is a 
Democrat, central committee man of his township, and a very thorough
man of affairs---quiet, but very thoughtful.
     SHEELER, JERRY, assistant foundryman, Shawnee, Ohio; was born
May 27, 1827, in Green county, Kentucky, son of Jacob and Elizabeth
(Canon) Sheeler. Was brought up on a farm and followed agricultural 
pursuits to the age of twenty-one years, when he engaged as
keeper of the Bellfont furnace, same county, which position he held
for three years, when he took charge of the farm belonging to this
furnace, together with its steamboat landing on the Ohio River, and
held that position some twelve or fifteen years. From here he went to
Ashland furnace, in Ashland, Greenup, now Boyd county, Kentucky,
where he kept furnace for seven years, with the exceptions of four
months he spent at Nelson furnace, Indiana; then to Ironton, Ohio,
where he was keeper of furnace for five months, at same time assisting
the foundryman. From there he came to Shawnee, Ohio. At first he 
engaged at Fannie furnace as foundryman for three months; and was
there four months on repairs, directly after which he employed with the
XX as assistant foundry man, which position he now holds and has
been incumbent of for sixteen months. Mr. Sheeler was married June
29, 1849, to Mary, daughter of John and Rachel Beason, of Fayette 
county, Pennsylvania. They are the parents of two children, viz.:
Jacob and John. Mrs. Sheeler departed this life June 11, 1854. Mr.
Sheeler was enlisted in the army in September, 1864, serving ten
months, and was engaged in the battle between Hood and Thomas, at
Nashville, Tennessee.  Was mustered out of service in August,
1865; was enlisted in Company H, twenty-sixth Kentucky Regiment,
first brigade second division, twenty-third army corps under Generals
Scofield and Thomas. Mr. Sheeler was again married February 2,
1856, to Mary Ann, daughter of Aaron and Millie Pickerel, of Greenup
county, Kentucky. They are the parents of nine children, viz.: 
Elizabeth, Maggie, Lucy, Edward, Fannie, Henry, Franklin, Minnie and
     SHELLY, D. C., was born in Hopewell township, Perry county,
1817; reared here, and was never out of the State but once, and then
on a visit to relatives in the State of Indiana. He is a successful
farmer by occupation, but exerts a mechanical genius in wood, iron and
stone, having done the chief part of his own building. His father was
George Shelly, son of George Shelly, Senior, who came to Hopewell
township in 1814. D. C.'s father was single then, but soon after was
married to Miss Margaret Cooperider, who had eleven brothers, and
Mrs. Shelly alleges that "each brother had a sister," which is true, for
the reason that she was the only daughter. D. C. Shelly had two
brothers, John, deceased in Indiana, and George, post office Glenford.


He had also two sisters, Margaret, wife of George Deffenbaugh, post
office Thornville, and Elizabeth, wife of Simon P. Swinehart. His
mother died in her sixty-first, and his father in his seventy-seventh
year. D. C. Shelly was married in 1841, to Katharine, daughter of
Peter and Mary Mechling. He began his married life on his father's
homestead, and, as he became able, bought out the heirs in the 
Mechling homestead, subject to the dower of his mother-in-law, Mary
Mechling, until 1850, when he removed to it. Their only two living
children are Elvena, wife of Amos Albert, post office Chalfant's, and
Jefferson, married to Louisa, daughter of Jacob Cooperider.  One
daughter, Emily is deceased. These kind hearted people also tenderly
reared and educated three orphan children, John Baichley and Alfred
Mechling, both of whom became teachers, and Elkana Boyer. The
grandchildren of D. C. and Katharine Shelly (the children of Jefferson
and Louisa Shelly), are Emmit, Dennis, Harvey, Nettie May,
George and Frank. Daniel C. Shelly is among the foremost in 
agricultural pursuits, his farm comprising one hundred and seventy-two
acres, on part of which the town of Glenford is built. His an old time
Lutheran in religion, a Democrat in politics, and firm adherent to 
whatever he regard's as the right.
     SCHENK, WILLIAM HENRY, M. D., Thornville, born 1824, in Fauquier
county, Virginia; is a son of John D., and his mother's maiden name
was Miss Gillian Lloyd. His grandfather, Michael, was also a native
of Virginia, but his great ancestor, the father of Michael Schenk, was
a native of Germany. The grandfather of Doctor Schenk, on his 
mother's side, was George Emory Lloyd, who came with his son-in-law,
John D. Schenk, the father of the doctor, to Ohio in 1834. Grandfather
Lloyd made his home in the Schenk family, near Etna, Licking county,
until his death, at the age of ninety-five. He was a Revolutionary 
soldier, and Doctor Schenk has often heard him relate the experience and
trials of those times. The "bare foot" story, he said, was no fiction.
He had often taken the place of ill clad soldier on sentinel, to keep him
from suffering. He kept a diary and was tempted to print it, but was
as often tempted to abandon it. A work on arithmetic was nearly
ready for the press, but this, too, was allowed to go by default. He
made his own almanacs, and often amused himself with women who
did not like their age to be known, by asking them to tell him the day
of the week, and the day of what month they were born. Having
thus entraped them, he would laugh and say, "now I know your age
exactly," and they would, with equal merriment, chide his supposed
presumption, until he felt himself forced to vindicate the science of
numbers and tell them their age with such accuracy as to astonish them
beyond description. This veteran soldier and arithmetician was a
Virginian of modern fortune, and while living there, owned a few
slaves, and after coming to Ohio, persisted in his pro-slavery views. He
voted for Washington and for every President down to Zachariah
Taylor, in 1848. John D., the father of Doctor Schenk, lived to his
eighty-seventh year, and remained a spry old man to that time. The
brothers of Doctor Schenk are George Emry, post office Fairfield, 
Illinois; Michael A., post office Outville, Ohio; Theodrick L., Newburg,
Arkansas. His sisters are Valeria, wife of Howland White, post office


Cardington, Ohio; Frances G., wife of Myron Bates, Outville, Ohio.
Doctor W. H. Schenk read medicine and graduated at Cleveland in 1852,
in which year he located in Thornville, where he has now been in 
practice for thirty years. In 1854 he married Miss Melinda, daughter of
the late venerable Adam Bogenwright, of Thorn, who lived to the 
remarkable age of one hundred years. Doctor Schenk's children were
six in all, but one died in infancy. The survivors are Valeria K.,
wife of Charles Wilson, Thornville; Miss Francis G., Miss Lilian L.
and George Emry Schenk, a dry goods clerk, and Charles E. at
     SHEPPERD.T. J., merchant, Moxahala, of the firm of Shepperd
and Pile. The same firm also own a store at Rendville. Mr. Shepperd
was born in 1840, in Pleasant township, near Oakfield; went to Wisconsin
in 1858, returned in 1861, enlisted in the Thirtieth Ohio Volunteer 
Infantry; remained in that regiment all through the service, four years.
Hugh Ewing was his Colonel; Theodore Jones, Lieutenant-Colonel,
but Jones was subsequently made Colonel when Ewing was promoted.
He was in the battles of South Mountain, Antietem, Atlanta, Mission
Ridge, Vicksburg; went with Sherman to the sea, and came out of
the war having received but a couple of slight wounds. In 1868 he
married Annie E. Fowler, of Pleasant township, and she died in 1877.
She became the mother of two children, Addie M. and James W. In
1878 he married Parthena Ayers, daughter of Thomas Ayers, of this
township. They have one child, Annie E., born in 1879.
     SHEPPERD, GEORGE W., farmer. Pleasant township, Moxahala post
office; son of Absalom Barney and Sarah (Snelling) Shepperd; his grand
father, Nathanial Shepperd, was born in Baltimore county, Maryland,
his great-grandfather was a native of England. His mother's ancestry
was English and Welsh. His father came from Maryland to Muskingum 
county, and from there to this township in 1831, and entered the
farm where he now resides. In November, 1859, he married Rebecca
M. Brown, of Pike township, who was of Irish descent. Their children
are Hester B., Cora and David E. March 9, 1871, he married Adaline 
McArtor, of Monroe township, who is of English and Scotch 
descent. Their children are, Alice J..William B., Charles S. and two
who died in infancy.
     SHOUGH, P. A., deceased; born at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, in 1824;
died in Somerset, Ohio, in 1881. He married Sophia Price, in Virginia.
and soon removed to Franklin county, Pennsylvania, where he pursued
his trade, tailoring, and where were born, William, single; George,
married, painter; Lizzie, single; Jacob, merchant tailor, married;
Joseph, plasterer, married; Newton, clerk, single, and McClure, clerk,
single. In 1860, P. H. Shough became messenger in the State 
Department under Governor Curtain, of Pennsylvania; moved to Somerset 
in 1870; was an Odd Fellow, and at his death his widow drew $l,000
from the Insurance of the Order.
     SHRIDER, LEVI, farmer, carpenter and generally ingenious; born in
1831 in Reading township; son of Peter Shrider, a stalwart man still living, 
six feet and two inches in his stocking feet. Levi resides on section
20, northeast one-fourth, patented 1805, signed by the great Thomas
Jefferson, President of the United States; and the southwest one-fourth,


1808, in the name of Andrew Hite, father of Samuel, Isaac and John
Hite. This farm contains a renowned spring, strong enough to fill a
tile eight inches in diameter; was used to run a wheel for churning 
butter, for mill purposes, the early resort of hunters, a short distance below
which was a deer lick. A horse mill and still-house were also erected
by "Uncle Sammy Hite." Indian graves were not far distant, but now
these ancient forms are departed. A pear tree grown from the seed,
now thirty inches over the stump, is still in bearing vigor, a few rods
from the big spring, and perhaps on a level twelve feet above it. A
wood pile was placed surrounding it and the chips and rotten dirt had
accumulated around it to the depth of two feet or more, when removed
by Shrider fourteen years ago. This removal exposed some of the
roots and he was compelled to erect a frame of wood around it and fill
this frame with muck from the woods. The tree recovered its former
vigor and yields as high as thirty to forty bushels of pears in one season. 
It has not missed bearing for the last fourteen years, and tradition
says it never did fail, and the same tradition makes Samuel Hite the
first settler of Thorn, and Solomon Whitmer the first white male child
born in Perry or in that territory which now composes it. Levi Shrider
was first married April 4, 1855, to Caroline, daughter of John Auspach,
of Reading township. By this marriage he became the father of six
children, five of whom are now living, to-wit: William H., a blacksmith, 
in Thornville, Ohio; Samuel C., a farmer; David E., John P.,
post office of all, Thornville; and Levi C., post office, Somerset. The
second marriage took place to Miss Sarah, daughter of Joseph
Orr, in 1868. The children of this marriage are, Oswell, Estella, 
Lewis H., Daisy S. and Murray Frederick, now three
years old.  He followed wagon making until competition of 
machinery drove him to carpentering and to farming. He has produced
fine work in the cabinet line, and the pulpit of the Lutheran Church in
New Reading attests his skill. He built his own dwelling and barn,
and these are among the most respectable in beauty and convenience.
His judgment of land and real estate was complimented by his fellow
citizens, by election as land appraiser over a very popular opponent of
the same party. He owns one hundred acres of the best land with the
best of improvements in Thorn township, and when he bought it, in
1868, he went into debt $3,000. The fact that he has paid out and
erected buildings on the land worth $3,000 more, not only assert the 
fertility of the soil, but the best order of financial ability and skill is a 
     SHRIVER, WILLIAM I., Treasurer of Perry county; post office, New
     SIMONS, A. P., mine boss, New Straitsville, Ohio; was born April
9, 1853, in Washington county, Ohio; son of Meigs and Eliza (Hocking) 
Simons; was raised a farmer and continued on the farm until his
twentieth year, when he went to mining in this place, and was engaged
at that and laying track until December, 1881, when he took his present
position with the Straitsville Coal Company. Mr. Simon's great grand-
father came from Vermont to Marietta with a colony and lived in the
fort at that place, and was wounded by the Indians while living there,
and they were obliged to guard their grain fields from incursions by the


red men. After the Indians were driven back, he entered land upon
the Muskingum River, in Washington county, Ohio, where he lived 
until his death.   His grandfather, Hosea Simons, came into possession
of the home farm and lived there until he raised his family, when he
moved into Iowa, where he lived until about 1872, when, he departed
this life. His father remained in Washington county until his death,
which occurred February 18, 1859, in his thirty-second year. His mother
was born and raised in Maryland, and came to Ohio with her parents in
1847, who settled in Washington county, where she lived at the time of
her marriage. Her father lived with his son until his death in November, 
1860, and was in his eightieth year. Her mother lived to be ninety-
eight years of age, and died in October, 1878. Mrs. Simons afterward
married, January 29, 1854, Mr. John Hammond, of Virginia, and with
her family moved in that State, where they lived until the spring of
1866, when they went to Michigan, remaining one year, and then went
into Missouri, living in Ralls county one year, and Audrain county from
that time until 1881, owning two different farms in this county, one in the
south and one in the northern part of said county, owning them at 
different times. While in the northern part of this county, Mr. Hammond
came to his death, October 1, 1871, at the age of sixty years. Mr.
Simons, the subject of this, sketch, returned to Ohio in 1872, and his
mother, Mrs. Hammond, in 1881.  Mr. Simons was married February
6, 1877, to Sarah Holt, born August 24, 1855, in Harrison county, West
Virginia, daughter of William and Catharine, (Gray) Holt.  They became 
the parents of one child, viz.:  Arthur.  Mrs. Simons died August 
2, 1880.  Mrs. Hammond and all of her living children are now
together in the same house in this place.
     SIMS, P. R., weighman, Straitsville Coal Company, New Straitsville, 
Ohio.  He was born at Eagleport, Muskingum county, Ohio; is
of German parentage; a son of Absalom and Christenia (Hartman)
Sims. In 1855 they removed to Cambridge, Guernsey county, Ohio,
where P. R. Sims remained with his parents until the breaking out of
the Rebellion in 1861. His father, at that time, was fifty-nine years old,
and after several ineffectual attempts to enlist, dyed his bearde and hair,
and succeeded. His enlistment was followed by his sons Simon, John,
Isaac, William and P. R., the last enlisting in the spring of 1862 for
three years. He remained the entire time, doing good service, and 
receiving two slight wounds, one at Stone River, and one at the charge of
Mission Ridge, Chattanooga, Tennessee. His Company was A, of
the Ninety-seventh O. V. I. During the term of enlistment, Mr. Sims
participated in twenty-one general engagements, his last being the 
battle of Franklin, Tennessee, one of the severest fought battles of the war;
Wood's entire army was brought to bear on thirteen thousand men, who
eventually came off victorious, killing three to one of the enemy. His
father was killed in the battle of Stone River, Tennessee. His Company 
was B, of the Fifteenth Regiment, O. V. I. His brother William, a
member of Company A, Twenty-second Battery, was killed at the battle
of Cumberland Gap. His brother, Isaac, a member of Company H,
Forty-fifth Illinois Regiment, was killed in the forlorn hope charge on
the blown up redoubt. His brother, Simeon, a member of Company
B, Fifteenth Regiment, O. V. I., was killed at the battle of Mission


Ridge. His brother, John, a member of Company B, Fifteenth Regiment, 
O. V. I., was wounded at Munfordville, Kentucky, and discharged, 
leaving P. R. the last of six members from one family. In
consequence of the sacrifice made by this family, P. R. was offered a
discharge, but declined, preferring to remain and avenge the deaths of
his father and brothers, and aid in putting down the wicked rebellion,
which had caused him and his mother such losses. While in the service,
in 1863, P. R. received a commission as Sergeant of Company A,
Ninety-seventh Regiment, given for meritorious and gallant conduct,
signed by Colonel Milton Barnes, Colonel J. Q. Lane, and Adjutant
Joseph Gossuch, and was always afterwards known as the "boy 
sergeant." He was only fifteen years of age when he enlisted, and made
one of the most gallant records achieved in the late war. After the close,
P. R. returned home, and remained home with his widowed mother,
until 1867, when he enlisted in the regular army, and was sent to San
Francisco, California, where he was assigned to Company A, Ninth
U. S. I., detailed to the mail service on the route on the Bay of San
Francisco. The steamer "General McPherson" was plying from the
city to Angels Island, thence to Alcatrag (bird) Island, thence to 
Presictio, Black Point, Fort Point, Goat Island and return. P. R. remained 
in this service about six months, when an accident occurred, which
literally tore off the steamer to the water's edge, wounding several 
officers and the Captain, Jones.  Several of the officer's ladies were
aboard the steamer at the time. Nearly every man left the steamer but
P. R. and O. H. Gardner, of Lake Village, New Hampshire, who cared
for the wounded and ladies until rescue came. For this bravery,
they were both rewarded. Gardner was detailed to the city as Sergeant 
of the Recruiting Department, and Sims as Clerk in the Medical
Director's office, Department of California. He remained here until
within five months of the expiration of his term, when, on request, he
was transferred to New San Diego, Lower California, in the Quarter-
master's Department, under Captain Cragie. His term expired May
16, 1870, when he returned to Cambridge, Ohio, to fill an engagement
with Minnie Urban, of that place, to whom he was married September
2d. Her father, Gudlib Urban, was born in Leipsic, Germany; her
mother, Catharine (Miller) in Bavaria. They settled in Guernsey
county about 1858. After his marriage, Mr. Sims removed to New
Straitsville, where he now resides, being in the employ of the Straitsville 
Coal Company, as weighman, a position he has filled almost since
coming here.
     SINES, JOHN, mine boss. Corning, Ohio; was born February 16,
1837, in Guernsey county, Ohio; son of Absalom and Christena 
(Hartman) Sines. John's first experience in mining was at Black Rock,
Muskingum county, Ohio, where he went into the mines at six years of
age and remained there until thirteen, when he went to Simmons Creek
and worked in a stone quarry eighteen months. Subsequently he mined
at Zanesville, Cambridge, Nelsonville and Straitsville, Ohio. He came
to his present location in 1880. Mr. Sines was married January 1, 1856,
to Miss Hulda J., daughter of Alexander and Catharine (Hartman)
Teal, of Guernsey county, Ohio. They are the parents of seven 
children and one adopted child, viz.: Leonard D., John A., Annie, Flora


C., Laura C., Herbert, deceased, Etta Dale and Frederick, adopted.
Mr. Sines has given close attention to mining and is now one of the
most experienced miners in Perry county.
     SKINNER, AMOS, farmer, Bearfield township, Portersville post office;
born in Virginia, May 25, 1802; son of Peter and Sarah (Roberts)
Skinner; father of French, and mother of English descent. He 
emigrated to Ohio in 1835 and settled in Madison township, this county,
lived there a little over a year, and resided one year in Clayton township 
before he moved to the farm where he now resides. In 1825, he
married Margaret A. Murrey, of Virginia, daughter of Thomas 
Murrey. They are the parents of the following named children: 
Ferdinand F., married to Elizabeth Hearing. He is deceased. Thomas
P., married to Julia A. Whiley, and resides in Kansas; Amos A., 
deceased; Mary E.; Sarah M., married George W. Murris, resides in
this township; Adaline V., married Ezekiel Rose; John R. married
Harriet Breece, and resides in Kansas; Julia A., who married Lyman
Lamb. He is deceased; Rebecca H., married William Ells of this
township; Elmyra W., married James E. Breece, of this township.
     SKINNER, T. P., farmer and stock raiser, post office Buckeye 
Cottage, Clayton township. Perry county. Ohio; born in this county in 1834;
son of Lemuel and Lucinda (Birch) Skinner. Grandson of Peter and
Sarah (Roberts) Skinner. Mr. Skinner was married in 1860 to Miss
Harriet Brown, daughter of Isaac and Ellinor (Chinoth) Brown. They
are the parents of nine children, viz.: Ernest B., Charles E., Frank
N., William E., Lester R., deceased, Beverly O., Lucy E., Homer
B. and Anna M.
     SKINNER, P. H., Rendville, Perry county, Ohio, was born January
5, 1852, in Monroe township, Perry county, Ohio; son of John and
Mary (Smith) Skinner. At the age of two years his father died leaving
him, his mother and another brother. They lived on a farm in Union
township, Morgan county, Ohio, and he and his brother James, two
years older, attended the district school until he became of age. In
1878 he attended school at New Lexington and taught his first school in
Chapel Hill, which profession he has followed ever since. Was married
January 14, 1881, to Miss Mary Donahoe and located in Rendville in
1881, where he taught a subscription school, and on May 29, 1882, was
elected Justice of the Peace, to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death
of George Thompson.
     SMITH, MAJOR THOMAS J., provision grocer, east side of Main
street. New Lexington, Ohio. Major Smith was born, March 16, 1846,
in this place; son of James and Eliza Smith. In March, 1862, he 
enlisted in Company G., Sixty-first O. V. I., and veteraned in March,
1864. The second week after his return from the war he entered school
and attended about seven months. In April, 1866, established his 
present business, in which he has been successful. Major Smith was 
married February 22, 1870, to Miss Madglin, daughter of John and 
Catharine (Shorr) Fox. They are the parents of three children, viz.: Mary
Frances, Thomas J. and Catharine.
     SMITH, JOHN D., merchant, Shawnee, Ohio, was born December 29,
1846, in Limerick, Ireland; son of David and Ellen (Burke) Smith.
Mr. Smith was raised a mechanic and emigrated to America about the


age of nine years with his mother, a brother and a sister, settling in 
Dunkirk, New York. His father died while he was yet quite young and for
a few years he was obliged to face the storms of life, but he had the
courage to tell his mother that he could provide for himself and assist
her. He was first employed upon a steamboat plying on Lake Erie from
Dunkirk to Toledo, Cleveland, Detroit and Buffalo, where he remained
nine months, and then went to Pennsylvania "to strike oil," but not 
being successful, he was employed in a brick yard at three dollars per
day, in the fall of 1865, remaining during the brick making season of
that year, when he returned to Corry, New York, and was employed at
the A. & G. W. railroad shops. After remaining with them in the
yards for some time, he learned upholstering with them and remained in
this place until the fall of 1866, when the shops were moved to
Franklin Mills, Portage county, now known as Kent, and where he 
remained until 1868; at this time he became a journeyman, went to Pitts-
burgh, failed to get employment and there became a peddler, continuing
three months, From Pittsburgh he went to Steubenville, Ohio, and was
employed with Thomas Denmead, master mechanic of the P. C. & St.
L. R'y, remaining until the next spring, when he was sent to Dennison,
Ohio, where he stayed until fall and returned to Steubenville, 
upholstering until 1870, and was then sent to Lancaster, Ohio, to take
charge of the upholstering department of the C. & M. V. R'y shops in
that place, from where he went, in 1872, to the diamond fields of Africa.
In April of 1872 he received a letter from a Mr. Stickney, a former shop
mate of that place, asking him how he would like to go on an adventure 
to Africa, when he replied, "I'm your Moses," and on April 27,
left Lancaster to join him with a Mr. Hall, of Zanesville. This party,
on May 3, left for New York and passed over the Alleghanies at night,
losing sight of the horse shoe bend, thinking they had lost a great piece
of natural scenery, but it could not vie with what came in their way
afterward, in the form of mountains. Arrived at New York May 4,
where they took the steamer Angeline, of the Anchor Line, for
Glasgow, Scotland, where they arrived May 21.  A few days
previous to their arrival, President Grant had made a demand
on the British Government for the Alabama Indemnity, which gave
them some trouble to get through the Kingdom. They remained in this
city, Glasgow, two days, visiting the Cathedral and other places of note.
From here they went to Melrose on the Tweed, where they visited Sir
Walter Scott's residence, Dryburg and Abbey, where this noted bard
of romance sleeps his last sleep; also, other places of interest. The
next day they arrived at Carlisle and stayed one night, and thence to
London, the greatest city of the world, arriving May 29, and the next
day booked for South America on the steamer Norseman, and sailed
from Southampton, June 10, having remained here for rest and 
recuperation, as they had been wonderfully sea sick from New York to 
Glasgow, sailing with high winds and rough sea. The first evening out
from Southampton they again were all sick and all the way across the
Bay of Biscay and until they reached Madeira Island on Sunday, June
18, which they all hailed with gladness after eight days sailing in bad
weather. Smith says it is the most beautiful place in the world.
Funchal City is the capital, and here they remained until seven o'clock


P. M., visiting churches and objects of interest. The island is so very
steep that sledges are the only mode of conveyance, many of which
are models of convenience and beauty, drawn by oxen. At eight
o'clock they weighed anchor in good spirits from indulgence in wine
cellars. The next sight of land was the Canary Islands and the peak
of Teneriffe; from Teneriffe they sailed seventeen days to the Island
of St. Helena, where they dropped anchor in Jamestown Bay and landed 
on July 4. Here they went up Main street, a shabby affair too, where
they found the Consul building, where all the foreign consuls were to be
found, each one represented by the flag of his country, which in one
common breeze floated aloft, and all are equal. Among them there were
nine Americans, who, when they came to the Stars and Stripes, dropped 
their hats and gave three cheers for the Emblem of Liberty. They
were W. C. Stickney, of Steubenville, Ohio; Ed. Hall, of Zanesville,
Ohio. William A. Walsh and W. H. Wiley, of Richmond, Virginia;
John Osborne, of Montana, Territory; William Battenhouse, of New
York City, and the subject of this sketch. Next they visited the former 
residence and the tomb of Napoleon, the First, where they were permitted 
to pluck a few geranium leaves in remembrance of the great warrior, 
and drank refreshing draughts from the very spring that once
quenched the thirst of the sleeping warrior, whose deeds of valor has
served the arm of many a soldier since. To this place from Jamestown it
was six miles, but they returned ready to continue the voyage at about sun
set from the mountainous journey. At eight o'clock they were again
sailing, this time for the cape. Their visit at this place was on July
4, and having asked the cabin privilege of Captain Coxwell, they, the
Americans, had pre-arranged to celebrate it by a dinner.  This
project met with some difficulty upon a British steamer, as the English
aboard opposed it and began to ridicule America and its celebration of
that memorable day. They would sing "Rule Britannia" and other songs.
At length the Americans armed themselves, being determined not to be
thwarted by such opposition, and then warned the British that if it was
necessary it would come to the worst. At this the British kept mute.
Just previous to serving the meal, a Flag Lieutenant of Rear Admiral
Campbell, who was bound for the cape, looked into the cabin and espied
that the Stars and Stripes was above the Union Jack in the display 
arranged, and raised objection, complained to Captain Coxwell, that as
he was carrying English mail it should not be permitted and to save
trouble, by the Captain's request, they changed the arrangement and
hung all the ensigns on a line in equal height. Supper was served and
a good time was enjoyed with three invited guests, officers of the steamer. 
The next day a draft of resolutions were drawn, thanking the Captain 
for his kindness, which were handed him. On July 13, they landed 
at Capetown. The first land seen upon its approach was Table
Mountain, a distance of one hundred and eighty miles away. The
mountain stands 4,600 feet above the sea. The voyage was made in
thirty-three days and a half. Upon landing they found business brisk
and the streets filled with groups of Kaffirs, Malays, Hindoos, half
breeds, etc., many of whom were drunk on Cape Smoke whisky. The
first night came on and they slept upon the vessel and the next morning
arose at four o'clock to witness one of the grandest of sunrises, which


they often saw, even in more grandeur than that, during their four years
stay in Africa. Notwithstanding the beauty, mentioned, the barren
waste of Africa, for four long years left nothing to be remembered with
pleasure, only the monotony of a waste desert and Karroo remains.
The reflections of home and the fertile soil of America kept a spirit of
hope alive in the breast of again, through the kindness of Providence,
enjoying its scenery and dying amidst its luxuries. On July 19, they
started for the diamond fields; traveled by rail eighty miles to 
Wellington, arriving at noon. This is near Bains Kloof, or mountain. After
dinner they took stage and at sun set they reached the summit of the
mountain. Took a supper at Constable, a poor substitute for American
luxuries. Constable is a relay station. There were now thirteen 
passengers for the diamond fields. Horses were changed every three or
four hours. Traveled for six consecutive days by stage, by way of
Buffalo Rivers, passing river beds every mile or two, but only two had
any water, those of the Orange and Moder. Next they reached Worcester 
at twelve o'clock at night. July 24, they reached Victoria West;
here they slept five hours, having only two hour's sleep previous to that
since they started for the fields. At this place they saw the first ostriches 
in Africa. The next place was Queenstown, one of the best towns
upon the way. They next arrived at Jacobs Noll, on the Moder
River, and on July 27, arrived upon the fields, having traveled about
one thousand miles by stage in seven days and a half. Upon the way
the first curious thing that attracted attention was the cape sheep. Its
tail was so large that it was supported upon a small wagon to enable it
to go about. The sheep would weigh about seventy-five pounds and
its tail about thirty-five pounds. The tail of this sheep is used instead
of butter for their bread, and is the much more valuable part of the
mutton, which is quite sweet. At one place they took breakfast with a
Kaffir who lived in a long log house with a cane thatched roof, and built
the fire in the middle of the floor with no stove or fire place or chimney.
They seemed, to live in keeping with their filthy life. July is a winter
month there, and during their journey they had heavy frosts. The
sight of the fields was something new. Europeans in their native attire
and Kaffirs in their nudeness standing about in groups. With difficulty
they obtained lodging for the night. Upon the next morning they
struck for the American camp, where they found Mr. Flynn, Mr. 
Lancaster and a Mr. Seiber, all from Chicago, Illinois, of whom they 
obtained the use of a small tent, in which eight of the party slept upon a
small litter of straw for one week, when they purchased tents for 
themselves. At that time they procured tools for diamond digging. The
business proved unprofitable for two months, after which they met
with some success, but what they endured upon the diamond fields was
an experience worth years of life in some quiet work. The heat, the
dust storm, the fleas and many pests, would test the hearts of the bravest. 
Smith found some valuable diamonds. Of the party John Osborne 
died at Pilgrims Rest, in the Transvoal. Mr. Stickney died in
May, 1873, on the Bay of Biscay, on his way home. Walsh and Wiley
returned to Richmond, Virginia, in 1874. Smith returned in June of
1876, starting on Good Friday in April. Mr. Smith's heart gave thanks
to Providence for his health and success through the rough and hard


trials of the diamond fields and set out for his native land, which he now
fully realized was the land of corn and wine, but twelve hundred miles
distant. The journey he was permitted to make in safety by an overland 
route to Algoa Bay, from where he took a steamer; stopping at
Capetown two days, he sailed for England, via the Island of Madeira;
landed in South Hampson, May 21, 1876, and took a railroad train for
London, May 31, and set sail from Liverpool for Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, arriving in thirteen days and a half by the steamer Lord.
Here he remained six days visiting the Centennial Exposition, and on
his way back visited Baltimore, Washington and Richmond, Virginia,
and landed at Lancaster, from whence he started. After his return he
married Mary Jane Bougher, daughter of Peter and Mary Jane (Burke)
Bougher; soon after which he went to Texas. After he had been gone
four months his wife, whom he had left at her father's, died, May 13,
1877, after seven day's illness, leaving a new born babe which also
died six weeks after. From this sad scene in life he returned to Lancaster 
and worked there until the spring of 1878, when he came to Shawnee 
and opened in business, and in May, 1879, was married to Alice,
daughter of Neil and Ann (Fealty) Coyle, of Perry county, Ohio. To
them was born one child, viz.: Nellie Ann. Mr. Smith's mother, who
was born in Limerick, Ireland, and his brother and sister are living in
Preston, Iowa.
     SMITH, LEONARD C., editor, Weekly Banner, Shawnee, Ohio; was
born December 3, 1861, in Licking county, Ohio; son of Sidney and
Annie (Lawrence) Smith. His father was a soldier in the late war,
and died in the service, soon after Leonard C. was born. The father
and son never saw each other. Young Smith began the printer's trade
when thirteen, and at sixteen was editor. He assumed his present charge
in January, 1881. The paper in his management has rapidly increased
in popularity, and bids fair to be a success.
     SMOCK, JOHN M., farmer, Shawnee, Ohio; was born October 24,
1829, in Greencastle, Fairfield county, Ohio; son of John and Margaret 
(Mathews) Smock. Was brought up on a farm, and followed agricultural 
pursuits up to 1872, at which time he changed his occupation
to that of teamster; teaming at Five Mile Furnace, south of Logan,
four years; at XX Furnace, Shawnee, three years. Furnished iron
ore by contract, from Iron Ore Point, for the Fannie Furnace, one year;
furnishing all the ore the furnace used during that time; and was 
engaged about the furnace until November, 1881, when he took charge of
the stables which he has controlled up to this time. Mr. Smock was
married May 13, 1858, to Mary V. Russell, daughter of William and
Catharine (Wenner) Russell of Uniontown, Muskingum county, Ohio.
They are the parents of ten children, viz.: William L., Elmer E.,
Sarah C., Emma L., Harriet V., Minnie B., Robert Russell, Ella May,
John Clarence, and Mary Estella, all living. Mr. Smock served as a
carpenter in the army during the late Rebellion, enlisting May, 1863,
and remained until October of same year; and upon his return, he 
volunteered with the O. N. G., and served four months in the Shenendoah
Valley under General Siegle, when he was honorably discharged and
returned home to his family.
     SMOOT, JOHN, telegraph operator, Shawnee, Ohio; was born


February 10, 1856, in Fairfield county, Ohio; son of Solomon and Rachel
(Pannebecker) Smoot. Mr. Smoot was brought up on a farm, and 
followed agricultural pursuits until he was twenty-one years of age, when
he employed as clerk at Sugar Grove, in the (Columbus & Hocking Valley 
Railroad office, where he remained about one year, after which
they sent him to Lancaster, Ohio; Logan, Ohio; and Nelsonville, Ohio,
as clerk. Came to Shawnee next, where he has been clerking and
studying telegraphy for six or seven months, and up to this time, and is
now engaged as operator for the C. & H. V. R. R.
     SNYDER, SAMUEL, was born in 1843, in Clayton township. Perry 
county, Ohio; a son of Peter Snyder. His mother's maiden name was 
Ellen Dean. He was married in 1865, to Miss Margaret, daughter of
Michael Reynolds. The children are: Mary, Ellen, Catharine, Mattie,
Dora, Maggie and Stephen A. The brothers of Samuel are: Jacob,
William, Joseph, Austin, Alfred, Thomas and Nicholas. In 1881, Samuel 
Snyder became a successful candidate for county commissioner, and
his hotly contested nomination against a field of worthy and formidable
competitors, was ratified at the following election, and he is now serving 
the people of his native county with great devotion to the general welfare. 
He is a working man, and in partnership with his brothers, carries 
on three portable saws and one planing mill. The hands with these
mills often camp near the saw, do their own cooking, and thus reduce
the expenses to the minimum, while the profits are kept up to the 
maximum, by judicious purchases of timber, by large contracts of lumber
to the trade abroad, and the conversion of much suitable material into
flooring and other forms for building, for bridges, and so on. The 
extortionate rates of freight charged by the B. & O. Railroad, is assigned
as sufficient reason for removing the planing mill from Somerset to some
other point, where competition for freight is likely to insure better
     SOPHER. J. H., senior partner of the Corning Weekly Times, was
born May 12, 1849, near Pennsville, Morgan county, Ohio; son of J.
D. and Julia (Newlon) Sopher. Mr. Sopher was removed from his
place of nativity when a child, to Rosseau, Morgan county, Ohio, where
he remained until manhood, when he was engaged as a clerk in a store
for about three or four years, and then engaged in business for himself,
selling drugs, medicines, etc., which he continued eighteen months in
Rosseau, when he moved his business to Ringgold, where he was 
appointed post master. At this place he remained eighteen months, and
then moved to Junction City, Perry county, Ohio, having previously
disposed of his goods, but continued as post master, employing a deputy
for nine months, at which time he had the deputy appointed post master.
At Junction City he was employed at various kinds of business;
where he remained about two years, when he was obliged to leave on
account of the ill-health of his family. From there he went to near
Portersville, Perry county, Ohio, where he was engaged at various 
pursuits-publishing a small amateur monthly known as the Comic Visitor,
remaining there until November, 1880, then came to this place , where
he continued the publication of the paper, and in a short time afterward,
made it a semi-monthly, changing the name to the Corning Times, issuing 
it at fifty cents per year. Again, in June, 1881, he changed the issue


to a weekly, and made it a five-column folio, for one dollar per year;
and in December, 1881, took into partnership Mr. George S. Weaver,
of Columbus, Ohio, which firm continues as Sopher &Weaver. 
August 31, 1882, they again enlarged the paper to a seven-column folio,
and issued it at one dollar and fifty cents per year. It was the first, and
is now the only, paper published in the Sunday Creek valley mining 
districts, and is neutral in politics. Mr. Sopher was married February 18,
1875, to Miss Mary F., daughter of Lazarus and Lorena (Shepard)
Pierce, who lived near Ringgold, Morgan county, Ohio. This union
has been blessed by two children, viz.: Allie May,and William H.
Mr. Sopher's father was a former resident of Virginia, and afterward
of Pennsylvania, but came to Ohio at an early date, and settled in 
Morgan county, of which he remained a citizen up to the time of his death,
which occurred during the late civil war, dying April 22, 1862, at 
Savannah, Tennessee, a soldier in his country's cause. His mother also
came from the eastern States, marrying after she came to Ohio, and is
still a venerable resident of Rosseau, Ohio. Mrs. Sopher's parents
came to Ohio from Pennsylvania, during the pioneer period, and were
married in this State, living near Ringgold, Morgan county, Ohio, up
to the time of their deaths. Mr. Pierce died in 1862, and Mrs. Pierce
died in 1874.
     SOUSLIN, ISAAC, farmer; post office, Somerset, Ohio; born in 1838.
in Perry county; is a son of Jacob Souslin, and his wife, Sarah E.,
daughter of Michael Lutz. His grandfather, Martin Souslin, was a
resident of Licking county, Ohio, where he deceased. Isaac was married 
in 1865, to Miss Nancy Stickel. He enlisted in Company.G, Thirty-first 
Regiment, O. V. I., and served to the end of the war. He was
partner in a tan yard for six years, with his brother-in-law, Charles
Stickel; farmed rented land two years; and in 1876, he bought in 
section 35, Hopewell, of William Parks. He has greatly improved this
farm, and demonstrated the power of industry and good husbandry in
production of good crops. The children are: Charles F., John R.,
Laura W., Sarah K., Louisa Ellen, Mary Alice, Bertha Olive, William
Henry, Daniel Richard, and James A. Garfield Souslin. Mr. and Mrs.
Souslin are Lutheran in religion, and add to the comforts of home the
light of the newspapers and the contentment of Christians.
     SPARKS, LEROY B., carpenter, Shawnee, Ohio; was born February
15, 1854, in Bowling Green, Licking county, Ohio; son of William and
Elizabeth (Brady) Sparks. Was raised upon a farm to the age of eleven
years, when his father moved into Brownsville, same county, and with
whom he made his home until he was eighteen years of age, when he
came to Shawnee, Ohio. He learned the carpenter trade while at home
with his father. Upon coming to Shawnee, he first employed with the
New York and Straitsville Coal and Iron Company, as a carpenter, and
worked six months; and has been employed at that business at the 
following places: London, Madison county, Ohio, two months; Upson
Coal Company, Shawnee, Ohio, one year; Odd Fellows' Hall, this
place, for B. Hollenbach,two months. At this time he returned to his
father's home, and remained three months, during which time he was
married to Jessie M., daughter of George W. and Alcinda (Fry) Holmes,
of Brownsville, Licking county, Ohio. They are the parents of two


children, viz.; Edward P. and Allie Grace. After his marriage he
returned to Shawnee, Ohio, where he has remained up to this time, and
has been employed at his trade upon contracts for Swartz, three months;
assisted in building the M. E. church; for XX Coal and Iron Company, 
one year; on contracts with John Campbell, two months; at Fannie 
Furnace, three months; again at XX Furnace, about one year; and
with the New York and Straitsville Coal and Iron Company, up to this
     SPENCE, THOMAS, mine boss at No. 9, Rendville, Ohio; was born
June 2, 1840, in England. At eight years of age he went into the mines
of England, where he worked until 1863, when he came to Allegheny
county, Pennsylvania, and remained about one year; then came to 
Bellaire, Ohio, and was mine boss there about six years. He came to the
Hocking coal district about 1872, and to his present place in 1879. Mr.
Spence was married June 19, 1858, to Miss Margaret, daughter of 
Robert and Anne (Maughan) Bickerton, of England. They adopted a
child, Catharine, married to Mathew Robson, and Elizabeth and Anne.
Mr. Spence has had an extensive experience in mining, and thoroughly
understands the business.
     SPENCER, HENRY W., farmer, Reading township, post office 
Somerset; son of William C., and grandson of William Spencer, who was
born in 1772, and came to Perry county in 1805, his wife being Martha
Love, a sister of Thompson Love's mother, and of Irish descent. Henry's 
grandfather died in his eighty-eighth year, and his grandmother
nine years prior to this event. His father was born on the Spencer
homestead in 1808, and is yet living, while his mother died therein her
sixty-eighth year. Her maiden name was Weirick. Her sons were
Horace, shot to death by one Harvey in an altercation in Omaha; John,
who resides in Dayton, Ohio; and Harry, who resides upon the 
homestead of his ancestry, near Somerset. Her daughters were Louisa
Cain, Ellen Overmeyer, Martha Law, and Ann Shirley, all deceased,
leaving Henry and John the only survivors. The family is of Old
School Baptist belief, and Whig, or Republican in politics. Henry was
in Company E, Seventeenth Ohio, and Company I, One Hundred and
Fourteenth Ohio, and served as a soldier to the end of the late war.
He was united in marriage May l, 1866, to Miss Emma Keys, a daughter 
of the late Thomas and Elizabeth Keys, whose maiden name was
Henderson. The family at present comprises Father Spencer, his
granddaughter, Henrietta Overmeyer, Miss Belle, the sister of Mrs.
Henry Spencer, and four children, viz.: Charles, May, Paul and Nellie.
The Spencer homestead, under the proprietorship of Henry, its present
chief, maintains its ancient reputation for social hospitality and 
intelligence. It has fallen to his lot to live where his grandparents died,
where his father was born, where his mother bade him a last farewell,
and where, also, three of his sisters returned to receive paternal care in
their last sickness. It was his uncle, Eli Spencer, who represented
Perry and Muskingum in the Senate of Ohio, and the public has 
indicated its partiality towards Henry also. In the fall of 1880 he was
elected land appraiser in Reading township by fifty majority, when
the party of his worthy opponent carried the township by one hundred
and forty majority for Hancock.


     SPIECE, PHILIP, born in Prussia, came to America when young and
settled in Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, and there married 
Susannah Merchant. His sons, Peter and David, were born in Pennsyl-
vania, and Adam in Reading township; the latter married Miss Odlin,
and has one son living in Dayton. Philip came to Ohio in 1809, and
settled where David now lives. Was of the Reformed church, and a
     SPIECE, DAVID, born January 3, 1807, second son of Philip,
who, with his son Peter, bought the homestead and who then bought
Peter's share. Married, for his first wife, Mary M. Houtz, by whom
he had the following living children: Susan, wife of Abner Rarick, a
farmer, five children; Daniel, farmer, one son and two daughters; 
Solomon, carpenter, bachelor, Dayton, Ohio; Lydia, wife of John Price,
farmer, Paulding county, Ohio; George, married to Isabel Bowman,
farmer and miller, has four sons and one daughter, Paulding county, Ohio;
Sarah, single, at home; Peter, married to Cecelia Mitchell, farmer, two
sons and two daughters, Fairfield county. David, married a second wife,
Katharine (Voght) Davis in 1848, by which union he had four children;
those living are Jane C., Almedea S., wife of Henry Baker, who has
one son and three daughters, farmer, Reading township; John W.,
teacher, farmer, single. His taxes, $40 per year now, have been as high
as $100 during the war. He kept wood fires exclusively to within a
few years; has used tobacco fifty years; drinks from a hard water
spring, and has lived on the same place for seventy-three years, and
has voted at the same poll for fifty-three years, the Democratic ticket up
to 1854, and the Republican ticket since then. He is a member of the
Methodist Church, and one of the few early settlers.
     SPIRER, DANIEL, day laborer, Shawnee, Ohio, was born February
27, 1849, in Fairfield county, Ohio, son of Ambrose and Theresa Spirer.
Mr. Spirer was brought up on a farm and followed agricultural pursuits 
until he was twenty-one years of age, at which time he engaged
in huckstering and assisting in a store for two years, and then moved
to Shawnee in 1873, where he has been engaged in trimming coal upon
railroad, digging ore, and hotel business up to this time. He now owns
eight and one quarter acres of land with a substantial frame dwelling
upon it, just out of corporation limits of Shawnee. Was married July
20, 1870, to Regena, daughter of Adam and Frances (Cable) Bock, of
Fairfield county, Ohio. They are the parents of six children, viz.:
Theresa Ann, Adam, Cecily, Joseph, William, and Margaret, all living
at home.
     SPRINGER, EZEKIAH, farmer, Saltlick township, post office. 
Hemlock, Ohio, son of Daniel and Jane (Jones) Springer, was born March
29, 1823, in Harrison county. Ohio, Mr. Springer was raised a
farmer, and has followed agricultural pursuits to the present time.
Lived in his native county until he was thirteen years of age, when, with
his father, he came to the farm of one hundred and sixty acres, upon
which he now resides. His father entered this land, paying $1.25
per acre. He built his cabin, cleared the farm, and lived upon it
until 1846, when he sold it to his sons Ezekiah and Rezin. Mr. E.
Springer has added twenty acres to his eighty acres and much improved
the farm, having erected a fine farm residence. He also assisted in


cutting the logs and building the first cabin upon the farm. Mr.
Springer has been deacon of the Christian or Disciple Church about
twenty-five years. Was married October 3, 1853, to Catharine, daughter 
of John and Rebecca (Avery) Condon, of Salt Lick township, this
county. They are the parents often children, viz.: Benjamin F.,
Mary, William, Rebecca, John, Alice, Lewis, Granville, Lillie and
     SPRINGER, BENJAMIN F., farmer, Saltlick township, post office,
Hemlock, Ohio, was born in this township; son of Ezekiah and 
Elizabeth (Condon) Springer. Was brought up on a farm, and has followed
agricultural pursuits to the present time. When twenty-one years of age,
he went to Union county, Ohio, and worked upon a farm three years,
when he returned home and was married, September 1, 1877, to Almira
J., daughter of Simeon and Elizabeth J. (Storer) Sanders, of what is
now Coal township. They are the parents of two children, viz.: Alton
J., and Effie B. In about one year after his marriage he moved to
Clark county, Iowa, where he remained about three years and six
months, when he returned and located on his present farm near 
Hemlock, Ohio.
     STALLSMITH, JOHN S., manufacturer of woolen goods. Hemlock
Ohio; born October 19, 1833, in Harrison county, son of George and
Elizabeth (Springer) Stallsmith. Mr. Stallsmith was brought up on a
farm and followed farming until he was twenty-three or twenty-four
years of age, when he began working at the carpenter trade, which he
followed for about four years.   He then enlisted in the army, in
1861, for three years, or during the war, and served up to the holidays
of 1863, when he veteranized for three years, or during the war, and
served up to August, 1865, when he was discharged by reason of the
close of the war. Mr. Stallsmith enlisted as a drummer and refused
two proffered promotions to First and Second Lieutenant, as it would
have taken him from his company, but was discharged as First 
Sergeant. He served in Company A, Thirty-first Regiment, O. V. I., in
the Army of the Cumberland, First Division, Fourteenth Army Corps
and was in the following engagements: Mill Springs, Kentucky, 
January 19, 1862; Siege of Corinth, Mississippi, May, 1862; Perryville,
Kentucky, October 8, 1862; Shepperdsville, Kentucky, 1862; Cages
Ford, Tennessee, November 22, 1862; Stone River, December 30, 1882
to January 2, 1863; Hoover's Gap, June 26, 1863; Tullahoma, June 30,
1863; Chickamauga, Sept. 19 and 20, 1863; Mission Ridge, Tennessee,
November 25, 1863; Resaca, Georgia, May 14, 1864; Tunnel Hill,
Georgia, May 8, 1864; Dalton, Georgia, May 12, 1864; Dallas Gap,
Georgia, May 27, 1864; Pine Mountain, Georgia, June 19, 1864; 
Kennesaw Mountains, Georgia, June 24, 1864; Chatahoochie River, Ga.,
July 5, 1864; Peachtree Creek, Georgia, July 20, 1864; Atlanta, Ga.,
September 2, 1864; Jonesboro, Georgia, September 1, 1864; Nashville;
Savannah; Averysboro, North Carolina, March 16, 1865; Bentonville,
North Carolina, March 19, 1865; and on Sherman's March to The Sea.
Upon returning home he purchased a store in Millersville, which he
owned about six months, when he sold the store and engaged in 
running a saw-mill for about six years, after which he went into the woolen
manufactory which he continued up to 1881, when he quit but again


resumed, and was the cause of Hemlock being built, by the establishment of
the woolen mill.   He is now Justice of the Peace of Saltlick township,
and has served several terms as township trustee, and as school director.
Mr. Stallsmith was married December 29, 1865, to Hannah, daughter of
James and Eliza (Veil) Ball, of Coal township. They are the parents
of four children, viz.: Eva May, Eliza Helena, William Hermon and
Cora Jane. By his first wife he had three children, viz.: Jacob Geo.,
John W. and Mary Elizabeth.
     STALTER, JOSEPH, farmer, post office New Lexington, Clayton
township. Perry county, Ohio; born in this county in 1848; son of John
and Mary (Stakely) Stalter; the former died in 1880. Mr. Stalter was
married, in 1869, to Miss Mary Snider, daughter of Peter and Ellen
(Dean) Snider. They are the parents of seven children, viz.: John
P., Lucy, deceased; William P., Mary E., Gertrude, Thomas V. and
Jessie, deceased.
     STEVENSON, JAMES, engineer, Rendville, Ohio; was born August 19,
1838, in Clarion county, Pennsylvania; son of Samuel and Susan 
(Kissinger) Stevenson.  When a child his parents moved to Lawrence
county, Pennsylvania, where he made his home until he became a man,
after which he made his home in Ohio and Pennsylvania. He came
to his present residence in 1879. Mr. Stevenson was married July 7,
1860, to Miss Eva E., daughter of David and Catharine Kennedy, of
Lawrence county, Pennsylvania. They are the parents of two children, 
viz.: George M., married to Anne I. George, of Perry county,
Ohio, and Laura, who died in infancy.
     STEWART, JOHN, born in 1836, in county Donegal, Ireland; came to
America in 1852; revisited Ireland, England, the isle of Man and 
Scotland in 1865. His marriage is referred to in the Hammond biography.
His brothers are James, George, Hugh, Thomas and Gilbreth. His sisters 
are Ann, Jane, Mary and Lucy, all in Ireland. His mother's
maiden name was Nancy Meldrem. After learning the blacksmith trade,
and visiting different parts of the United States, and meeting with some
thrilling adventures on the frontier, Mr. Stewart married and settled on
the Hammond homestead, to which his industry and thrift have added
many acres and much improvement. He ranks among the foremost
farmers in enterprise and intelligence, and is the founder of a new
American house of Stewart.
     STEWART, JAMES, miner, New Straitsville; he was born in Tyrone
county, Ireland, September 16, 1842; is a son of Hugh and Jane 
Stewart, natives of Ireland. He came to America in 1859, and settled in
Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, where he remained until 1861; he then
came to Athens county, Ohio. In 1864, he married Mary Duffey, whose
parents were natives of Ireland. Mr. Stewart came to New Straitsville
in 1871, and began mining coal for the Straitsville Mining Company,
by whom he is yet employed. He has, by his industry, accumulated
the home where he now resides.
     STICKEL, CHARLES, son of Daniel M. Stickel, who was born in
Hesse Cassell, Germany in 1798, and died in Somerset, O., in 1861, at
the age of sixty-three years; his wife was Katharine Staffinger. They
brought with them three children to the State of Virginia, in 1833, where
they remained about six years. They came to Somerset in 1839. Their


sons are John, in Van Wert, Ohio; Daniel and Charles in Somerset,
Ohio.   The daughters are Emily Parkeson, post office Somerset;
Catharie Parkeson, of Newark; Maria, of Somerset; Mary Fromm, of
Canal Winchester; Nancy Souslin, near Somerset. Charles Stickel
was married to Phidelia J. Jones, daughter of Jehu B. Jones. He finished 
work as an apprentice at the tanning trade in 1867, and now owns
the residence and tannery of his preceptor. He volunteered in 
Company G, Thirty-first Regiment, O.V.I., Captain Jackson in 1861; was
wounded November 25, 1863, at Mission Ridge; re-enlisted and was
honorably discharged July 23, 1865. He has added the Forquair, to the
Poorman estate and tannery, works three hands, and his leather is
sought for at home and abroad. He is Lutheran in religion, Republican in
politics, arid his career illustrates the rewards of patriotism, sobriety, 
industry and plodding perseverance. His mother is yet living at the age
of eighty-one, to which advance period of life she has arrived without
the aid of snuff or tobacco.
     STILLMAN, T. SPENCER, born March 26, 1823, in Weathersfield,
Hartford county, Connecticut; son of Deacon Ebenezer Stillman, and
the youngest of twelve children.  His mother's maiden name was Miss
Rhoda Francis, said to be the most handsome woman in her vicinity.
The children are Frank, of Hamilton, New York; Ebenezer, deceased;
John, who died in Mobile, and whose sons were in the Rebel service;
Henry, Hartford, Connecticut; Lewis, Newark, New Jersey; Thomas
Spencer, of Somerset; Mary, widow of John Doubleday, and mother
of Henry S. Doubleday, deceased, of Somerset; Fanny, widow of 
Frederick S. Moors, of the United States Navy; Eliza, died at thirty-two
years of age; Anna, still living; Rhoda, widow of C. W. Badger, 
Newark, New Jersey, and Caroline, died in infancy.  T. Spencer Stillman
was married November 14, 1850, to Mrs. Swayzie, a young and beautiful 
widow, whose maiden name was Miss Sylvia Dawes, cousin of Senator 
Dawes, of Massachusetts. At first his father was a shoemaker, but
soon became owner of several tracts of those rich and beautiful lands
bordering on the Connecticut River, near Weathersfield. Thomas was
educated as a dry goods clerk, became a clerk of a steamer, plying 
between Hartford and New York, then a dry goods merchant on his own
account in Hartford, thence removed his store to Hamburg, South Carolina, 
where he was during the Mexican War,becoming acquainted there
with Brooks and other celebrities of that State; sold out in 1848 and
embarked in the produce trade in Springfield, Massachusetts, where he
was captivated by the charms of his present wife, then became a farmer
near Weathersfield, which business he followed for three years, and then
March 19, 1853, came to Somerset to join W. S. French, a cousin, in
the sub-contracts on the old Scioto and Hocking Valley Ry., under the
chief contractors, Seymore, More & Company, who "pegged out," as
Tom says in his curt reference to those times, "and left me $9,000 short of
money paid out of my private means for labor, but no man can say I
owe him a dollar for work done on the railroad." He has judgments
in Licking and Perry Courts vs Seymore, More & Co., amounting to
over $50,000, but in those days a laborer had no lien on the road his 
labor and his money constructed. Mr. Stillman, and his amiable wife,
have not been blessed with children, but their hearts and hands are


open to the unfortunate, and though their ship has met with rude 
buffetings on the ocean of life they are comfortably moored in its afternoon,
and Mr. Stillman as notary and pension agent, keeps his bank 
account healthy.
     STITH, JOHN, farmer, post office Rushville; born in 1813; is the 
eldest son of the late Rev. Elder Jesse Stith, of the Baptist Church, and
his wife, Polly Graham. The Rev. Elder was born in North Carolina,
and was only in his nineteenth year when his son John was born, on a
farm bordering on the Reservoir in Walnut township. Elder Stith and
his wife became Baptists when quite young, and their devotion to the
church often impelled them to travel on foot from Walnut township to
the Pleasant Run Church, and carry their children, then too small to be
left at home.   Their sons were John, Henry, James, Jesse and William 
Baker Stith; the daughters were Amy Trovinger, now a widow,
and Nancy Grey, now dead. The sons are all living except Jesse, who
volunteered in the army and fell a sacrifice on the bloody field of the
Wilderness while a member of the One Hundred and Twenty-sixth
Regiment, and the Sixth Corps, whose gallantry won unfading laurels.
John was married to Delilah, daughter of the venerable Isaac Hite, 
September 6, 1835. Her mother was Magdalena, daughter of John and
sister of the late Henry Bretz, who were of the early settlers, and 
distinguished not only for their thrift, but for their piety and respectability
in Fairfield county. After six years residence on the "Refugee," Etna
township, Licking county, John purchased the famous farm where he
and his dutiful wife now reside, in Richland, Fairfield county, since
1842. In 1880 their house took fire and burned to the ground, the 
insurance covering only a part of the loss. In a few days not less than
twenty teams were in line from Pleasantville loaded with material for
the grand country structure, which now adorns the premises, and these
were only twenty testimonials of sympathy for a deserving neighbor 
and an honest man. Their children are Mary, wife of Joseph Puffner, 
post office Rushville; Isaac, who was last heard from in California,
whither he went with his uncle Levi Hite: Amy, wife of Levi Saum,
post office Rushville; Katharine, single; Levi, married to Katharine
Nagle, Lancaster; William Allen, married to Amanda Louis; Lizzie,
single, residing with her aunt, Levina Hite; Phebe, wife of David
Henderson, post office Salem; John, married to Ella Spohn; Nancy,
single; Levina, wife of John Holliday, Bushe's Station; Jonas, single;
Jesse, married to Phebe Ann Stoltz, Delphos, and Ruth, wife of William 
Bull, of Hickman's Mills, Jackson county, Missouri---fourteen in
all---the youngest lacking but one year of being of age. This interesting 
family is not only remarkable for its size, but also for its robust health,
not one of whom ever doubted their capacity to paddle his, or her, own
canoe. Grandfather Stith began to preach before he could read his
text, but he soon not only could read, but rose to the front rank as a
speaker in his church, while his sons and daughters all grew to be men
and women, noted for their success in life and for the generous 
hospitality, which kindles happiness around the old Baptist hearthstone.
     STOBBS, CATHBERT, miner, New Straitsville; was born in New
Castle, North England, January 12, 1847; is a son of Ralph and 
Catharine (Clark) Stobbs, natives of England. At the age of sixteen he


came to America. He was married at Pomeroy, Ohio, November 15,
1867, to Mary, daughter of Hughey and Esther Williams, natives of
Wales. They are now the parents of six children, two of whom were
born in Pomeroy, and four in New Straitsville.
     STOLTZ, LEWIS, JR., was born in 1843, in Jackson township, a few
months after the death of his father, Lewis Stoltz, Sr. He had five
brothers and three sisters. Lewis went into the Forty-sixth Regiment,
Company F, Captain Henry H. Giesy. Three of his brothers joined
the One Hundred and Fourteenth Regiment, Company G, Captain
Ephraim Brown, two of whom lost their lives. He was wounded on
the same day and at the same battle where General McPherson fell.
He and his wife, who was Miss Margaret Petty, were married 
November 24, 1867, and have succeeded to the ownership of the Petty 
homestead, where she was born, and where she grew to womanhood; and
where, surrounded by the associations of childhood, and blessed with
a kind husband, their beautiful home maintains the generous welcome
to its friends, which was so often met there in days of Father Petty.
     STONEBURNER, JOSIAH, farmer; post office, Crooksville; was born
in Muskingum county in 1820. Settled in Perry county in 1860. Son
of Jacob and Margaret (Hartsell) Stoneburner. The former died in
Muskingum county in 1831, the latter in Morgan county in 1845. Mr.
Stoneburner's parents emigrated from Maryland in a very early day,
and settled in Clayton township, Muskingum county, Ohio. Mr. 
Stoneburner was one of a family of eleven children, six of whom are still
living. He was married in 1838, to Miss Sarah A. Williams. They
are the parents of ten children, viz.: N. H.. Josiah, deceased; 
Margaret A., deceased; Mary J., deceased; John W., Augustus, Manda
C., deceased; Sarah A., Mary C., deceased; Harvey E. Those living 
are all married and living in this county. Mr. Stoneburner had
three sons in the late war. Josiah enlisted in 1861, in Company A,
Sixty-second Regiment, O. V. I., Captain Edwards. He participated
in the following engagements: Winchester, Virginia; Port Republic,
Harrison's Landing, Black Water, Morris Island, Fort Wagner, 
Petersburg, Virginia; Signal Hill, Deep Run, Chapman's, Virginia, and
Darby, Virginia. John W. enlisted in 1864, in Company H, Thirty-
first Regiment. N. H. was in Company H, One Hundred and Sixtieth
Regiment. Mrs. Stoneburner's grandfather was in the Revolutionary
     STONEBURNER, N. H., farmer and potter; post office, Crooksville;
born in Muskingum county, Ohio, in 1839. Came to Perry county in
1859. Son of Josiah and Sarah A. (Williams) Stoneburner.  Mr.
Stoneburner has been in the pottery business about twenty years. 
Married in 1860, to Miss Clarissa A. Brown, daughter of B. S. Brown.
They are the parents of three children, viz.: John F., Mary and Ada.
Mr. Stoneburner enlisted in the war in 1864, Company H, One Hundred 
and Sixtieth Regiment. He participated in the following engagements: 
Winchester, Virginia, Martinsburgh and Old Town. 
Discharged at Zanesville.
     STORER, JAMES L., M. D., Corning, Ohio; was born April 18,
1830, in Allegheny county, Pennsylvania. Son of Ezekiel and Sarah
(Case) Storer. At the early age of two years, James L. Storer was


brought to Ohio by his parents, who settled and lived in Muskingum
county, on a farm, where he was reared to the age of fifteen years,
when he entered the Muskingum County College, situate at Concord,
Muskingum county, Ohio; and in the fall of 1851, graduated at that
institution. Immediately after graduating, he began teaching school,
which he continued for a number of years, mainly in Kentucky and
Ohio. In about two years after graduating, he received the degree of
A. M. from his Alma Mater. In 1855 or 1856, he began the study of
medicine, and in 1858, he began the practice of medicine, which he 
continued until the breaking out of the late war, when he was engaged in.
the army until the close of the war, at which time he again took up the
practice of medicine in his former field of practice, at Millertown,
Perry county, Ohio, where he has continued up to this time. Dr. Storer
was married June 8, 1854, to Miss Esther, daughter of George B. and
Mary Jane (Frazier) Passmore, of Perry county, Ohio. They are the
parents of three children, viz.: Edgar A., Jesse and Guy. All at
     STROUSE, S. F., boot and shoemaker. Junction City, Perry county,
Ohio. Son of John and Leah (Minich) Strouse; born in Berks county,
Pennsylvania, September 27, 1850; left there when about eight or nine
years of age, and went to Pickaway county, then went to Iowa; lived
there five years, then came back to Pickaway; went to his trade when
about fourteen. Set up shop for himself in 1869, in Straitsville, this
county; came to Junction City in the fall of 1872, where he now
does business.  Was married to Miss Rosa, daughter of William
and Catharine (Darsham) Haine, in 1874. Are the parents of three
children, viz.: Lola May, Alice L. G., Vernon F. Mr. Strouse's people 
are of German descent.
     SULLIVAN, FRANK, wagon maker, Shawnee, Ohio; was born May
22, 1850, in Rushville, Fairfield county, Ohio; son of John and Hester
(Williams) Sullivan. Mr. Sullivan was raised a farmer, and has lived
in the following places, viz.: McConnelsville, Morgan county, Ohio,
one year; Amesville, Athens county, Ohio, in all and at different times,
about ten years; eighteen months, while engaged on portable saw mill;
fourteen months in hotel business; two years in dry goods business, and
about five years in wagon making business, after he left his father's
home; on a farm near Hartleysville, Putnam county, Ohio, one year;
Nelsonville, short time; in Missouri short time, in hotel business; one
winter in Ames township, Athens county, Ohio, where his father packed
tobacco; thence to Buffalo, Putnam county, Ohio, two years, where he
learned his trade; after which he went to his father's farm, living one
year; and then, as above stated, in Amesville five years; in Maxville,
two years at his trade, when he came to Shawnee, Ohio, one year ago,
and has engaged at wagon making up to this time. Was married 
September 23, 1874, to Eva, daughter of James and Charlotte (Blackburn)
Evener, of Athens County, Ohio. They are the parents of four children, 
viz.: Reason, deceased; Austin, deceased; Sylvia, deceased;
and Blanche, the only one living.
     SWARTZ, GEORGE W., grocer; postoffice, Thornville, Ohio; born
1828, in Reading township, Perry county, Ohio; a son of John Swartz,
whose wife's maiden name was Susan Jordan, both natives of Rockingham


county, Virginia. One brother, John, lived in Jacksontown, Ohio.
Another; David, resides in Wyandot county, Ohio; post office, 
Fowler's Station. A sister, now Mrs. Sarah, wife of John Shook, post
office, Little Sandusky, Ohio, was first the wife of E. Bowers, of the
One Hundred and Twenty-sixth O. V. I., Sixth Army Corps, who was
lost in service. Father Swartz died in his sixty-third year, but Mother
Swartz is still living, near the age of seventy, with her daughter, Mrs.
Shook. George W. Swartz first married Matilda, daughter of William
Clumb, in 1849. By this marriage he became the father of Margaret,
wife of Jefferson Cover, of Thorn, and Sarah J., wife of John Clark,
Junction City, Ohio, a son of Allen Clark, near there; a third daughter 
is Miss Susan, at home. After the death of his first wife, he was
married to Miss Josephine Highland, of Mercer county, Ohio, and by
this marriage there is one son, Morris Swartz. About six years after
his last marriage, he became blind, in the fall of 1867. His service in
the army had much to do with his misfortune. He was finally placed
on the pension rolls, and in 1868, he, with only $2.20 in cash, began
business in Thornport, as a grocer and retailer of liquors, and has 
provided himself with a neat home, and lives in comfort. His head is
twenty-four inches; weight, two hundred and twenty pounds; and
height, five feet nine inches in stockings. He is a grandson of Phenus
Swartz, a native of Germany, and inherits a conk shell that called to
dinner prior to the Revolution. This grandfather served this country
in the Revolution, and died near Wooster, Ohio, thirty-five or forty
years since. His maternal grandfather, Adam Jordan, was also a fifer in
the Revolutionary War, and drew pension; his widow drew afterwards,
and after her marriage to a second husband. An uncle, Silas Swartz,
served in the Mexican War, from the State of Illinois. An uncle, 
Andrew Swartz, of Stark, Illinois, is still living.
     SWEENY, JOHN, butcher, Shawnee, Ohio; was born July 22, 1841,
in Monroe township; son of Thomas and Bridget (McCabe) Sweeny,
natives of Ireland. John was brought up on a farm, where he remained
until twenty-two years of age. He traveled one year on the Muskingum
River. In 1866 he engaged in merchandising in Monroe township,
where he remained five years. Came to this place in 1873, and worked
two years at the carpenter's trade, then engaged in his present business.
Mr. Sweeny was married February 5, 1867, to Miss Mary, daughter of
Bernard and Julia (Conway) O'Farrell. They are the parents of five
children, viz.: Julia Anne, Bridget Catharine, Rose Lily, Mary Ellen
and Theresa. Mr. Sweeny is doing a good business.
     SWINEHART, PETER, farmer, was born in 1810, in section nineteen,
Hopewell township; has been Justice of the Peace twenty-one years,
county commissioner six years; has held every office in his township
except constable, and has been a resident of this township for seventy-
two consecutive years. His great grandfather and mother, tradition
affirms, crossed the ocean from Germany with a large family, and being
able to pay only the fare of the younger and more helpless of their
children, the older ones were hired to service in America to settle the
bill. Whether John, the grandfather of Peter Swinehart, was among
the last named, is not known, but that he lived in Northumberland
county, Pennsylvania, and there reared a respectable family, among


whom was his son John, the father of Peter, is certain. Leaving all
his relatives in Pennsylvania, John Swinehart and his wife emigrated
to Perry county in 1807. A few years after, John's father paid him
a visit, perhaps in 1810, the year Peter was born, and returned the same
year to Pennsylvania. He must have carried back good news of his
son John, for in 1814 two sisters of John, the wives of John Linn and
Henry Coble, escorted hither by their mother, settled in Perry county. 
After she had visited her son John, and his wife, and kissed his
children, born in the forest home, she bade good bye to her two daughters
and to her son John, mounted one of the horses that had pulled the
wagon from Pennsylvania, and rode home. She was a small sized,
sprightly woman, of fearless heart. At the same time, or at least the
same year, there came Andrew Swinehart, son of him who crossed
the ocean, uncle of John, and great uncle of John's son Peter. This
ancient Andrew, who either came with his father over the sea, or was
soon after born in Pennsylvania, settled as a carpenter and joiner in
Somerset, where he died. This Andrew was the father of the late 
venerable Samuel Swinehart, who died on his farm near Somerset, and
Jacob, who died at the toll-gate east of Somerset, and of Daniel and
Peter Swinehart, who lived in Circleville, Ohio, and of George, the
father of that Samuel who now resides in section thirty-two, Hopewell.
When Peter was only a few years of age, his father, John Swinehart,
moved from section nineteen to section nine, Hopewell, and before his
cabin was chunked and daubed, and quilts were hung on the wall for
protection, and while his wife expected soon to be confined in childbed,
he was drafted into the army, reported at Franklinton, and failing to
get leave of absence, crossed the Scioto, broke through the ice, and
after a tedious and perilous journey through the woods, reached home, 
arranged for the comfort of his family, returned to military duty, was 
arraigned for desertion and bailed by Jacob Anspach, afterwards the
father-in-law of Peter, and served until honorably discharged. The
brothers of Peter are Jacob, Little Sandusky, Ohio; Jonathan, Hen-
derson county, Illinois; Samuel, deceased in Hopewell township;
Daniel, deceased in Fulton county, Indiana; George, Black Swamp,
Sandusky county, Ohio; Andrew, Bloomdale, Wood county, Ohio;
and his sisters are Sally, deceased wife of George Anspach, Thorn
township; Elizabeth, deceased wife of Jacob Cooperider, Thorn township; 
Katharine, deceased wife of Jerome Stalter, deceased; and Juda,
wife of Jacob Lawrence, post office, Upper Sandusky, Ohio. Peter
Swinehart was married to Miss Sophia Anspach in 1834. She died in
1881, in the sixty-seventh year of her life, and the forty-seventh of her
marriage. Their children and post offices are Simon P., Glenford,
married to Elizabeth Shelley; John, Arcola, Illinois, married to Susan
Bowman; George Henry, Linville, Ohio, married to Martha Orr;
Elizabeth, wife of Lewis Cooperider, Glenford; Ann Sophia, wife of
Emanuel Cooperider, Glenford; Magdalena, wife of Oliver Cooperider,
Glenford; Margaret, wife of George H. Bowers, Gratiot, Ohio; Nancy
C., wife of George Hupp, Brownsville, Ohio; Levina Emeline, wife of
Joseph H. Orr, Glenford, and Melzena Alice Swinehart. Peter relates
that an uncle, sometime about the year 1812, entered a half section of
land, made the required down payment; and failing to meet the back


payments, the land reverted to the government. Subsequently the 
certificates held for such lands were made receivable by act of Congress
for their face value at any land office of the United States. In 1830
Peter applied one certificate to eighty acres of land ten miles west of
Fremont, at the Tiffin, Ohio, land office, for himself, and did the same
for his father. Fourteen years later he sold his eighty for $300, and a
year later half of it sold for $400, and now the whole eighty is 
estimated to be cheap at $4,000. Peter Swineheart weighs one hundred
and seventy-five pounds, is about five feet ten inches in height, and his
head measures twenty-three and one-half inches in circumference. He
has furnished an interesting assortment of facts relating to early days in
Perry county, which appear in the general history of Hopewell 
     SWINGLE, L. B., dental surgeon, corner of Main street, New 
Lexington, Ohio. Dr. S. was born January 29, 1842, in Deavertown,
Morgan county, Ohio, son of Nicholas J., and Mary M. (Leffler)
Swingle. Dr. Swingle began the practice of his profession in the fall
of 1867, in his native town. In May, 1873, he established his office in this
place where he has built up a good practice. The Dr. was married
June 21, 1881, to Miss Annie, daughter of Thomas and Ellen (Grimes)


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