HISTORY OF PERRY COUNTY

CHAPTER XXXI.

PIKE TOWNSHIP.

     Pike township is range fifteen, number fifteen, of the original survey
of lands to be sold at Zanesville, Ohio, and was originally a Congressional 
township, or six miles square. It was organized into a political
township about 1814, by the authorities of Fairfield county, of which it
was then a part, and given the name of Pike, in honor of General Pike,
an officer in the American Army in the War of 1812. Its
northern boundary was, at the time of its political organization, the
boundary line between Fairfield and Muskingum counties. Four sections 
were afterward taken from the southeastern corner of the original
township, and incorporated into the new township of Pleasant.
     The territory which constitutes the present township of Pike, lies
about one-third on the Muskingum, and two-thirds on the Hocking side
of the great divide. Or, in other words, about two-thirds of the township 
is in the Hocking, and the remaining one-third in the Muskingum
Valley. That portion of it which is in the Hocking Valley, is drained
by Rush Creek and tributaries, and the portion in the Muskingum 
Valley is drained by the tributaries of the South Fork of Moxahala or 
Jonathan's Creek, the principal streams on the Muskingum side being Bear
Run and Little South Fork. The chief stream of the Hocking side is
Rush Creek, which has many tributaries, named and unnamed; 
Yerger's Run, Fowler's Run, Bear Wallow, and the stream variously
named, along the banks of which the N. S. & S. R. is built, are the
principal ones. The head waters of Monday Creek also drain a part
of the township. The township is not only well drained, but well 
watered. It contains numerous good springs of pure and wholesome
water, and good well water is almost anywhere found, and at no great
depth.
     Pike township was originally heavily timbered with oak, hickory,
ash, elm, chestnut, sugar, maple, beech, dog-wood, gum, poplar, and
other varieties. Some of the oak trees were very large---the species
known as the red oak and black oak being the largest. The original
forest also contained more or less service trees, black and white walnut,
wild cherry, cucumber and persimmon. The latter is yet a well-known
tree on "Brier Ridge," in the southeastern part of the township.
     About three-fourths of the township is underlaid by two valuable
seams of coal, known in the geological reports as the "upper" and
"lower New Lexington seam." The upper seam has been opened and
worked over nearly the whole area, and is one of the best burning coals
in the country. The lower seam has not been opened or used so 
extensively, but has been well tested as a clear, dry burning coal, and is 
beginning to attract general attention.
     John Fowler made the first permanent settlement, erecting a cabin
near the big spring, in what is yet known as Fowler's meadow, about

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three-fourths of a mile east from the present public square in New 
Lexington. Mr. Fowler was a native of Baltimore county, Maryland, and
came to Ohio on horseback in 1811. He stopped with a relative, James
Thrall, who had settled a year or two earlier, in Clayton township, about
forty rods north of the Pike township line, about a half mile south of
where Rehoboth was afterward laid out and built. Fowler made his
home at Thrall's until he erected his cabin over in the unbroken woods
of an unnamed township, in another county. Even after he had his
cabin built, he often went to Thrall's, and usually spent Saturday night
and Sunday there. He had blazed a way through the forest, which he
frequently traveled, and traces of  ''Fowler's path" could be seen for
more than twenty years.
     Robert McClellan and Robert Humes, with their families, came soon
after Fowler, and they all lived one summer in and about Fowler's
cabin-seventeen persons in all-until cabins were erected on an adjoining 
tract of land, which is the property of the McClellans at the present
time. Jonathan Carroll, Thomas Wright, Samuel Clayton, Eli Babb,
William Lashley, Nathaniel Rush, Reuben Skinner and several others,
came in soon after, but just in what order is not now known. Jonathan
Carroll settled near the west bank of Yerger's Run, on the land that
now belongs to Thomas Mills, probably in 1812. Ira Carroll was born
there in 1813, who was the first white child born in this township.
Thomas Wright moved to the place where Jackson Wright now resides,
in 1813. Nathaniel Rush settled on the land now within the limits of
New Lexington, and which was for many years the property and home
of Samuel Skinner. Samuel Clayton settled on the side of the hill,
within the present limits of New Lexington, which was afterward, for
many years, the property and dwelling place of James Comly and 
descendants. Reuben Skinner settled where Mr. McNeal now lives. Eli
Babb located where Mrs. Kate Adams now resides. Thomas Selby
now owns the land where William Lashley settled, up near the tunnel.
The following names of pioneers have been gathered, nearly all of whom
came to the township previous to 1818: John Fowler, Robert McClellan, 
Jonathan Carroll, Thomas Wright, Samuel Clayton, William Lashley, 
Nathaniel Rush, Reuben Skinner, James Comly, Samuel Rush,
Daniel Hull, John Colborn, John Davis, Benjamin Coddington, Thomas
Carroll, David Carroll, Ezekiel Chaney, John Smith, Thomas Clayton,
Peter A. Vansickle, Isaac Barnes, Stephen Barnes, Samuel Skinner,
Samuel B. Skinner, Samuel Smith, Dennis Kennedy, John Kennedy,
Seth Kennedy, William Hume, William Roberts, George Ogg, Henry
Rush, William Rush, Peter Strait, Richard A. Rudle, Jacob Wemmer,
Aaron Skinner, Jacob Barnthistle, George Stiers, William Sanderson,
William J.Moore, Benjamin Morgan, Ephraim Teal, Lawson Teal,
Samuel Ogborn, Henry Stiers, James Chenoweth, John Grimes, James
Skinner, Levi Melon, John S. Powell, Noah Teal, Richard Strait, John
Hume, Jacob Barnd, James Spencer, John Wright, Andrew Wright,
Moses Wood, Isaiah Rush, Jacob Rush, William Rush, Jesse Huff,
Reuben Tharp, Thomas Wilson, George Spencer, Daniel Hollenback,
Jacob Bugh, Jesse Bugh, Robert McClung, Barney Donly, James 
McGahan, John Hollenback, Barney McGahan, Michael Forquer, David
Martin, Robert Sanderson, James Brown, James Jennings. Some of

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these pioneers did not remain long, and removed to other parts of the
country. Many of them, however, remained permanently, opened
farms and brought up large families, and their descendants are 
numerous here and elsewhere throughout the country.
     In the foregoing list of pioneers, it was not the design to give the
names of any who came in later than 1818, though, possibly, a very few
of those given may have come later than this date.

     MILLS.---The first mill of which there appears to be any authentic
account, was a so-called "corn-cracker," a very diminutive structure,
built and owned by Nathaniel Rush, and was situated on Fowler's Run,
at a point about thirty or forty rods below George A. Granger's present
mill. There was considerable corn ground there, and, when the stream
was full, the proprietor frequently ground wheat. The elections were
sometimes held at the mill, or at Rush's house, a few rods distant, when
Pike township was yet a part of Fairfield county. A little later, Samuel
Clayton erected a similar mill, of somewhat larger pretensions, on Rush
Creek, near where the iron bridge now is, at the north end of Main
street, New Lexington. Isaac Barnes also had a similar mill situated
on Rush Creek, near the Jackson township line. James Comly, who
bought out Clayton, and became proprietor of the mill at New Lexington, 
subsequently built a larger mill on the north side of the creek.
This was run by water power for a while, then steam power was attached.
The grist-mill, not appearing to be very profitable, was finally abandoned, 
and the Comlys gave their sole attention to their saw-mills, of
which they at first had two---one on Rush creek and the other on Fowler's 
Run, a short distance above its junction with Rush Creek. The
latter was eventually abandoned and all the latest improvements put in
the former, which was now owned and managed by John Comly, son of
James Comly, deceased. This mill did much for the building up of
New Lexington and surrounding country.
     James Law and Ira Carroll built the old Granger Flouring Mill in
1840. Samuel Arnold erected his in 1857-58; and George A. Granger
constructed his in 1879, and, since 1840, there has been no lack of 
milling facilities in the township. Mr. Arnold also built a saw mill in 
connection with his grist mill, which he subsequently sold to D. C. Fowler,
who removed it to his premises, and runs it there in connection with his
tannery. There were, in early times, a number of horse mills in the
township, but they were soon abandoned, or little used.

     SCHOOLS.---The first schools were very primitive, and, as a general
thing, if not in all cases, held in old cabins that had been built for and
used as dwellings. The first school appears to have been taught within 
the present limits of New Lexington, about 1815. The teacher was
Jonathan Sturgeon, an Irishman. The school was taught in an old
cabin that had formerly been used as a dwelling, and stood within a rod
or two of the spring that is now enclosed in Andrew Stocklein's front
yard, on Brown street. The floor was made of unhewn puncheons, and
to make it a little even, the low places and depressions were filled up with
earth. School was taught in this disagreeable place for three years.
One teacher taught there, who had a wooden leg, (not Sturgeon) and

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he received many a hard fall, from his wooden leg sticking down in the
dirt, and catching against the projecting puncheons.
     About 1820, or soon thereafter, a log school house was built on the
lot back of the Horahan block, on Jackson street. It was a very primitive 
structure, although it was designed and constructed for a school
house. It had greased paper windows, a big log fire-place at one end,
and school furniture to match. School was taught in this house for
eight or ten years.
     Along about 1820, a school was taught near where Jonathan Nixon
now lives, and, about the same time, they had school in the Thomas
Wright neighborhood. One school was taught in an old building in
Thomas Wright's yard. Some kind of a school was taught early in
Bristol or neighborhood. Also down the creek in the Barnes or 
Vansickle neighborhood.
     About 1830, the township was districted, for school purposes, very
much as it is at the present time. There was the Selby district, the
New Lexington district, and the Vansickle district in the northern row.
Then the David Brown district, the Clayton (Deaver) and the Skinner
(Vanatta) districts. Then there was the Bristol and other districts, on
the south side of the township. These have been somewhat changed.
The location of the school houses has been changed, as a general thing,
while some remain where they were fifty years ago. All the old log
school houses are gone, and some of the districts have built their third
school house. The New Lexington district has done this, but no more
than this.
     About 1830, the New Lexington district erected its second school
house, a frame,on the same lot where its predecessor stood, on Jackson
street. The Stocklein spring building is not counted, for it was never
designed for a school house. The frame structure of which mention is
made, was a very creditable house, for the times, was well furnished,
and occasionally accomodated seventy-five or eighty pupils. It was
used over twenty years for school purposes, and then abandoned, and
finally sold. From 1850 to 1858, after the abandonment of the old frame,
schools were taught in the old Presbyterian, Second Baptist, First Baptist 
churches, and elsewhere about town, as rooms could be procured,
until 1858, when the new brick Union School building being completed,
the schools were graded and transferred to it. A considerable addition
was made to this edifice in 1876; and now the question of yet more 
additions or an entire new house is pressing upon the people for solution.
     Saint Aloysius Academy is situated three-fourths of a mile west of
New Lexington, upon a farm bequeathed for the purpose, by the late
Owen Donelly. The first wing of the Academy edifice was erected in
1874, and the school organized by Sisters of the Franciscan Order in
1876. A second wing of the building was erected in 1881. The
Academy, farm and other interests are all admirably managed by the
Sisters in charge, who have rendered themselves agreeable and popular
with all who have visited the institution, or had business of any kind to
transact with them. The religion taught at this school is the Catholic,
and it receives and educates pupils from various parts of this and other
States. It is the design of the managers to still further enlarge the
Academy.

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     CHURCHES.---The Baptists were the pioneers in religion in Pike
township. Many of the early settlers had been communicants or 
adherents of what was known as the "Old Jersey Church" in Somerset
county, Pennsylvania. This church was so called, from the fact that it
was built and supported by people who had come in a body from the
State of New Jersey. When the descendants of these men and women
came to the Rush Creek Valley, they brought their letters,and it was not
long until there was public worship in the homes of the pioneers. Elder
Moody, who lived in Bearfield township, was one of the first preachers.
There were also other visiting ministers. Rev. James Skinner was ordained 
about 1821. There appears to be no existing record of the fact,
but the first Baptist Church Society was organized about 1820. There
was no church edifice built until 1825 or 1826; when the old log church
was erected. It stood very near the site of the present building, and on
the same lot. It was about forty by fifty feet, constructed of very
large hewed logs, and had a gallery on the second floor, which, however, 
was only used on extraordinary occasions.  It had a high, octagon 
sort of pulpit, which the ministers reached by a little, winding
stairway. Before this church was built, public worship was held, as
stated, at the private houses of members of the organization. In the
summer season, the services were often held in a large barn upon the
threshing floor.  Public worship was frequently held at the houses of
Samuel Rush and Reuben Skinner. Rush lived and died where Mr.
Jonathan Nixon now lives, and John McNeal now lives where Mr.
Skinner did. There was also preaching at the houses of Jonathan 
Carroll, Benjamin Coddington, Thomas Wright, Daniel Hull, Samuel
Skinner, and at other places. Preaching at private houses was not 
uncommon, for many years, even after the church was completed.
     James Skinner, after his ordination, as previously referred to, was
the regular pastor for quite a number of years. He wore his hair long,
was a reverential sort of person, and had considerable pulpit ability.
His last appearance in the pulpit was to preach the funeral of Mrs. 
Carroll, widow of Jonathan Carroll, upon which occasion, it is said that he
preached a memorable and unusually impressive discourse. He died
in 1841. He had served as pastor of the church for a number of years,
and also preached in other parts of the country. After Moody and Skinner, 
as regular pastor, came Matthew Brown, Thomas Harper, Martin
Sperry, George Debolt, Thomas Martin and others. J. R. Vanhorn is
the present pastor. Brown and Harper were members of the congregation 
and residents of the township, and nearly all the time had other
charges in neighboring counties. Harper and Brown were both widely
known and highly esteemed as ministers in the denomination to which
they belonged. Mr. Brown is yet living, at the advanced age of ninety-
seven years. He removed to Wood county, Ohio, some fifteen years
since.
     The First Baptist Church Society was originally strong in
numbers, wealth and influence, but deaths, removals, etc., have told
heavily upon it, and though still a considerable congregation, it is not
so strong as if was in its earlier days. It built a second house of worship, 
a frame structure, in 1845. This is a neat,commodious, well preserved 
house, and is the one in use at the present time.

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This church is a member of the Muskingum Baptist Association,
and the annual Associations of this body have frequently been held with
it. The first Association in New Lexington, of which there is any account, 
was held in the woods near where the Second Baptist Church
now stands, about 1823. Thomas Harper, not then a resident of the
county, was one of the young preachers in attendance, and led the singing, 
which he was well qualified to do. A few years later, an Association 
was held in Skinner's grove,adjacent to the First Baptist Church.
Subsequent Associations were also held there about 1836 and in 1843.
An Association was held in Fowler's grove in 1858, and in Carroll's
grove in 1877 and in 1881. The one which convened in Fowler's grove
in 1858, was probably the largest ever held here, and many distinguished 
ministers were present from Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky and other
States.
     The Presbyterian Church was organized in October, 1837. Several
members of Unity, who resided in New Lexington or vicinity, on
presentation of a petition to that effect, were dismissed for the purpose
of organizing the New Lexington Church. Rev. Roswell Tenny,
Francis Bartlett, and Edmund Garland, were appointed by the Presbytery 
to organize the church. David Carroll, Hugh S. Hankinson, and
David Brown, were ordained Elders. The lot on which the present
church stands, on High street, was purchased for twenty-five dollars,
and within a year a large frame edifice was erected. For three years
the church prospered and grew, and then for a quarter of a century came
the waning period, and at last, in 1866, when Rev. Henry Beeman arrived, 
the old edifice had been sold and torn down, and the lot on which
it stood plowed and cultivated in vegetables.
     The early regular ministers of the church were Revs. Roswell Tenny,
Francis Bartlett, and Edmund Garland. Then there was a vacancy of
a year, after which came Revs. Edward W. Twining, John Forbush,
A. S. Avery, Hugh McBride, and Warren Nichols. Then there was
a second vacancy of over three years, and the church building, during
the most of this period, was used as a school-house. In September,
1854, Rev. Samuel W. Rose came to the charge, who labored on until
his death, which occurred at his residence in New Lexington, January,
1857. After Rev. Rose came Revs. Samuel Loomis, James Lamb,
Theodore Stowe, and A. C. Stewart. The latter left early in 1865, and
for more than a year the pulpit was again vacant. Lamb, Stewart, and
Stowe, preached in the Second Baptist Church, the old Presbyterian
edifice having become too dilapidated for use. Rev. Beeman also
preached in the Second Baptist Church until the erection of the new
edifice.
     The church was virtually disbanded and the church property sold,
when in June, 1866, Rev. Henry Beeman, by order of Presbytery, 
appeared upon the field. Under his administration the church was 
reorganized, stated preaching maintained, and a new church edifice
erected in 1870. The new church was dedicated September 11th, 1870.
The dedication sermon was preached by Rev. Daniel Tenny. Rev.
Kingsbury, of Putnam, was also present, who, with Rev. Beeman,
assisted in the dedicatory services. There was a goodly attendance
from Unity, Roseville, Uniontown, and other places, and the dedication

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was an occasion of much interest. Mrs. Elizabeth Carroll, over
eighty years of age, was the only one of the original members present;
all others were gone. From 1866 until the present time Rev. Beeman
has been the regular pastor of the church, though not ordained and
installed until 1868.
     It must not be inferred that there was no Presbyterian preaching in
New Lexington or neighborhood until the organization of the church,
in 1837. There were a number of Presbyterian families in the town
and neighborhood, and Rev. Moore, of Unity, as well as other ministers,
had frequently preached in the old log Baptist Church and in private
houses; in fact, Presbyterians and Methodists assisted in the building
of the church with the understanding and agreement that at times when
the house was not in use by the Baptists it could be occupied by other
denominations. It was so used, for quite a number of years, satisfactorily 
and agreeably to all parties. Rev. Moore preached there
frequently to his own people and all others who chose to come and hear
him. He was known to all the old settlers, and highly esteemed by
them, irrespective of sect or religious proclivities.
     There were not many Methodists among the early settlers of Pike
township, and what there were had their membership, a number of
years, with the church at Rehoboth. Asa Brown organized the first
Methodist class or society at New Lexington about the year 1828, by
the authority of the itinerant ministers who were in charge of the 
Rehoboth and other neighboring churches. The society was regularly 
continued, and prayer and class meetings held at private houses. George
Gardner of Rehoboth, a local minister, probably preached the first
Methodist sermon in New Lexington. It was his custom to walk over
through the woods and preach, by appointment, at the old log Baptist
church, where he was sure to have hearers of all denominations. The
venerable Rev. Gardner is yet living, and is ninety-five years old.
     The Methodist society at New Lexington prospered from its 
organization, but in consequence of the near proximity of the Rehoboth
church, and another (Saffells) three miles west, together with the
smallness of the village itself, the New Lexington society did not
decide to build a house of worship until 1839. Subscriptions were
taken up during the latter part of said year, and, in 1840, a neat, 
commodious frame edifice was erected upon the site of the present building.
The New Lexington society was made a regular appointment by Conference, 
however, years before the erection of a church edifice. The
itinerant ministers preached first in the old log Baptist church, and
afterward in the newly built Presbyterian church, until the time came
when their own house was ready for occupancy.
     The frame church was used from 1840 until 1875, when it accidentally 
caught fire and was consumed. The loss was not considered very
great, though the house had answered a good purpose, and the subject
of constructing a new and larger place of worship had been agitated
for years. Now something had to be done. The trustees at once
decided to build, without delay. The present large, elegant, and substantial 
brick structure was the result. The walls were erected in 1875,
and the Sunday-school, or lecture room, finished in 1876. This is, itself,
an audience-room of large size, and church, Sunday-school, and all

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other services, were held in it until 1880, when the principal audience-
room was completed, and the church formally dedicated. This is one
of the roomiest and costliest church edifices in the State, outside of the
large cities, and no wonder the venerable Asa Brown, the organizer
and leader of the first Methodist class, was deeply impressed with the
great changes, when he thought of his little group of a dozen persons,
assembled at a private house, and then looked upon this building. Mr.
Brown spoke from the platform of the new audience room, a year or so
since. The most striking change, after all, was the statement which he
made, that all the members of the original class, excepting himself, had
plumed their wings and taken the eternal flight. Mr. Brown resides
near Kirkersville, in Licking county, Ohio.
     How many of the distinguished ministers of the denomination have
preached upon this spot ! David and Joshua Young, Finley, Jameson,
Trimble, White, Frazier, Mather, Phillips, Porter, Cunningham, Harvey, 
and Hill, have all ministered at the altar as Presiding Elder; and
many of the most gifted ministers of the Ohio Conference have, at one
time or another, preached from its pulpit.
     The greatest event, perhaps, in the history of the church, was the
revival of 1868, when daily meetings continued nearly two months, and
three hundred persons gave their names to the church.
     The Second Baptist Church was organized in 1842, under the ministry 
of Rev. B. Y. Sigfried. Public worship, for a while, was held in
the old frame school-house. The church was at first composed of a few
who had been members of the First Baptist Church, others who united
on profession of faith and baptism, and yet others who came by letter.
The society was not strong---in fact had very few male members---but
soon resolved upon erecting a suitable house of worship. A lot was
purchased, and a building commenced, of large dimensions for that day.
There were numerous difficulties to encounter; the construction of the
edifice proceeded slowly, but, in 1845, it was finished and opened for
service. Jesse Skinner was the member who did more than any others---
quite probably more than all others-toward the erection of the
church edifice. He would listen to no discouragements, was cast down
by no difficulties, and was determined to know no such word as fail.
He held on to the enterprise with all the tenacity and faithfulness that
mortal man could show, and his long continued efforts were eventually
crowned with success.
     This church has had a rather eventful history. Often without
a regular pastor, it was never permanently closed, but ever kept in
line of battle. In the early days of the church, visiting brethren were
always made at home, and a good minister, of any denomination, was
cordially welcomed to the house and pulpit, and most likely Mr. Skinner
himself would light the lamps and make the fires.
     After Rev. Sigfried, Rev. S. D. Alton was the pastor for several
years. Rev. Ferguson was also pastor for several years, soon after
1850. Revs. Heistand and Sackett also had charge of the church for a
time, about 1859-60. Revs. Nochross and Amerman succeeded them,
and were, in turn, succeeded by Rev. Sigfried. Rev. W. J. Sharp
came to the charge in 1866, and remained one year. Rev. Churchhill,
subsequent to this, was pastor for some time, also Rev. Lyons. Rev.

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J.Chambers was the next regular pastor, who remained two or three
years. After Chambers came Rev. Daniels, for a season; Rev. Tussing 
then succeeded to the pastorate. Revs. W. W. Marlow and Wharton 
were also pastors of the church, but at what time is not known-
about 1867, probably. The pastorships were irregular and disconnected, 
much of the time, and quite often the pulpit was vacant. Meanwhile, 
Sigfried, Churchhill, Sackett, and other ministers, would make
a visit and hold a series of meetings, so that the church was almost as
frequently occupied as any other in town. When there was no preaching, 
there was prayer meeting at the regular hour. Sabbath, as well as
Sabbath and Wednesday evenings. All these services, together with
the occasional, and sometimes stated, preaching of ministers of other
denominations, contributed to keep the Second Baptist Church open
and in general use. The congregation is one of considerable strength
and influence. Rev. Tussing is now the pastor of the church.
     The Lutheran Church, in New Lexington, was organized in 1867,
under the ministry of Rev. George Young. Religious worship was first
held in the Second Baptist church, for several months, and afterward,
until the erection of a church edifice, in the Court House. A lot was
purchased at the corner of Brown and High streets, a corner stone was
laid, with appropriate ceremonies, in 1868, and the building constructed
in 1868 and 1860. The edifice was dedicated in January, 1870, and
stated preaching maintained regularly thereafter. Rev. George Young
was pastor for seven or eight years, and was succeeded by Rev. Allen
Wiseman, who continued one year. Rev. Walter succeeded Wiseman,
and is still the pastor in charge. The church edifice is of brick, and is
large, commodious, and substantial. The congregation is very regular
in attendance upon religious service.
     St. Rose's Catholic church in New Lexington was organized in
1868. In June of that year the property at the corner of Main and
Water streets was purchased of Samuel Koons. The brick house
which stood upon the lot was remodeled, and converted into a temporary 
church building. St. Rose's church was organized under the ministery 
of Rev. Father Adams. There were few or no Catholic families
among the very early settlers of New Lexington and Pike township.
Before the Catholic population of the township had become numerous,
churches had been established at St. Josephs, St. Patricks and Rehoboth, 
and a little later at McLuney and South Fork.   The resident
Catholics of the town and township were accustomed to attend one or
the other of these neighboring churches. Occasionally a priest would
come and hold religious worship at private houses in New Lexington.
But, as the Catholic population of the town and township increased, the
establishment of a church in New Lexington began to be agitated, and
eventually ended in the purchase of property and the organization of
St. Rose's congregation, as stated.  Rev. Father Adams remained
about a year, and was succeeded by Rev. Father Keogh. He was 
succeeded by Rev. Father Mortrier, who remained four or five years.
Mortrier was succeeded by Rev. Father Meshenmoser, who is the 
present pastor.
     The old remodeled brick house was used about ten years, and then
torn down and replaced by the present handsome, large and imposing

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structure, in 1880. It was dedicated early in 1881, Bishop Watterson
and other distinguished clergymen being present.  The new church
edifice is very elegant and substantial, and the site one of the finest in
the State, St. Rose's has now grown to be a large congregation.
     The Baptists organized a society and erected a church edifice at
Bristol, about 1832. The house was of good size, constructed of large
hewn logs, similar to other church edifices erected about that time, or
earlier. This society grew and flourished for quite a number of years,
and stated preaching was constantly maintained.  Of later years the
church has not been quite so strong, and preaching has been more 
irregular. The original building was burned about 1839, and a frame one
erected in its place which is yet in use.
     The United Brethren built a neat, commodious church edifice in
Bristol in 1871 and 1872, and stated preaching has been sustained, as
well as other religious services. The society is a zealous one and the
congregation appears to be in a prosperous condition.
     The Bible Christians (New Lights) organized a society and erected
a church edifice about 1831 or 1832, on Bear Run, some three miles east
of New Lexington. This house was also built of hewed logs. Regular
preaching was kept up a good many years, and at one time, the place
had a resident minister, Rev. Hand. Stated preaching and Sabbath
school are still maintained. The church is on the township line.

     SABBATH SCHOOLS.---The first organized Sabbath school of which
there appears to be any trace was a union school in New Lexington,
officered and controlled by men of different denominations. The Sabbath 
school was held in the old frame school house, (then new) which
so long stood on the school lot on Jackson street, a little south of the
old Deavertown road. This Sabbath school was sustained during the
summer seasons, tolerably regularly, for several years, and until the
Presbyterian church was built, and a school organized there.
     The Presbyterian Sabbath school was organized in the spring of
1838, while the house was yet unfinished and carpenter work-benches
and huge piles of shavings encumbered the rear part of the building.
The school was large, from the beginning, and was unusually well
managed, taking into consideration the facilities and opportunities of
the times. It made good progress for about four years, until the Methodist 
school was organized, and the Presbyterian church began to lose
heavily by removals, when it declined rapidly, and was soon discontinued. 
After the erection of the new Presbyterian church edifice, in
1870, the Sabbath school was promptly reorganized, and has been held
regularly, the year round ever since, with varying numbers, of course,
and is at this time in a very prosperous condition.
     The Methodists, soon after the completion of their church building,
in 1841, organized a Sabbath school, which has been continued, with
varying success, down to the present time. For several years after the
original organization, the school adjourned over the winter months.
This custom was eventually abandoned, and the school kept up the year
round. This school, for the most part, has been prosperous and flourishing 
from its commencement, though, of course, not always in the
same degree. At one time---about 1871-72, it enrolled considerably

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over three hundred members, and from two to three hundred were in
constant attendance. Neither enrollment nor attendance is so high now
as then, though both are creditable and encouraging.
     The Second Baptist Church organized a Sabbath school not long
after their house was constructed, and the school still continues. Like
the other early schools, for a number of years, it adjourned over the
winter mouths, but finally came to be held throughout the entire year.
This school has experienced a varied success, corresponding, in some
degree, at least, to the waxing and waning fortunes of the church itself.
It has usually, however, been in a good, encouraging condition, and is
so represented at the present time. The late Jesse Skinner was 
superintendent of the school for more than twenty years.
     Sabbath schools have been held in connection with the Baptist and
United Brethren churches in Bristol, and a school is held at the Brethren 
church, at the present time. A Sabbath school was, for a time,
held at the Bible Christian church on Bear Run, but never with much
regularity.

     CEMETERIES.---The cemetery adjacent to the M. E. church, in New
Lexington, was established in 1819 or 1820. The first burial in the
cemetery attached to the First Baptist church was in 1822, the body of
Jonathan Carroll being the first interment. The first interments were
made in the Vansickle burial ground at a very early day. A large
number of kindred, and probably a few others, are interred therein.
The burial ground adjacent to the Baptist church at Bristol was first
used about 1836, the time not definitely known. Previous to the 
establishment of public burying grounds in Pike township, a number of 
interments were made, from this township, in the Methodist grave-yard
at Rehoboth and also in Thrall's family grave-yard, on the Thrall
farm, in Clayton township.
     The New Lexington cemetery, comprising a tract of about thirty
acres, was purchased jointly by the town and township, laid off into
burial lots, walks, and streets, and opened to public use in 1874. The
first interment was the body of the late Colonel D. W. D. Marsh, in
December, 1874. Soon after this date, several removals were made of
bodies from the older cemeteries in town to the new cemetery. Though
only a few years have passed, a large number of interments have been
made, and quite a number of beautiful and even costly monuments
erected. New Lexington cemetery is situated on a beautiful, commanding 
eminence, south of town, is planted in forest trees, and is nicely set
in grass or laid off into walks and drives. Towns and cities of living,
animated beings, may increase or decrease, but it needs no prophet to
tell how populous must become, in time, this silent, sacred city of the
dead.

     NEW LEXINGTON.--New Lexington was founded in 1817, by James
Comly, who had bought Samuel Clayton's farm, including a grist-mill,
situated on Rush Creek. In order to have the streets run just as was
desired, a few lots at the east end of the town were from the lands of
John Comly, a brother of James. This John Comly lived not far from
the present residence of Robert Huston, on the same farm, at the old

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house a few rods above the big spring. The Comlys were of Quaker
ancestry, and originally came from Pennsylvania. James Comly first
settled in Pickaway county, not far from Circleville, but the family were
constantly sick, and while the husband was bed-fast with malarial fever,
of long duration, the farm was sold and the family removed to Perry
county, and bought, as already related. It is a singular fact that Mr.
Comly, after recovering from his long illness, had not the slightest
recollection of selling his Pickaway land or of signing the deed.  The
principal negotiations had, in fact, been made by the wife and mother,
although it was supposed, of course, that Mr. Comly understood and
sanctioned all that was done. He never had any disposition to disturb
titles, however, and the purchasers remained in quiet and undisturbed
possession.
     New Lexington was named after the immortal Lexington, of 
Revolutionary fame. The original town plat consisted of only sixty-four
lots, containing one fourth of an acre each. The town had three 
parallel streets, Main, Jackson and High; there were also two alleys, east
and west. The trees had been felled, but the lots and streets were full
of stumps and brush. The lots were sold at public auction.  An auctioneer 
of some note, whose name was Gray, was engaged to cry the
sale. Persons yet living, who were present at the sale, have a distinct
recollection of the auctioneer and some of the incidents of the sale. The
auctioneer had an oily tongue and possessed the gift of gab, which traits
likewise distinguish some of his gifted successors. The town was centrally 
located, declaimed the eloquent Gray, half way between all other
places, near the center of what would be a New County, would eventually 
be a county town, and a place of commerce and consequence. After
an expenditure of considerable elocution, the first lot was sold for
twenty-five dollars. Some of the lots brought fifty dollars. The prices
ranged from twenty to fifty dollars, though some of the lots sold for less
than twenty. James Comly did not become rich by the enterprise of
laying out the town, but he probably made as much as he anticipated.
	Jacob Barnthistle built the first house in town, on the lot where
Berkimer and Kishler's buggy factory now stands. It was a good sized
dwelling house, built of hewed logs, and stood back from the street.
Barnthistle was a tanner. His tan-house and vats were on the lot where
Hixon Hunt now resides, just back of the Barnthistle residence. The
dwelling house and the old tan-house, were not torn down until after
New Lexington had become a railroad and county town. The second
house, a dwelling, was erected on the lot now owned by John Smith.
The third house was built by Ezekiel Cheney,at the east corner of the
Public Square. Before it was altogether completed, it was sold to Jacob
Barnd, Esq. Elder of Somerset, opened the first store in the place.
Jacob Barnthistle started a Tannery, already referred to. Jacob Barnd
was a hatter by trade. He built a shop, bought furs, and manufactured
hats and caps for the early settlers, and their numerous progeny of boys.
He also kept tavern. His tavern sign read thus: "Temperance House,
by J. Barnd." It had no bar attached, and, in that respect, differed
from nearly all other taverns of the period. In a short time a carding
and fulling mill was put up on the south corner of the Public Square,
directly opposite the Barnd tavern. This mill had an immense wheel,

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and was run by horse or cattle power. Smith Riley and Alexander
Brown run the factory for a number of years. The village soon boasted
of a sawmill, grist-mill, carding and fulling-mill, store, tavern, postoffice.
tannery, church, school-house, blacksmith shop, hat shop, shoe shop,
and about a score of dwelling houses. It grew very slowly, however,
until about 1840, when it appeared to receive a new impetus, increased
more rapidly in population and business, and, not long after that date,
became a corporate town.
     As has been hereinbefore related, the original town plat consisted of
only sixty-four lots, and, for twenty-seven years, there appeared to be
nothing like a necessity for any addition. But the additions came on
in course of time, numerous enough. The first was Bugh's addition,
April 12, 1844; Fates' came next, September 9, 1845; (Comly's first 
addition, October 27, 1849; Skinner's, January 17, 1850; Bastian's, March
6, 1854; Comly's new addition, June 15, 1854; Huston's first addition,
December 19, 1854; Bastian's Station addition, August 3, 1855; Rothran 
and Mackin's, August 25, 1856; Railroad, March 5, 1857; Houston's 
second, March 17, 1857; Central, December 6, 1856; Northwestern, 
April 15, 1859; Carroll's, April 25, 1860; Comly's third addition,
March 6, 1868; Kelley's, March 8, 1871; North, August 21, 1872;
Northwest, June 1, 1873; South, August 15, 1873; Kelley's second,
February 2, 1874.
     These numerous additions exhibit, in a good degree, the growth and
expansion of the town since 1844. The population did not much exceed 
one hundred in 1840. It was 836 in 1860, 954 in 1876, and 1,357
in 1880. These figures, however, do not include all that may very
properly be called the town. The corporate limits are, for some reason, 
very much circumscribed. For example, all the flouring mills are
outside the corporate limits. The south side of Mill street is also all
outside. Some twelve or thirteen roads lead into the place, and for a
mile or more from the Court House, on almost every road, are scattering 
houses, and groups of houses, which, for all practical purposes, belong 
to the town, and these suburban residences are constantly on the
increase.
     New Lexington now contains six churches, a post office, one union
depot, two telegraph offices, one opera house, one union school-house of
eight rooms, one female academy, three newspapers, one bank, three
flouring mills, one planing mill, door and sash factory, one hub and
spoke factory, one woolen mill, one foundry, corn and cob mill
factory, two wagon and buggy factories, three hotels, five dry goods
stores, two hardware stores, two drug stores, one drug and
jewelry store, seven groceries, two bakeries, two cabinet-ware
establishments, two tin shops, four shoe shops, two merchant 
tailoring establishments, one shoe store, five millinery stores, four
blacksmith shops, three ice cream and oyster saloons, three barber
shops, two book stores, two butcher shops or meat stores, two livery
stables, one marble shop, two tanneries, one saw mill, one cigar factory,
and ten saloons, several of them with billiard tables attached. The
town also contains fourteen lawyers, five physicians and two dentists.
	New Lexington has two railroads, the Cincinnati and Muskingum
Valley, and the Ohio Central. The principal streets are graded and

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macadamized with "chert," a flinty stone found within and near the
corporate limits, in great abundance. As a result of the natural lay of
the land, and the grading that has been done, the general drainage is
complete and satisfactory. The original plat, and much of the additions
thereto, are situated on a western spur of the great Divide which is 
distant two or three miles to the south and east. Rush Creek flows at the
base of the spur on the north side, and Fowler's Run---a considerable
stream---on the south and east. These creeks unite about half a mile
west of the Court House, just outside the corporate boundary. Yerger's
Run---not quite so large as Fowler's-flows into the west end of the
town from the north, and empties into Rush Creek about twenty rods
below the mouth of Fowler's Run. The town, in pursuance of the
laws of its growth, has overspread all the available part of the spur, and
has extended into and beyond the valleys of Rush Creek, Fowler's
Run and Yerger's Run. The later improvements appear to be creeping 
up the hill-sides to the summit of other spurs of the same great Divide, 
to which reference has been made. Considerable building is in
progress, during the present season of 1882.

     LODGES.---The New Lexington Masonic Lodge No. 250, was chartered 
and organized in 1854, and has continued in regular working order
to the present time. New Lexington Lodge No. 241 of I. 0. 0.F. was
organized in 1853, and continues to the present.  The New Lexington
Division of Sons of Temperance was organized in 1844, and was 
sustained seven years, when it disbanded. The New Lexington Lodge of
Good Templars was organized in 1866, continued six years and disbanded 
in 1873. A Lodge of Foresters was instituted a few years since,
but did not long continue.
     A Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry was organized in New Lexington 
in 1873, and continued for several years, but is now disbanded.
A Chapter of Royal Arch Masons has recently been organized.

     BANKS.---The First National Bank of New Lexington was organized
in 1872, and located in the Mackin building on the south corner of the
Public Square. The bank bought ground made vacant by the fire
of 1874, and erected the present bank building in the latter part of the
year named. The National Bank charter was voluntarily surrendered,
and the concern reorganized as a private bank of deposit and discount,
in 1877, under the name and style of Perry County Bank, and continues
to do business as such at the present time. The institution has, since
its organization, had the confidence of the public, and receives a liberal
patronage.
     The Farmers' and Miners' Bank was also organized in 1872, and
located in the room where the postoffice now is, in the Marsh block.
It did business for a year or two, then wound up its affairs honorably
and discontinued. The Perry County Bank is now the only one in
New Lexington.

     THE FIRE OF 1874---The fire of February, 1874, was one of the
most notable and certainly the most disastrous occurrence in the history
of New Lexington. The fire originated in Dr. A. White's drug store,

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and, as the room was in a great part filled with highly combustible 
materials, it was full of smoke and flame before any one could enter. Dr.
White occupied the second story as a residence, and so quickly did the
fire spread, and break into the upper story, that several members of
the family barely effected their escape, without other apparel than their
night clothes. Horahan's block, in which White's drug store was situated, 
was a frame building. Jacob Nease occupied the basement story as a
billiard saloon. J. V. Ward & Brother's grocery store, and Dr. White's
drug store were in the second story, on a level with the front pavement.
Dr. White occupied the whole upper story as a dwelling.
     There were screams of women and children heard, then cries of
fire, and soon all the bells of town were sounding the alarm. It was
about midnight, and all were in bed asleep; but in an incredible short
space of time, it seemed that everybody was on the streets, for they
were crowded with men and women. The fire had made much headway, 
in fact had broken out with such force and volume as to almost
paralyze beholders, and it appeared as though nothing could be done to
stay the mad career of smoke and fire. The people stood everywhere
with buckets and water, but what could be done? There was a strong
gale from the north, and the flames quickly flew to the large produce
building of J. D. Webster, and then on to J. W. Montgomery's grocery
store, and the large new block in which P. J. Kelley lived, and also had a
large business room, just then vacant. Next to the P. J. Kelley property, 
and between it and the Diller block, was a narrow alley. Before
the advancing flames had reached the Kelley block, it was decided that
a strong effort should be made to stop the fire at the alley between Kelley 
and Diller's. Diller's block was covered with carpets and fairly
drenched and saturated with water. The roof was full of men, brave
and strong, who constantly threw water on every part of the house, and
especially on the side nearest the fire. The water buckets were passed
up on ladders to the roof. All the while onward came the crackling,
roaring flames, and pushed their fiery tongues over into the alley, and
at last against the Diller building. Still the battle went on. The buckets 
of water came faster and thicker, and were dashed against the side
or on the roof. The Diller block took fire and began to blaze, but the
blaze was drowned out, at first, only to come again and with greater
violence; and then it was apparent that the battle was lost. The fiery
flames had won. Slowly and reluctantly the men retired from the roof.
Some of them were so determined, that they had to be almost forced
away. Onward moved the devouring monster, and, in a very short
time, the Diller building was all ablaze.
     It was evident to those who were watching the fire and noting its
progress, that there was no chance of saving the houses between the
alley already referred to, and East Alley, some fifteen or twenty rods
distant. This was a somewhat wider alley, and the last house next to it
was a small frame building, one story in height. Just across the alley
stood the large two-story furniture establishment of J. C. Elder. It
was determined to tear down the one-story house, and keep the Elder
block as wet as water would make it. Axes, crowbars and pike poles
were brought into requisition, and the one-story house cut down and
pulled to pieces. A strong cable was attached to the different fragments,

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and scores of men laid hold and pulled the debris out of the reach of
the fire. There was no time to lose. Onward came the fire, sweeping
everything before it. The J. D. Bowman building, the Meloy and Milligan 
furniture building,. Mrs. Forquer's and Mrs. Lizzie Colborn's
dwelling houses were in the track of the fire, and, of course, consumed.
The old one-story house which was owned by Newton Thacker, was
hardly razed and pulled out of the way, until the fire was there with its
angry tongues, and threatening sparks and flames. It appeared to have
gained force and volume as it progressed, and fears were entertained
that it would leap across the space where stood the one-story house, and
across the alley, and set on fire the Elder block. The Elder roof had
as many men on it as could work, and water was rapidly passed up the
ladders to them. It was for a time feared that the battle would be but
a repetition of the one at the preceding alley. Just here, and at a critical 
moment, when water appeared to be getting a little scarce, a
woman who was known to but few present, in a firing commanding
voice, and apparently with authority, organized a new line for passing
water buckets, which did very effective work. As the names of none
of the other brave and efficient workers have been mentioned, hers will
not be either, though she was spoken of after the fire in terms of great
admiration. When the fire began to diminish, with the Elder building
still safe, and it became apparent that the destroying flames were at
last under control, cheers and shouts of joy went up, the like of which
is seldom heard.
     The houses on the opposite side of the street were very much blistered, 
and the glass in many of the windows and doors was cracked by
the intense heat, and only the utmost vigilance and watchfulness prevented 
them all from going. The wind carried the sparks and coals of
fire to a great distance, and several roofs were set on fire, but were put
out without doing any great damage.
     The aggregate losses by this fire, in real estate and personal property, 
were estimated at fifty thousand dollars. With the exception of
the first two or three buildings burned, the principal portion of the personal
property was saved, much of it, however, in a damaged condition. 
The best blocks in town have since been erected on the burnt
district, but the space made vacant by the fire, has not yet all been
filled.

     THE CRUSADE.---The crusade began in January, 1874, at Hillsboro
and Washington Court House, and soon after the wave struck New 
Lexington. The first meeting was a night one held in the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. The house was filled to overflowing. Organization was
effected, and the next day a band of praying women, to the number of
seventy-five or eighty, set out from the Presbyterian Church to pray at
the drug stores, saloons and all other places where intoxicating drinks
were sold. The drug store proprietors were not long in signing the
pledge presented; then the praying, singing and visiting went on until
all the saloons had been visited. At.night there was another large meeting, 
this time in the Second Baptist Church. Progress was reported,
speeches and prayers made, and songs of faith and triumph sung. The
day and night meetings were continued for six or seven weeks, and the

241

 
saloons were visited daily by the praying band of women. One by one
the liquor dealers succumbed, until all but two had signed the pledge to
discontinue the selling of intoxicating drinks. The night meetings
were always crowded, and sometimes of thrilling interest. The community 
generally was wonderfully swayed and influenced, for the time
being. There is no room for doubt that the consumption of intoxicating 
drinks was, for the time, much diminished. There was much opposition 
to the proceeding, but the praying band of women was almost
universally treated with the highest respect and consideration. The
meetings at length came to an end, the old order of things gradually
resumed its accustomed sway, and the question of whether any permanent 
good was done, is one upon which people will naturally differ in
opinion. The crusade itself, however, was a notable event in local
history.

     NEW LEXINGTON IN 1838.---The following is from a pamphlet sketch
of New Lexington, descriptive of the town and environs, and some of
the habits and customs of 1838, when the place was only a small
village. The author of the sketch first describes the town as it then
appeared:
     "We will begin at the north end of Main street, on the western side.
This is a natural beginning point, and was the first lot sold at the original 
auction of town lots. On this lot, now occupied by the residence of
Edward Rose, stood a long frame or weather-boarded log house, with
the end to Main street. In 1838, or possibly not until the Spring of
1839, it was occupied by H. B. Chappelear, as a residence and shoe
shop. Passing along the same side of the street, the next improvement
was on the lot where Dr. Taggart now resides, which was occupied by
William Courtney as a residence and chair shop. I think there was
some kind of a house on the lot where Mrs. Chenoweth now lives, but
whether occupied by Absalom Chenoweth, or some one else, I am not
positive. Soon after 1838 the present dwelling, now occupied by Mrs.
Chenoweth, was built by Absalom Chenoweth, her husband, now many
years dead. About where Mr. Holmes lives stood a log dwelling with
the end to the street, and occupied by Mrs. Grigsby, now Mrs. Grimes,
and living only a few rods from her old home. There was a small
frame, or weatherboarded log building, on the lot where the Central
House now stands, occupied at short intervals by different parties, but,
in 1838, James and Thomas Durban had their tailor shop there. Where
Motz's bakery now stands was a frame building, used by Eli Montgomery 
as a cabinet shop. The place now occupied by the residence and
cabinet ware-rooms of J. C. Elder was occupied by a one-story frame
house. I can not state who lived in it, or whether it was occupied in
1838, unless as a ware-room by John Comly, who had a store in the
brick on the corner, the same now in use by Murtha & Lennon, as a
residence and grocery. John Comly was leading merchant of the town,
and did an extensive and profitable business in the old brick. The
brick building, and the frame adjoining just referred to, were soon after,
and for many years, occupied by George Chappelear as a tavern stand.
     'We pass to the corner now occupied by Edward Mackin. On this
corner lot stood the carding and fulling mill, run by Smith Riley and

242

 
Alexander Brown. These mills were run by horse or cattle power,
tramping upon an immense wheel. The carding machine was on the
corner, and the fulling mill about where Miss Green has her millinery
store. The fuller was a simple, rude contrivance, but, as the great
wooden blocks punched, pounded, and squeezed the woolen fabrics, the
village boys looked upon it as the most wonderful piece of machinery in
the world. Where now is Morehead's hardware store and W. A. Mason's 
tailor shop, was a small one story frame dwelling, and a small
store room, both occupied by John Huston, who was a successful merchant 
of that day. On the lot now owned and occupied by Joseph Weiland 
as a residence and meat store, stood the dwelling and office of Dr.
Nelson Mason, the principal physician of the village. On the next lot,
now owned by John Smith, back from the street stood a log house,
occupied by Samuel Feigley as a dwelling. He soon after built the
frame that now stands on the street.
     "On the next lot was situated the dwelling and cabinet shop of Robert 
Essington. The buildings were both small. Essington was an old
bachelor, and resided with his mother. On the next lot, bordering on
East alley, stood a two story dwelling, with a portico in front, and 
occupied by K. E. Huston, who had just been married. George Rankin, a
merchant, had previously lived in the house for a number of years.
Across the alley, where Walter Rutter now lives, resided Mrs. Jane
Allen, a tailoress, who made up many good and satisfactory garments
for the citizens of that day. There was no other improvement until we
come to the corner where Dr. Swingle now lives. This was occupied
by Moses Daniels, who was a shoemaker, and "whipped the cat"
around the country, as well as carried on at his home.
     "We have now arrived at the southern end of Main street of the 
original town and the time of 1838. Let us cross over and go back on the
other side of Main street. The first improved lot we come to is the one
on the corner of Main street and East alley, now occupied by a carriage
shop, and other buildings. This lot contained a two story log dwelling, 
situated directly on the alley, but back thirty or forty feet from
Main street. It was occupied by Jacob Bugh, a tanner by trade. He
had his tannery below the old schoolhouse, adjacent to what is now the
north end of Brown street. Directly across East Alley from where
Jacob Bugh lived was a small frame building, standing a little back
from the street, and adjoining was a small store room, with the front
end on Main street. This residence and store room was occupied by
Jesse Skinner. Mr. Skinner kept an assortment of goods and groceries,
and was postmaster, also. The next lot, adjoining what was then a
private alley, and the same on which Mr. Schofield is now erecting a
block, was occupied by Aaron Petty as a residence and blacksmith
shop. The dwelling was next to the alley and the shop on the opposite
corner of the lot, both, however, on Main street. Crossing the private
(now public) alley, we come to a large two story house, extending
across the front of the lot, with a wing facing the alley, which was a
public house, a tavern, kept by Jesse O. Piper. It was a log structure,
but weatherboarded, painted red, and was a respectable looking village
tavern. The next improved lot we come to, is the one on the corner,
where the Horahan block now stands. On this lot stood "The Temperance

243

 
House, by J. Barnd," and another small building, used for a
hat shop, for Jacob Barnd was a hatter by trade. But, about 1838, he
abandoned the hat making business, and turned the shop into a cake,
candy, and notion establishment. The hotel building was only a story
and a half in height, the dining room small, and the sleeping rooms
not extensive, but it managed, for many years, to do quite a lucrative
business. What is now the park was, in 1838, a part of the public
square. Facing the square, and about where Overmyer's hardware
establishment is, stood a good sized log house, which was the home of
Mrs. Eckles, mother of Mrs. Julia Barnd. Mrs. Eckles lived to a great
age, and was well known all over the country. The front of the corner
lot was not built on until 1840. It is possible that the long and wide
one story frame, extending from about where Smith's store now is to
the north end of McArdle's property, was erected, or commenced, in
1838, but I think it was not built, or at least finished, until 1839. This
long frame edifice was designed for a tobacco warehouse, but the 
sudden death of John Comly, in April, 1840, changed the tide of affairs,
and it was eventually converted into shops, stores, and dwellings.
Crossing West Alley to where H. B. McLaughlin now resides, we find
it occupied as a residence by Smith Riley. It was a story, or a story
and a half house, and was painted yellow. The lot where Mrs. Hickman 
resides contained a building, standing on Main street, that was
used some years as a blacksmith shop. About 1838 it was so occupied
by William Dempsey. Mr. Dempsey was an uncle of the celebrated
author and newspaper correspondent, Janairus McGahan, who died
recently, at Constantinople. The next improved lot we reach is the one
so long the residence of Eli Montgomery. I can not say who occupied
it in 1838, but very soon after that it became the residence of Eli 
Montgomery. The dwelling was a weatherboarded log structure, and was
torn away only a few years since, when Newton Thacker erected the
present nice and commodious edifice, now occupied by L. J. Jackson.
     "This completes the tour of Main street, as it was in 1838. Let us
now pass down Water to Jackson. Going southward, on Jackson, we
find no house until opposite where the Second Baptist church now
stands. This lot was occupied by a two story log house, which, at 
different times, was the residence of several families; but, in 1838, I think
Rev. Courtland Skinner lived there. Passing on, we find no more 
improvements until we arrive at the old frame schoolhouse, situated on 
the east corner of the lot now occupied by John C. Smith. The school
building faces Jackson street. On the next lot, where William McCloy
now lives, was a log dwelling occupied by a man by the name of 
Shedron. He could speak no English, was a blacksmith by trade, and
worked for Aaron Petty. We have no further improvements until we
reach the lot where Hixon Hunt now resides. On this lot stood a large
frame building, known as the "old tan house." The house and lot had
been used as a tannery by Mr. North, but subsequently abandoned on
account of the water giving out. This old tan house stood for many
years, and was used for packing tobacco, as a barn, stable, workshop,
and particularly for the boys to play "Antony Over." We have no
other houses until we come to the corner lot now occupied by A. J.
Ward. On this lot was a log dwelling, in which lived William Vanwye.

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He continued to reside there until within a year or two of his
death, which occurred only a few years ago.
     "We have now done with Jackson. Passing down Walnut to High,
and up High, the first house we come to is a story and a half log dwelling, 
on the lot where Thomas Mains lives. This house, in 1838, and
for many years before and after, was owned and occupied by Alexander 
Brown. Next, on the lot where Lloyd Whipps lived, stood a little
log house occupied by Mrs. Cheney, widow of Ezekiel Cheney. This
Cheney was one of the very first settlers of the town. He built the
original house on the corner where the Horahan block now stands, and
sold out to Jacob Barnd. Passing along High street, the next improved
lot we come to is the Presbyterian Church lot. Here stands a large
frame structure, built only a year or two preceding, and hardly yet 
finished. It is near the center of the lot, and the entrance, instead of
being next to High street, is at the end next to the alley. But all
around was then a common, and people did not pay any great attention
to streets and alleys. From the Presbyterian church to Water street
all was a common.
     "The First Baptist Church, or the "Old Porcupine," as some of the
young people nicknamed it, on account of the shagginess of the roof,
stood within a few feet of the site of the present building, now on Church
street, then simply a county road. It was a large log structure, with
a double door in the front center, a stairway leading to a gallery used
only on extra occasions, and a high octagon sort of a pulpit, which was
reached by another stairway. There were regular services here each
"fourth Lord's Day and Saturday preceding," at the yearly visitation
meeting, and on other special and irregular occasions. The congregation
was usually large, and was composed principally of the first settlers and
their descendants, mostly Pennsylvanians, but embracing also some
Virginians and Marylanders. The house was partially surrounded by
trees, and in front was a lawn. The Presbyterians and. Methodists
also formerly worshiped here, but in 1838 they removed to the new
Presbyterian Church, of which we will now speak. This edifice was
erected in 1836 or 1837, would seat four or five hundred persons, and
for several years was jointly used by the Methodists and Presbyterians.
A flourishing Sunday-school was in operation there in 1838, with Samuel
Carroll as Superintendent, and Robert Stewart, the public school teacher,
as Assistant Superintendent. Stewart was a man of correct deportment
and great piety, but he was not a member of the church, or of any
church, but he was the power behind throne, so to speak-the real
manager and controller of the school. In the fall and winter season
there was nearly always a regular organized singing school at this
church. About 1838 Stephen Barnes, who had recently been County
Auditor, and Ira Carroll conducted a series of singings in the Presbyterian 
Church, the largest and most popular, perhaps, ever held in the
town. There were sometimes over one hundred singers. Barnes
understood music and had a very sweet voice. The school used the
old Missouri Harmonist. There were many good singers belonging to
the school. The Harpers were all natural singers, and to hear them
sing at home was better than almost any traveling concert. The Harpers, 
Browns, Wrights, Carrolls, Colborns, Wilsons, Kennedys, Davises,

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Coddingtons, Skinners, Rushs, Fowlers, Barnds, Grimeses, Strawns,
Ashbaughs, Donaldsons, and many others, were represented in these
schools. Young people would often come six or eight miles to attend a
singing. There was always an intermission, which was devoted to
social conversation.
     "The widow of James Comly, the chief proprietor of the town, lived
in a story and a half brick, situated on the hillside, a little below the
house in which Mr. Maxwell resides, on Factory street. It was a farm
house and outside of town, of course. The Comlys had three mills-
two saw-mills and a grist mill. The old saw-mill stood where now is
about the center of Morehead's stone quarry lot, on the waters of Skinner's 
or Fowler's run. The stream is now sometimes called the Oxawoosie. 
This was not the natural course of the water, but a long
channel or race was cut and the water brought to the point. The old
mill did its last sawing about 1839. The grist mill was quite a large
frame structure, and was situated on the waters of Rush Creek, about
where Mrs. Meenan now lives. It was run awhile as a water mill, and
then steam fixtures were attached. The steam power was not a success,
and the old mill was abandoned. It did not stand on the natural channel
of the creek, but a large race was made from near the old depot bridge
to the point where the mill stood. The new saw mill erected by John
Comly stood on the natural channel of Rush Creek, just below where
C. H. Bailey now resides. Some of the old foundation timbers are yet
to be seen. In 1838 the mill was in very successful operation, and was
adding pretty rapidly, for those days, to the fortune of John Comly.
Comly's mill dam was large, extending over a good part of what is now
the south part of "Limerick," and backing water often for a half mile
above town. The dam was a popular resort for bathing in summer, and
for skating and playing games of "shinny" in winter. It was an exciting 
scene to witness a party of twenty-five or thirty play a sharply
contested game of "shinny" on the smooth, frozen surface of this dam.
The hill now occupied by the school property, Second Baptist Church,
and Sheriff Crosbie's residence, was a common, on which stood many
large oak trees, but the small under-growth and rubbish were all cleared
away. Menageries and circus shows pitched their tents here, and
public meetings of various kinds had for years been held there. About
1838, there was a large Fourth of July celebration on these grounds.
There was a long table and a free dinner, and a gay civic and military
display. The old Lexington Guards were in all their glory. I believe
there was no regular orator of the day, but there were numerous regular
and volunteer toasts, and they were gravely read and drank with a gusto
that cannot now be easily realized. The long table was surrounded by
guests, a reader was stationed at each end of the table, standing on it.
A toast was read at one end, a fleet-footed boy would run with it to the
reader at the other end, where it was read again. The Lexington
Guards would fire a salute, the old anvil would boom, and the guests
would all simultaneously rise, drink and halloo. And all this ceremony
was repeated with every toast. The reader has often heard about an
old-fashioned Fourth of July---this was one of them. It looked big to
the small boy who had not seen much of the world, but had read 
something of Lexington, Concord and Yorktown. On the evening of this

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very day, or possibly a year later, the ladies got up a Fourth of July
supper. The supper was spread on improvised tables, beneath the 
apple trees adjoining Jacob Bugh's residence. All the families in town
who desired participated in this supper. It was a sociable affair, and
said to have been greatly enjoyed. Thus the people were sometimes
entertained forty years ago.
     "There were few approaches to the town in 1838 as compared with
the present. One bridge across Rush Creek served for both the Somerset 
and Zanesville roads. It was situated six or eight rods below where
Henry Free now lives. Of course there was no iron bridge or any
bridge at that point, no depot bridge, and none where the bridge now
is at Arnold's mill. The families north of town, in the summer season
and when the creek was low, in going to school or church, often crossed
at the ford, near where Arnold's mill now is. A little later James J.
Wilson and sons constructed a foot-log, with hand railing, about forty
rods further up the creek, which was used by the families north of the
creek. The Lancaster road turned obliquely to the left from where
Shelley McDonald now lives, passing to the foot of the hill, then turning 
to the right and passing up the hill several rods south of its present
location. There was no road where Water street, Brown street, and
Western avenue now are. There was no traveled road where Mill
street is, no road where Main street is south of Walnut, and no road
where Fowler street is. The road leading south was on or near where
Church street now is. The Deavertown road came in at the public
square, as now, but instead of winding around the hill and up the creek,
as at present, it led straight across Huston's big hill. The woods 
environed the town closely on almost every side. There were large trees,
as before stated, on the school-house hill, large oak trees close to the
old Baptist Church, heavy woods nearly all along what is now one side
of Mill street, and much of Kelly's addition and other parts of the town
were in woods in 1838.
     "It will not do, in making this picture of the times of 1838, to conclude 
without giving the school-house and village school something
more than a passing notice. The old frame school-house has already
been located and partially described. The house was well furnished
for its day and a small village. There were good writing desks all
around the wall and securely attached thereto; long, hard, smooth
benches stood by them for seats. There was also an inner circle, or
square rather, of these same benches for smaller pupils or those who
did not write. There was also a teacher's seat and desk stationed in
the north corner of the room. A large stove in the center was not a
very nice ornament in the summer, but was very useful in winter.
Robert Stewart was the teacher in 1838 and for many years before, and
for several years after, with but slight intermissions. He must not be
confounded with the well-meaning but poorly educated old-time teacher.
Stewart was educated at an academy in his native country, Ireland, and
began teaching at the early age of sixteen years, attending school and
teaching alternately until he had completed his education. He taught
a few years in the old country and then came to America, and finally
settled down permanently in New Lexington. How he came to settle
down in the then obscure village is, to the writer, something of a mystery.

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He was a perfect gentleman, dressed neatly and scrupulously in
broadcloth, with polished hat and boots, and habitually carried a handsome 
cane. He was most thoroughly educated in the common branches
of learning, and in penmanship could surpass any of the teachers of
Perry county that I know of to-day. I think he had some knowledge 
of the dead languages, but he was not a man to show off in anything,
and he never had any real occasion to air his Latin and Greek. He
was very methodical and exact in all his ways, and it was absolutely
painful to him to see a crooked row of figures, or a crooked or slanting
line across a slate, but he was compelled to endure a great many of them.
Young men and women frequently came for miles to his school, particularly 
in the summer time, when it was not crowded with resident pupils.
     "Stewart had a way of dismissing school in the evening that I never
saw or heard of at any other place. When study and recitation ceased,
he named a girl and boy to quietly distribute hats, bonnets, shawls,
baskets and buckets to their proper owners, and when this was 
accomplished, he would stand up and say, "Good evening, girls," and
the girls would quietly pass out; then he would say, "Good evening,
boys," and the boys would go out in the most quiet, orderly manner.
This quiet and with him impressive way of dismissing school for the
day, was strangely at variance with his mode of dismissal for noon, for
then he would look at his watch and simply say, "You may have your
dinners," and some of the boys would be eating lunch before the teacher
had his watch returned to the fob. The signal for books was the teacher
standing in the school-house door, holding up his pocket handkerchief
at full arm's length. No gong or bell could start the boys in the direction 
of the school-house door with more rapidity than the simple elevation 
of this bandana.
     "We will call the roll of pupils for a random day of 1838, and then
bid the village school good-by. Almost all are far away, some are
dead, and others are near at hand, but no longer answer to roll-call as
lads and lasses, pupils at school: John Wilson, Oliver Wilson, Calvin
Wilson, Hiram Wilson, John Davis, James Davis, Jane Davis, Sarah
Kennedy, Davis Kennedy, Ephraim Colborn, David Hull, Hannah Jane
Carroll, Sarah Carroll, Isaac Fowler, John Fowler, Charles Banks,
Mary Banks, James White, Melvilla Skinner, Loxley Barnd, Sarah
Barnd, Horatio Mason, Simeon Petty, William Petty, Ralph Spencer,
Levi Reynolds, Mary Reynolds, Jacob McClellan, John Wilson, Martha
Wilson, Eleanor Huston,William Huston, James Johnson, James Comly,
Sarah Comly, Jacob Brown, Phoebe Brown, Anna Brown, Sarah Jane
Groves, John Vanwye, Isaac Hankinson, A. M. White, Ann White,
Sarah Daniels. This will do for an average day of the New Lexington
village school, in the fall or winter of 1838."

     BRISTOL (first called Burlington) was laid out in September, 1816,
by Samuel Smith and Jacob Hollenback, and is the oldest town in the
township. It is situated on the "Old Marietta Road," which was a
road leading from Lancaster to Marietta. Bristol is about three miles
south of New Lexington, on the road leading to the old town of Straitsville. 
The post office was first called Burlington, and was the first post
office in the south part of the county; subsequently the name was

248

 
changed to Pike, and the town itself from Burlington to Bristol. The
post office was finally discontinued, when Maholm, on the Newark,
Somerset and Straitsville railroad, only half a mile distant, was established. 
Burlington and Bristol never grew much, though the town was
nearly always had a tavern, a store or two, physician, and a few shops
of one kind or another. It now has two churches, Baptist and United
Brethren. The school house is a half mile from the village. Considering 
the old town and the new one at the railroad station as one, it is
larger and of more importance than in former years. There are large
coal works at and near the station. The population of Bristol in 1880
was 116. This probably does not include the town near the station.

     DICKSONTON---Dicksonton was laid out in 1875, by George Detwiler
and W. H. Price. It is situated in the extreme southern part of Pike
township, and has about one hundred inhabitants or upwards, though
the census of the place is not taken separately. The people are engaged 
principally in mining coal and iron ore. The village contains
a store and post office. A school house is in contemplation.   The
town is chiefly noted as being the residence of "John Hancock," a
humorous writer for the county papers.

     MISCELLANEOUS.---The dread of getting bewildered, "lost," or
"turned round," as the trouble was variously expressed, was not an
uncommon one with the pioneers, and any person who ever went
through the mental and physical strain, has not the least desire to have
the experience repeated. While John Fowler was yet unmarried, and
passing his Sabbath at the home of James Thrall, on the south border 
of Clayton township, one Sunday morning, before breakfast,
he espied a deer passing near Thrall's house, and hatless and shoeless, 
and in his shirtsleeves, quietly took down the gun and followed
after it, hoping to get a shot at it somewhere in the woods not far away.
He pursued the deer, after the manner of hunters---watching, lying in
wait, and following up---nearly all day, until toward evening he discovered 
that he had lost his bearings, and was sadly bewildered.  He
started in what he thought was the direction of home, but could make
no progress in getting out of the woods, for he could tell by a very large
tree that was blown up by the roots, and other land-marks, that he was
traveling in a circle, instead of a straight line, as he desired. He thinks
he passed the big blown up tree more than twenty times.  He would
frequently strike out with the determination to walk in a straight line,
but invariably came upon the large uprooted oak.  He did not know
how many miles he had wandered from home, could not form an idea
where he was, and was sure his was a very bad case of "lost," and he
began to weaken. Despairing now of getting out of the woods without
assistance, he climbed a convenient, accessible tree, and hallooed with
all his might. He met with no immediate response, in any way, but
believing it to be the most likely way to obtain aid, he held on firmly
to the tree, and continued to halloo.  The brothers Robert and John
Colborn, who were in the woods that day, heard the frightened outcry
of someone, evidently in distress, and answered. The shouts were
repeated, and following in the direction from which they came, they

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found John Fowler in the tree, pale, anxious and well nigh exhausted.
He could not descend from the tree without assistance, and, when 
placed upon the ground, could not stand. He soon rallied, however,
"turned round" right once more, and was himself again, except that he
was very weak and hungry. Fowler was not a man to scare at trifles,
but it was the sickening, despairing "turn round" that overcame him.
The scene of Fowler's "lost" experience was up near the tunnel, on the
C. and M. V. railroad, though he supposed that he had wandered
much farther from home.
     Jacob Barnd and wife emigrated from Cumberland, Maryland, to
New Lexington, Ohio, in 1817, and bought an unfinished house from
Ezekiel Cheney, situated at the east corner of the public square. Benjamin 
Coddington and family had emigrated from the same part of
Maryland, a year or two before, and lived where Isaac Vansickle now
resides. The Coddingtons and Barnds had been acquaintances in 
Maryland, and, in a few months after the Barnds came out, Mrs. Coddington 
made a turkey roast, and invited the Barnds out to dinner. It was
a forthwith invitation, and Hannah Coddington, a girl about fourteen
years old, was entrusted with the important mission. Mr. Barnd, for
some reason could not go, but Mrs. Barnd prepared at once to accept
and return with Hannah Coddington. They soon started off along the
narrow path, through the dense woods. They got over in the neighborhood 
of Rehoboth, and turned back to try another path, but soon found
themselves at New Lexington. Miss Hannah thought she knew the
way now well enough, and off the two started again.  They had not
proceeded far until they heard the sound of a woodman's ax, and when
they came up to him, they found it was John Fowler. He accompanied
the ladies to a spot near where S. S. Avery now lives, and put them on
the Coddington path.  They reached the place in safety, and though
the turkey had been waiting for some hours, their appetites were all the
keener, and the dinner was good and much enjoyed, and old Maryland
and Pennsylvania matters fully talked over. There was a crossing of
paths a little east of New Lexington, and there is where the lady 
pedestrians were turned out of their way.
     Tradition has it that an Indian was killed in this township, sometime
after the county was settled by the whites, and after New Lexington
was laid out. This Indian is represented as a not very agreeable person, 
though he probably did no one any serious injury. He remained
about New Lexington for awhile, and started off to the southeast.  It
was alleged that he was followed by men, who had suffered much by
Indians in Pennsylvania or Virginia, and had sworn vengeance against
the race, and killed, and his remains buried at a point not far from the
Brier Ridge tunnel, on the Ohio Central railroad. If the bones of the
lone Indian should, in any way, be unearthed, at some future time, this
tradition of his death will serve to explain what might otherwise be 
considered a great mystery.
     The population of Pike township, by the census of 1880, was 3059,
and has been steadily increasing since that time.

     "AUNT PEGGY WRIGHT."---Margaret Wright, wife of Thos. Wright,
was one of the first pioneer women of Pike township, was a representative

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woman, and the last of all of them to pass from time to eternity.
She died in 1881, at the age of 92. On her ninetieth birthday she was
hearty and lively, and there was a great surprise gathering at her residence,
two miles east of New Lexington. A representative of the Perry
County Democrat, who was an invited guest and present, gave the 
following interesting account of the rare and memorable occasion:
     "Mrs. Wright had been informed that some of her neighbors and 
descendants would call upon her that day, but she was kept in ignorance
of the magnitude of the affair, until it gradually developed to her vision.
Children, grand-children and neighbors began to gather early, and, a
little after nine o'clock, carriages and buggies began to roll in from a
distance.   Descendants and other relatives from Clayton, Madison,
Reading and Hopewell townships came across by the Rehoboth road;
and the numerous guests from New Lexington came pouring out the
Deavertown road.  The barn-yard and public road were crammed
with horses and vehicles, and the large house was full up stairs and
down with the assembled guests. Half a dozen good coal fires were
booming, and the stairway leading from the first to the second floor was
frequently blocked by persons eager to go up or down. The New 
Lexington Cornet Band appeared on the scene about eleven o'clock, and
regaled the assembly with several of their choicest airs.
     "Dinner was announced a little after twelve, and continued until after
three. Tables were spread in the dining room and on the two back
porches. They were literally crowded with everything good to eat, and
the display of large fine cakes could not easily be excelled. Even the
good old crullers and 'tanglebreeches' were not absent. One of Aunt
Peggy's great-grand-children, (about thirty years of age,) after eating a
bunch of the 'tangles' nearly as large as his head, remarked that they
tasted very good, but were 'thin diet for a laboring man.' It was a little 
cool on the porch, of course, but the jokes and hot coffee flew thick
and fast, and the dining was well done. Every once in a while, all the
afternoon, ladies were running around trying to find somebody who had
not eaten. The day was given to hand sharing and general conversation, 
and the time was well occupied. Several attempts were made to
count the number of persons present, but they failed of complete success.
Those who tried it could count until they reached about two hundred
and seventy-five; but the remainder jumped around and ran up and
down the stairs so they could not be numbered. It is safe to say there
were three hundred present.
     "Aunt Peggy was, apparently, about the least surprised of anybody.
She was highly pleased, but was as calm and collected as though none
but the members of her own immediate family were in the house. She
was in the best of health, and got up and dressed herself before seven
o'clock. When told by some of the friends that they feared such a
large crowd might make her nervous, she promptly replied, 'don't be
the least alarmed; I am not one of the nervous kind;' and it cannot be
denied that she understood herself perfectly. She received many of her
friends standing, and seemed not at all fatigued in doing so. She knew
almost everybody that she had ever seen, and readily recognized some
persons that she had not met for nearly thirty years. She resides with
her son Jackson, at the old family homestead, in a large two story
frame house, erected about thirty-five years since,

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"Dr. Vanatta and family, and daughter Clara and family, from Uniontown, 
Muskingum county, were present. Mrs. Vanatta, the oldest
daughter of the late William Williams, of Madison township, Perry
county---looking almost as young and well as when she came to New
Lexington a bride twenty-five years ago-played the exceedingly 
interesting part of grandchild and grandmother, in the same act. The 
Democrat representative knew enough about the world to realize that he 
was looking upon a very rare scene, as Mrs. Vanatta sat beside her aged
grandmother, and called her own two little grandchildren to her side.
It is seldom, indeed, that five generations are gathered, at the same
time, under one roof, as on this memorable day.

     Sketch of Aunt Peggy.---Margaret Ankeny, who, for fifty years
or more, has been known in all this neighborhood as Aunt Peggy
Wright, was born in Somerset county, Pennsylvania, December 13th,
1789.  Her father's name was David Ankeny; her mother's maiden
name was Elsie Ritter. Margaret Ankeny was married to Thomas
Wright, December 25th, 1809. After their marriage, Mr. and Mrs.
Wright lived in Pennsylvania seven years, and until they had three
children. They then pulled up stakes at the old home, and removed to
what was then Muskingum, but what is now Perry county, Ohio. They
moved family and goods in a four-horse wagon, and were three weeks
on the way.  It rained every day of their journey but three; and they
ate their meals and slept in the wagon. They crossed the Muskingum
river at Zanesville on a flat boat. They halted in Putnam and got
breakfast. There was only one house in Putnam. Mr. Wright rented 
a farm in Madison township. The farm was on the State road, near
where David Ream now lives. They arrived there in April, 1813,
raised and saved a crop, and then came to the farm where Aunt Peggy
has ever since lived, and which Mr. Wright purchased. She has resided 
on this spot for sixty-six years.
     When Mrs. Wright and her husband came to this place, and unloaded 
their world's goods, neighbors were few and far between, and
the almost unbroken forest abounded with many kinds of wild game.
Deer, bears, panthers, wolves, wildcats, and other animals had their
home and habitation near. There was only one family living on Bear
Run; William Fowler lived near where Moxahala now is; John Fowler,
Samuel McClellan and James Comly lived where New Lexington now
is, and there were two or three houses close to where Rehoboth now is.
Rehoboth and New Lexington were not laid out.
     A bear once came and took a fat hog out of the pen near Mrs.
Wright's house, killed it and hid it in the leaves. The bear returned in
a few days and got another hog from a man by the name of W. Lashley, 
who lived where W. Hammond now lives. The neighbors were
aroused and all gathered in with guns and dogs. Uncle Thomas
Wright had two bullets in his gun, and as the bear raised up from the
dogs, he fired and killed it.  They hung it in Lashley's house, raised
the puncheons of the floor, and skinned and cleaned it in there, and
then divided the meat. When Jeremiah, one of Mrs. Wright's older
children, was a small boy, he was sent to a neighbor's, beyond Rehoboth, 
to get a cheese hoop repaired. On his return, when he got to
where Nugent's coal switch is, and only about a quarter of a mile from

252

 
home, he espied two cub bears, and, boylike, tried to catch them,when
the old bear raised up behind a log, and put its front feet upon it.-
Jerry made tracks fast enough toward home,and raised the alarm. 
Several men gathered with guns and dogs, and run the bear down on the
creek close to where Ira Carroll now lives. There the bear climbed
a tree. The bear was shot and tumbled to the ground. Ever since then
the creek near where the bear was killed has been called Bear Run.
     "Aunt Peggy has been the mother of eleven children, and raised ten
of them. She has eighty grandchildren and about seventy-five great-
grandchildren. She has also five descendants of the fourth generation.
Seven of her children are yet living, to-wit: Jackson Wright, Calvin
Wright and Julia Selby, wife of Thomas Selby, of the vicinity of New
Lexington; Mrs. Mary Williams, widow of the late William Williams,
of Madison township, Perry county; David Wright and Charlotte Yost,
of Missouri; and James Wright and Susan Carroll, wife of Benjamin
Carroll, of this place. Children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren 
are inter-married with the families of Williams, Selby, McClung,
Wilson, Carroll, Groves, Yost, Ream, Vanatta, Arnold, Teal, Moeller,
Snider, Hull, Colborn, Bright, Snell, Eversole, Zeigler, Guy, Barnes,
Koons, Hammond, and fully as many more, not known or not now 
remembered by the writer. So it will be readily observed, that a 
reunion of Aunt Peggy's descendants could be no small affair.
     "She united with the New Lexington Baptist Church in 1823, and
was baptized in Comly's mill dam, close to where H. N. Free's new
store house is. Rev. James Skinner was the pastor of the church at
that time, and administered the ordinance of Baptism. She attended
meeting at the residence of the late Samuel Rush, one mile southwest
of town, where Mr. Nixon now lives, and carried her baby, a distance
of three miles from home. She said she would rather walk than bother
with a horse.
     "Aunt Peggy is accustomed to say that those early pioneer days were
the happiest of her life, when she had plenty of work to do, and the
will and the strength to do it. She used to milk twelve or fifteen cows,
and made plenty of butter and cheese. She was a liberal feeder of her
stock, and she says that her 'calves didn't go around with tails like chestnut 
burs.' She pitched wheat and taught her husband how to build the
first wheat stack he ever made. She had learned that at home when a
girl. She would take her child to the field and lay it on a bunch of flax,
while she was engaged in pulling and saving the crop. For several
years she did all the sheep shearing. On one occasion she got breakfast, 
did up her work, clipped nineteen sheep in the forenoon, and went
to the house in time to get dinner for the men.
     "Thomas Wright, the husband of Aunt Peggy, died July 5th, 1864,
after which she kept house about one year, and then got her son 
Jackson to move into the house with her.
     "Rushs, Coddingtons, Hulls, Skinners, Thralls, and a number of
other families came to the neighborhood soon after the Wrights moved
down from Madison township. Mrs. Wright has one brother yet living.
His name is David Ankney, and he resides on the old home place in
Pennsylvania. Aunt Peggy thinks that she is stouter than any of her
daughters or granddaughters yet. She never had any trouble with her

253

 
neighbors, but always lived a life of peace, neighborship and good will.
She says she always made it a point never to 'fuss with the old man.'
When things did not go to suit her, she 'just shut her eyes like an ox
and went straight ahead.' It is seventy years this month since Aunt
Peggy was a bride, and she lived with her husband nearly fifty-six
years, though he has now been nearly sixteen years gone to his eternal
rest."

     "GRANDMOTHER BARND."---Next to "Aunt Peggy Wright,"
"Grandmother Barnd" was the last of the pioneer women of Pike
township to depart this life. She was another representative woman,
and one who is widely remembered. She died in 1880, at the age of
eighty-six. The following interesting facts are gleaned from an 
obituary sketch published in the Perry County Democrat:
     "Julia Ann Eckels was born at Cumberland, Maryland, February 9th,
1794. She was married to Jacob Barnd, December 26th, 1815. They
emigrated to New Lexington, Ohio, in 1817.
     "Their removal from Cumberland to this place was not an easy task,
under the circumstances. They brought no wagon, and only one horse.
We believe they had two little children at the time, and also brought
some light personal and household effects. Mr. Barnd, of course,
walked nearly all the way. New Lexington had just been laid out,
and a few log houses erected. Mr. Barnd bought an unfinished log
house, situated on the corner where the Horahan block now stands.
The house had been erected by Ezekiel Chaney, and was purchased
from him. Chaney was one of the first men that lived in the town.
The writer has often heard Mrs. Barnd describe the place as she rode
into town to her new home. The trees had been cut on Main street,
and the timber cleared away; but the brush had been piled flat, all along
the street, preparatory to being covered with earth, so as to round up
the street. But the brush was not covered for some time.
     "When Jacob Barnd and wife came to Ohio, Christian Barnd, a
brother of Jacob, lived on the farm now owned and occupied by Curtis
Rugg, a mile or two northwest of town. Sometime in the summer of
1817, two other brothers came to Ohio, and visited Christian and Jacob.
We have heard Mrs. Barnd describe how she wanted them to come,
yet dreaded their coming for they had no table, no chairs, and but very
little of anything else. A rude table was improvised, and three-legged
stools were made. She secured a wild turkey, got some potatoes of a
neighbor, and she had a cow, and milk of her own, if we remember
right. So the dinner was prepared, and, after all, was good enough
for anybody. The brothers were very jolly, as they sat around the rude
board, and enjoyed their dinner, the last they ever all ate together.
     "The log house on the corner was weather-boarded, raised in height,
and additions built to it, and it became the famous ''Temperance House,
by J. Barnd," and as such was very favorably known to travelers and
sojourners. Jacob Barnd was a hatter by trade, and he, for a long time,
carried on a shop, but finally abandoned the business. He died in
1856.
     "Mrs. Barnd united with the Old school Baptist church, and was baptized 
by Rev. James Skinner in 1819. At that time no Baptist church had

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been built in this place, and Mrs. Barnd went, once a month, afoot, and
carried her baby, to attend church, near where Henry Hazleton now
lives, at the mouth of Shawnee run. She would go Saturday and return 
Sunday afternoon. She united with the Second Baptist Church
thirty odd years ago. She was a regular attendant at church as long
as she was able to go anywhere, she lacked but two days of being
eighty-six years old at the time of her death.
     "Grandmother Barnd was one of the last of the pioneer women, who
came to the town and neighborhood previous to 1820. She had been
tenderly brought up in a town or city, and her people were well-to-do;
but she hesitated not to start out on a lonesome journey into the 
wilderness, and labor to found and furnish a new home. She did her part
nobly, and was highly honored and respected in every station of life.
Few persons will be more kindly or generally remembered when they
pass off the stage of action."

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