PROBATE JUDGES.---The probate court was first provided for by the
new constitution, adopted June, 1851. Under the old constitution the
functions of the probate court, were performed by the associate judges
of the court of common pleas, and clerk of court.  The following are
the Probate Judges, for the county of Fairfield, in order of their 
succession :
     Joel Rudibaugh, was elected in the fall of 1852; before his term
expired, he resigned, and Jesse Lockner was appointed to fill the
vacancy. In 1854, Virgil E. Shaw was elected, serving three years.
Succeeding him was Jesse Loehner, having been elected in 1857.  He
served three terms, in all 9 years. In 1866 Abraham Seifert was elected,
and served until 1872, when William L. Rigby was elected, serving two
terms.  In 1878 he was succeeded by S. Theodore Shaeffer, who is at
present filling the office. (1881.)
     CLERKS OF COURT.---At its first session, Hugh Boyl was appointed
clerk of the court of common pleas, in 1803, and continued to serve in
this capacity until 1833, when M. Z. Kreider was appointed in his place,
serving until 1842, in all eight years. Jacob Rudibaugh was then 
appointed, and served until the adoption of the new constitution, in 1851
     By the provisions of the new constitution, the office of clerk of the
court became elective, in place of appointing, as under the former 
     Martin Cragy was the first to be elected, serving one term, of three
years. He was then succeeded by John Rudibaugh, who also served
three years.  John C. Rainey, was the next elected and re-elected
serving in all six years. Jesse Vandemark succeeded him, serving,
likewise, two terms. His successor was Charles F. Rainey, who served
two terms.  In October, 1875, George Graybill was elected, serving
two terms, expiring with 1881.
     Hugh Boyl continued to serve as clerk of the Supreme Court, until
his death in 1841.
     SHERIFFS.—Previous to the year 1824, there appears no definite way
of fixing the exact order of successions, of the early sheriffs of Fairfield
county.  Of those, who are known to have served previous to that date,
are George Sanderson and William Crook, but the date and the length
of term cannot be given. From 1824 to 1881, the following are the
successions, in order:
     Edward B. Thompson, 1824-28; George D. Seits, 1828-32; Nathan
Wetherby, 1832-34; Silas Tum, 1834-38; Thomas Edingfield, 1838-40;
Samuel Ewing, 1840-44; Elias Perry, 1844-48; Oliver H. Perry, 1848-
52; James Weaver, 1852-54; William Potter, 1854-56; Aaron Ebright,


1856-60; James Miller, 1860-64; Emanuel Shisler, 1864-68; John D.
Jackson, 1868-72; William Bush, 1872-76; George Lee, 1876-80. In
October, 1880, Hiram Shoemaker, was elected sheriff, and is now in
office. (1881.)
     TREASURERS.—The office of county treasurer was created in 1826.
Previous to that time collectors of taxes were appointed by the county
commissioners, from 1802-27. During that time, taxes were collected
and paid over to treasurers, also appointed. They were, however, 
required to enter into bonds, with security.  The names of the early 
treasurers cannot be given. Only those who have served since 1826.
     Adam Weaver, 1826; Jacob Beck, 1830; Ewel Jefries, 1837; Asa
Spurgeon, 1841; Jeptha Newkirk, 1845; Francis Lilly, 1849; Edward
Graybill, 1853; Peter C. Bennadum, 1857: O. E. Davis, 1861; 
Bateman Beaty, 1863; Jacob Baker, 1867; Gilbert Schaeffer, 1871;
Henry Martens, 1875; J. M. Hickel, 1879
     COUNTY SURVEYORS.—Not until 1823, do the names of surveyors
appear in regular order, which are from that date as follows:
     Samuel Carpenter, 1823-26; Solomon Shaw, 1826-42; J. Card
1842-49; Gabriel Strunk, 1849-54; William Hamilton, 1854-56; Ezra
S. Hannum, 1856-57; Frank H. Carpenter, 1857-69; Levi Hartzler,
1869-74; Ezra S. Hannum, 1874-76; Charles Boreland, Jr., 1876-80.
He was then re-elected.
     The foregoing records of Probate Judges, Clerks of Court, Sheriffs,
Treasurers, and County Surveyors, is complete to 1881.  In compiling
the succession of other county officers, there have been so many 
difficulties met with, that to complete the list is impossible.
     The files of the Ohio Eagle, between 1810-38, are wanting. From them
the annual and biennial elections could have been shown. In the Gazette 
office the files are still more incomplete.  The court house records
are so voluminous and so miscellaneously disposed, as to well nigh
defy re-search, back through the eighty years of the county's existence.
County officers have however rendered important aid in facilitating the
prosecution of the search. The files of the Eagle, from 1838, are 
complete, with the exception of one volume, and a few mutilations. The
following lists are authentic:
     COUNTY AUDITORS.---Samuel Carpenter, 1820-28; Thomas U.
White, 1828-32; Henry C. Wilder, 1832-37; John C. Castle, 1837-44;
Alfred McVeigh, 1844-48; William L. Jeffries, 1848-54; James W.
Towson, 1854-56; A. J. Dildine, 1856-60; William Robinson, 1860-64;
William Shopp, 1864-68. Here a change in the law, extended the time
of the incoming Auditor, from February to the following November.
Lonis A. Blaire, the successor of Mr. Shopp, was elected to the two
terms succeeding, and under the new law held the office four years and
eight months, until November, 1873, when John C. Hite was elected,
and served four years, until 1877. The new law now requires three
years for a term. Ephriam K. Akers was elected, his first term expiring
in 1880, being re-elected, his second term will end November, 1883.
     PROSECUTING ATTORNEYS.---William Irwin, 1838-44; Washington
Van Ham, 1844-46; Emanuel Giesy, 1846-48; William R. Rankin,
1848-52; Virgil E. Shaw, 1852-54; Alfred Williams, 1854-56; James
W. Stinchcomb, 1856-60; William T. Wise, 1860-62; Tallman Stough,


1862-66; William A. Schultz, 1866-70; John G. Reeves, 1870-76;
Thomas H. Dolson, 1876-80; John McCormick, 1880, until his death in
     COUNTY RECORDERS.---William Gruber, 1830, succeeded by Henry
Miers. At the expiration of his term, 1837, William L. King was elected,
and served until 1848.  Then John K. Baker, 1848-49; Abraham Seifert,
1849-52; E. C. Hannum, 1852-56; Abraham Seifert, 1856-64;
Timothy Fishbaugh, 1864-81.
     COUNTY OFFICERS IN 1881.---Probate Judge, S. Theodore Shaeffer;
Clerk of the Court, George Graybill; Sheriff, Hiram Shumaker; 
Prosecuting Attorney, John McCormick; Auditor, Ephraim K. Akers;
Treasurer, J. M. Hickle; Recorder, Timothy Fishbaugh; Surveyor
Charles Boreland, jr.; Coroner, Thomas R. Tarpy; Commissioners,
W. McClenegan, William Fink, Henry Langle.
     COUNTY OFFICERS IN 1882.---Prosecuting Attorney, Daniel T. Clover;
Auditor, Benjamin F. Dum; Sheriff, H. H. Shoemaker; Surveyor,
Charles F. Boreland; Coroner, Simpson Sturgeon; Recorder, Charles
W. Parido; Treasurer, John W. Hickle; Clerk, William H. Wolfe;
Probate Judge, S. F. Shaeffer.
     JUDGES OF COURT.---At the opening of the first Court of Common
Pleas, for Fairfield county, on the second Tuesday of May, 1803, Judge
Wylys Silliman was the presiding Judge. In April, 1805, Robert F.
Slaughter was on the bench, and, in 1807, Hon. Leven Belt. In the
journal proceedings, we find that William Wilson was Judge from 1809-
19; John A. McDowell, 1820-23. In 1834, Gustavus Swan. who pre-
sided until 1839. The journal is signed variously by McDowell, Swan,
Augustus, and Grimke.  In 1839, Alexander H. Keith presided until
1851, when Henry C. Whitman was elected, serving until 1861, at
which time he resigned, and Philoman B. Ewing was appointed, to fill
his unexpired term.  In 1862, Philadelph Van Trump was elected, and
continued on the bench until elected to Congress, in 1867. Silas H.
Wright was then elected to the judgeship. In 1879, John S. Friesner,
of Logan, was elected to this bench
     COURT OF QUARTER SESSIONS.---The first judicial authority of Fair-
field county was that of the Court of "Quarter Sessions," first organized
in January, 1801, with Emanuel Carpenter, senior, as presiding Justice
Nathaniel Wilson, senior, David Vanmeter, and Samuel Carpenter,
     The session was first held in a log school-house.  A sheriff, by the
name of Samuel Kratzer, was appointed, and sworn by the bench. A
jury was also impanneled and sworn, called a "jury of inquest," and
composed of the following named persons; James Converse, Abraham
Wather, Jeremiah Conaway, Arthur Teal. Conrad Fetter, Robert 
McMurty, Samuel Coats, Abraham Funk, Thomas Cissina, Amasa Del-
anoe, John McMullen, Edward Teal, David Reese, and Barnabus Golden;
no indictments were found, and the jury were discharged.
     Two attorneys were sworn, William Creighton and Alexander White.
     Three county commissioners were appointed, Nathaniel Wilson, jr.,
Jacob Vanmeter, and James Denny.
     In the proceedings of the Quarter Session the following record 


     "Ordered, That a road be surveyed from the town of Fairfield, to
the head of the muddy prairie." Lancaster was probably meant by
"the town of Fairfield." The survey was made by Hugh Boyl.
     The first mortgage, of which any record appears, was recorded by
this Court of Quarter Sessions, for John Cleves Symmes, to Benjamin
Murphy, for the purchase of one hundred acres of land, for which the
payment was to be made in six years, with six percent interest.
     'This paper is dated August 19, 1801, and the sum contracted to be
paid was two thousand dollars. The figures given are probably erron-
eous, as twenty dollars an acre was not likely paid for wild lands at that
early day.
     FIRST ELECTION.---October 12, 1802, two members of the Constitu-
tional Convention were chosen by popular election, to frame a 
Constitution for the State of Ohio. This was the first election held in the
county of Fairfield. The two chosen were Emanuel Carpenter, senior,
and Henry Abrams, the former receiving two hundred and twenty eight,
and the latter one hundred and eighty-one votes.
     COURT OF COMMON PLEAS.---The proceedings of the first Court of
Common Pleas, in the county of Fairfield, were entered in a small
blank book, of two hundred and thirty-one pages. The paper is coarse,
of a dull white color, and unruled. The first dates are in 1803. Some
of the entries would appear odd now.  These records run through a
period of six years, from 1803-9. There are no dates given to the 
entries, other than they are a part of the proceedings of the March term,
or the June term, etc., and called "Minutes of the proceedings" of the
Court of Common Pleas " of Fairfield county."
     At the opening of the first term is written : "Before ____ Silliman,
Esquire, President."  The first Grand Jury were; David Reese, Joseph
Hunter, Henry Mesner, Jacob Lamb, John McMean, Thomas Cisne,
Frederick Teather, Thomas McCall, Joseph Work, James Black, John
Shepler, John Mills, and David Shellenbarger.
     A detailed statement of the proceedings of the court, through the
first six years, would scarcely be interesting. Still, the docket presents
a large number of civil cases, taking into consideration the population
at that age of the country. Licenses were granted for keeping taverns,
in several places, which contained a permit to sell intoxicating, or 
spirituous liquors.
     Several cases of assault and battery were tried, and either acquitted,
or fined. A number of men were fined for selling intoxicating liquors
without license.  Estates of deceased persons, orphans, and 
guardianships, received attention.
     FREE WHITE MALE INHABITANTS.---During the early years of Ohio,
the words, "Free white male inhabitants," entered into her legal forms,
as also the word "Redemptionist." Redemptionists being a class of
persons, who, in emigrating, from foreign countries to the United
States, who had not the means of paying their passage, were, upon
arriving in this country, sold to the highest bidder, or to one who paid
their passage, for a specified period of service. These persons were
termed redemptionists, and could not claim citizenship, until the redemp-
tion price was paid, by the expiration of their term of service, at which
time they became free. Hence, the form " free white male inhabitants."


     At an early day there were a few redemptionists in Fairfield county.
These forms have long since been obsolete, in the United States, as to
the white race.
     In December, 1803, in establishing the basis of representation, the
number of "free white male inhabitants" within the county of Fairfield,
was found to be 1,050 above the age of twenty-one years, and in 1807,
2,166 of the same class of citizens.
     VOTES CAST FOR GOVERNOR.---The votes cast in Fairfield county,
for Governor, from, and including, the years 1806-81, has a political as 
well as a numerical significance. They are as follows:
     In 1806, for Edward Tiffin, without opposition, 327 votes; in 1808
three candidates were in nomination, Samuel Huntington, 973, Thomas
Worthington, 192, and Thomas Kirker, three votes; in 1810, Return J.
Meigs, 335, Thomas Worthington, 738 votes; in 1812, Return J. Meigs,
241, Thomas Scott, 1,213 votes; in 1814, Thomas Worthington, 945,
O. Looker, 176; in 1816, Thomas Worthington, 1,059, James Dunlap,
878 votes; in 1818, Ethan H. Brown, 1,535, James Dunlap, 239; in
1820, Ethan H. Brown, 1,794, Jeremiah Morrow, 33, William Harrison,
35 votes; in 1822, Jeremiah Morrow, 87, Allen Trimble, 32, 
William Irvin, 1,819; in 1824, Jeremiah Morrow, 1,369, Allen Trimble,
1,157; in 1826, Allen Trimble, 2,609, John Bigger, 5, Alexander Campbell,
14, Benjamin Tappin, 2; in 1828, Allen Trimble, 1,234, John W.
Campbell, 2,076; in 1830, Duncan McArthur, 1,035, Robert Lucas,
1,819; in 1832, the Presidential vote was as follows:
     In 1832, Andrew Jackson, 2,648, Henry Clay, 1,274, Wirt, (Anti-
mason), 2 votes. In 1834 for Governor; Robert Lucas, (Democrat)
2,024, James Finley, (Whig) 1,349.  In 1836 for President, Martin
Van Buren, (Dem.) 2,906, William H. Harrison, (Whig) 1,846 votes.
In 1838, for Governor, Wilson Shannon, (Dem.) 2,717. Joseph Vance
(Whig) 1,633 votes.
     In 1840, Thomas Corwin, (Whig) 2,421. Wilson Shannon, (Dem.)
3,411 votes. In 1842,Wilson Shannon, (Dem.) 3,212, Thomas 
Corwin, (Whig) 2,037.  In 1844, Mordecai Bartley, (Whig) 2,402.
David Tod, (Dem.) 3,584 votes.
     In 1846, William Bebb, (Whig) 2,116, David Tod, (Dem.) 2,931.
In 1848, John B. Weller, (Dem.) 3,573, Seabury Ford, (Whig) 2,266
In 1850, Reuben Wood, (Dem.) 3,232, William Johnson, (Whig) 2,098
votes. In 1852, Reuben Wood, (Dem.) 2,042, Samuel F.Vinton, (Whig)
1,736, Samuel Lewis, (Abolitionist) 2 votes.  In 1853, (New Constitution)
William Medill, (Dem.) 2,803, Nelson Barrere, (Whig) 1,157 votes.
In 1855, William Medill, (Dem.) 2,614, Allen Trimble, (Knownothing) 
52, Salmon P. Chase, (Rep.) 2,474.  In 1856, (voted
for "Attorney General," this year.) Christopher P. Wolcut, (Rep.)
1,631, Samuel Hart, (Dem.) 3,095, John M. Bush, (Knownothing),
581.  In 1857, for Governor, Salmon P. Chase, (Rep.) 1,281, Henry
Payne, (Dem.) 2,917, P. Van Trump, (Knownothing,) 357 votes. In
1859, William Dennison. (Rep.) 1,394, Rufus P. Ranney, (Dem.)
2,821 votes.
     In 1861, David Tod, (Rep.) 2,137, Hugh J. Jewett, (Dem.) 3,119
votes. In 1863, John Brough, (Rep.) 2,790, Clement L. Vallandigham,
(Dem.) 3,478.  In 1865, Jacob D. Cox, (Rep.) home vote, 2,328


army vote, 23, total 2,351.  George W. Morgan, (Dem.) home vote
3,393. army vote, 1, total 3,394.  In 1867, R. B. Hayes, (Rep.) 2,056
Allen G. Thurman, (Dem.) 3,940.  In 1868, for President, U. S.
Grant, (Rep.) 2,439, Horatio Seymour, (Dem.) 4,076.
     In 1870 for Governor, R. B. Hayes, (Rep.) 2,144, G. H. Pendleton, 
(Dem.) 3,831 votes. In 1873 for Governor, Edward Noyes,
(Rep.) 2,074, William Allen, (Dem.) 3,551.  In 1877 R. M. Bishop,
(Dem.) 4,154, W. H. West, (Rep.) 2,417. In 1879, Charles Foster,
(Rep.) 2,933. Thomas Ewing, (Dem.) 4,883 votes, Gideon T. Stewart, 
11, A. Sanders Piatt, 1.  In 1881, Chas. Foster, 2,656, John W,
Bookwalter, 4,348, Abraham R. Ludlow, 221, John Seitz, 4.
     PUBLIC MEN OF FAIRFIELD COUNTY.---This county has furnished
one United States Senator, Thomas Ewing, who was first elected in
1831, to fill the vacancy, caused by the resignation of Thomas Corwin,
filling the vacancy until 1837. He was again senator from 1850 to
     CONGRESS  REPRESENTATIVES.---The following are the names
of men who have been elected to the house of representatives in con-
gress, from Fairfield county, since the state of Ohio, was admitted
into the Union, 1802 to 1873. Since that time this district has been
represented by men from other counties of the district to which 
Fairfield has from time to time been assigned.
     Philoman Beecher, from 1817-21, served his first term and his 
second from 1823-29. William Irvin, 1829-33. John Chaney, 1833-39.
William Medill, 1839-43.  Thomas V. Edwards, 1847-48.  Charles
D. Martin, 1839-81. Philadelph Van Trump, 1867-73.
     GOVERNORS.---Fairfield has furnished but one governor of Ohio.
William Medill was elected lieutenant-governor in 1851, his term
commencing January 1, 1852. During the later part of his term he
acted in the capacity of governor, and in 1853 was elected governor,
serving one term.
     JUDGES OF SUPREME COURT.---Three Fairfield county men have 
aspired to the supreme bench for the district of Ohio. The first being
William Irvin, and served during the early years of the county.
Charles R. Sherman was elected in 1823, to fill the vacancy, made
by the resignation, August 11th of that year. Mr. Sherman remained
on the bench until the time of his death, at Lebanon, O., in 1829.
Hocking H. Hunter, was elected supreme judge in 1851, but 
resigned before taking his seat.
     OHIO LEGISLATURE.---The following have been the members of the
Ohio Legislature from 1808 to 1882, complete with dates of election;
     REPRESENTATIVES, 1808---Justice Owens and Elijah B.Merwin.
     1809---Thomas Swearingen and Thomas Ijams
     1810---the same.
     1811---Thomas Ijams and Richard Hooker.
     1812---Richard Hooker and Nathaniel Hooker, sr., and George
Ney, sr.
     1813---Emanuel Carpenter and Benjamin Smith.
     1814---Benj. Smith, Richard Hooker and John Leist
     1815---the same.
     1816---John Leist, Jacob Claypool and Jacob Catherlin.


     1817---Daniel Smith, Robert F. Slaughter and John Leist.
     1818---Daniel Smith, John Leist and Jacob Claypool.
     1819---Robert F. Slaughter and John Leist.
     1820---William Trimble and Valentine Reber.
     1821---Robert F. Slaughter and George Sanderson.
     1822---George Sanderson and Jacob Claypool.
     1823---George Sanderson and Robert F. Slaughter.
     1824---John Leist and Robert F. Slaughter.
     1825---George Sanderson and William W. Irwin.
     1826-27---William W. Irwin and Samuel Spangler.
     1828---Samuel Spangler and John Chaney.
     1829---John Chaney and David Ewing.
     1830---David Ewing and John Chaney.
     1831---David Ewing and Samuel Spangler.
     1832---David Ewing and M. Z. Kreider.
     1833---Joseph Stukey and John M. Creed.
     1835---William Medill and John M. Creed.
     1836-37---William Medill and John Graybill.
     1838---John Brough.
     1839---Lewis Hite.
     1840---Charles Brough.
     1841---William McClung.
     1842---John Chaney and William McClung.
     1843---Jacob Green and Joseph Stukey.
     1844-45---David H. Swartz and Andrew Foust
     1846-47---Salmon Shaw and David Lyle.
     1848-49---Daniel Keller.
     1850---Christian Baker.
     In 1851, the new constitution was adopted, providing for the election
of members on the alternate years, the first election taking place in the
fall of 1851, the legislature meeting the first Monday in January, of 
alternate years.
     1852---Christian Baker.
     1854---Samuel H. Porter
     1856---John Chaney and David Lyle.
     1858--- B. W. Carlisle and T. W. Bigomy.
     1860---B. W. Carlisle
     1862---J. C. Jefries.
     1864---Edson B. Olds.
     1866-68---U. C. Butler
     1870---George S. Baker and Jesse Leohner.
     1872---Jesse Leohner.
     1874---George S. Baker
     1876---A. Seifert.
     1878—A. Seifert.
     1880---Robert Sharp
     In the list of senators, which here follows, the names of citizens of
Fairfield county, only, appear. When this county has formed a part of
a senatorial district, members have, sometimes, been chosen from other
     SENATORS.---1808---Elnathan Schofield.


     1809---Jacob Burton and Elnathan Schofield.
     1810---William Trimble and Robert F. Slaughter
     1811---Robert F. Slaughter and William Trimble.
     1812-17---William Trimble.
     1818-19---Richard Hooker
     1820-21-22---Elnathan Schofield.
     1823---John Creed.
     1824-25---Jacob Claypool
     1826-31---Robert F. Slaughter.
     1832-41---Samuel Spangler.
     1844-45---John Chaney
     1848-49---H. C. Whitman.
     1850---Andrew Foust.
     1856---John T. Brazee.
     1858-60---Newton Schleich.
     1862---Alfred McVeigh.
     1864---J. M. Connell
     1870-72---Michael A. Daugherty.
     1878-80--- B. W. Carlisle.
     In 1842-43, Nelson Franklin, of Pickaway county, was state senator, 
for the district of Fairfield and Pickaway.
     In 1846-47, Dr. Edward B. Olds, of Pickaway, was senator from the 
same district.
     After the adoption of the new constitution, in 1851, Fairfield was 
associated with Hocking and Athens counties, in the redistricting.    
In 1852-54, Lot L. Smith, of Athens, was chosen senator for the
new district.
     In 1866-69, W. R. Golden, of Athens, was chosen senator for the same
     In 1874-76, Robert C. Reece, of Hocking, was the member from
Fairfield, Hocking and Athens; after which B. W. Carlisle, of Fairfield, 
was elected, serving from 1878 to 1881.


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